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Scottish and English Reformations: John Knox & the English Royals. “From the Reformation to the Constitution” Bill Petro your friendly neighborhood historian. billpetro.com/v7pc. Objectives By the end of this session you should be able to. Trace the development of Scottish Presbyterianism

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scottish and english reformations john knox the english royals

Scottish and English Reformations:John Knox & the English Royals

“From the Reformation to the Constitution”

Bill Petro

your friendly neighborhood historian

billpetro.com/v7pc

objectives by the end of this session you should be able to
ObjectivesBy the end of this session you should be able to
  • Trace the development of Scottish Presbyterianism
  • Discuss causes of the English Reformation
  • Identify how English Royalty affected the Reformation
reformation traditions

Luther - Melanchthon

1517

Lutheran

Calvin - Beza

1532

French-Swiss

}

Zwingli - Bullinger

Reformed

Presbyterian

Scottish Presbyterian

Dutch Reformed

1519

German-Swiss

Henry VIII - Cranmer

Grebel – Manz - Simonsz

1525

1536

English

Swiss Brethren

Reformation Traditions

Lutheranism

Episcopal

Anabaptist

Congregational

Mennonites

English Sep

English Baptists

Anglican

Episcopal

Church of England

john knox
John Knox
  • Thundering Scot
  • Univ of St. Andrew
  • 1536: Priest
  • Wartime preacher
  • Galley slave
  • Exile in Geneva, Frankfurt
  • Returns to Edinburgh
  • Wrote Scots Confession
thunderous blasts against mary
Thunderous Blasts against Mary

5 personal interviews with Mary Queen of Scots

mary stuart
Mary Stuart
  • Mary Queen of Scots
  • Henry VII’s Grand-daughter
  • Marries Francis II of France
  • France claims Scotland
  • Mary claims England
  • Knox preaches against Mary
  • Son James VI:
    • James I of England
why was there an english reformation
Why was there an English Reformation?
  • Lollards: Wycliffe’s followers at Oxford
  • Early Humanists: Erasmus, Thomas More
  • Early Reformers: William Tyndale
    • Tyndale’s was first printed Bible
    • Wycliffe’s was hand copied
  • Luther’s Writings
  • Henry VIII’s marital problems
henry viii
Henry VIII
  • Second son, after Arthur
  • Clergy, theologian
  • Married Catherine, brother’s wife -- to keep dowry
  • Sonless, annulment?
  • Pope refused
6 wives of henry viii
6 Wives of Henry VIII

Mary

Elizabeth

Edward

henry s actions
Henry’s Actions
  • 1532: Submission of the clergy
  • 1534: Act of Supremacy
  • 1536: Closed all monasteries
  • 1539: Six Articles
    • Nationalized Church
    • Still Roman Catholic in doctrine
thomas cranmer
Thomas Cranmer
  • Protestant Archbishopof Canterbury
  • Book of Common Prayer
slide16

1509

Reformed Catholicism Henry VIII

edward vi
Edward VI
  • Boy king
  • 2 Regents
  • Tutored by Henry Bullinger
  • Chaplain: John Knox
  • MarriedLady Jane Gray
slide18

1509

Reformed Catholicism Henry VIII

1547

Advanced Protestantism Edward VI

mary tudor
Mary Tudor
  • “Bloody” Mary, 1553
  • Married Spanish Philip II,enemy of England
  • Restored Papacy
  • Persecuted Englishmen
    • 300 Smithfield martyrs
    • Marian exiles: Geneva, Frankfurt, Zurich
oxford martyrs
Oxford Martyrs

Latimer, Ridley… Cranmer

slide22

1509

Reformed Catholicism Henry VIII

1547

Advanced Protestantism Edward VI

1553

Militant Catholicism Mary Tudor

elizabeth i
Elizabeth I
  • Couldn’t be Catholic –illegitimate in Rome
  • Didn’t like Protestantism
  • “Via Media”
    • Protestant Doctrine
    • Catholic Rituals
  • Lived long
slide24

1509

Reformed Catholicism Henry VIII

1547

Advanced Protestantism Edward VI

1553

Militant Catholicism Mary Tudor

1558

Anglicanism Elizabeth

Rise of

Puritanism

1603

james i
James I
  • James VI of Scotland
  • Puritans petitioned for change in church government
  • Hampton Court Conference:
    • Refused
    • Permitted new Bible translation
  • Reissued Book of Sport –riled the Puritans
charles i
Charles I
  • Absolute authority
  • Appointed Laud: AB of C
    • Arminian
    • Puritan Calvinists reacted
  • Abolished Parliament:1629-1640
  • Civil War: 1642-46
    • Cavaliers - loyalists
    • Roundheads - Puritans
slide27

1509

Reformed Catholicism Henry VIII

1547

Advanced Protestantism Edward VI

1553

Militant Catholicism Mary Tudor

1558

Anglicanism Elizabeth

1603

Enforced James I

Episcopalianism Charles I

Tudors | Stuarts

1625

oliver cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
  • Member of Parliament
  • Head Parliamentary Army
  • Lord Protector, Head of State
    • England
    • Scotland
    • Ireland
slide29

1509

Reformed Catholicism Henry VIII

1547

Advanced Protestantism Edward VI

1553

Militant Catholicism Mary Tudor

1558

Anglicanism Elizabeth

1603

Enforced James I

Episcopalianism Charles I

1625

1640

Transcendent Presbyterian

Puritanism Independent

1649

Long

Parliament

1660

westminster assembly
Westminster Assembly
  • 1643-48
  • Directory of Church Government
  • Westminster Confession
  • Shorter &Longer Catechisms
charles ii
Charles II
  • Restoration of Monarchy
  • Episcopacy returned
  • Puritans were persecuted
james ii
James II
  • A Catholic
  • Forced to abdicate
slide33

1509

Reformed Catholicism Henry VIII

1547

Advanced Protestantism Edward VI

1553

Militant Catholicism Mary Tudor

1558

Anglicanism Elizabeth

1603

Enforced James I

Episcopalianism Charles I

1625

1640

Transcendent Presbyterian

Puritanism Independent

1649

1660

Enforced Charles II

Episcopalianism James II

1685

Restoration

william mary
William & Mary
  • Glorious Revolution
  • Mary: James’ oldest daughter
  • William:Ruler of the Dutch
  • Religious Toleration
slide35

1509

Reformed Catholicism Henry VIII

1547

Advanced Protestantism Edward VI

1553

Militant Catholicism Mary Tudor

1558

Anglicanism Elizabeth

1603

Tudors | Stuarts

Enforced James I

Episcopalianism Charles I

1625

1640

Transcendent Presbyterian

Puritanism Independent

1649

1660

Enforced Charles II

Episcopalianism James II

1685

Glorious Revolution

1689

Religious Toleration William & Mary

1 word summary
1-Word Summary
  • Catholic Church Merit
  • Luther Justification
  • Zwingli Sovereignty
  • Anabaptists Believer’s Baptism
  • Calvin Omnipotence
  • Arminius Ability
  • “Calvinism” TULIP
  • Knox Thundering
  • Henry VIII Married