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Franklin’s Art of Virtue. Temperance 8. Justice Silence 9. Moderation Order 10.Cleanliness Resolution 11. Tranquility Frugality 12. Chastity Industry 13. Humility Sincerity. Franklin’s Art of Virtue. Temperance 8. Justice Silence 9. Moderation

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franklin s art of virtue
Franklin’s Art of Virtue
  • Temperance 8. Justice
  • Silence 9. Moderation
  • Order 10.Cleanliness
  • Resolution 11. Tranquility
  • Frugality 12. Chastity
  • Industry 13. Humility
  • Sincerity
franklin s art of virtue1
Franklin’s Art of Virtue
  • Temperance 8. Justice
  • Silence 9. Moderation
  • Order 10.Cleanliness
  • Resolution 11. Tranquility
  • Frugality 12. Chastity
  • Industry 13. Humility
  • Sincerity
franklin s art of virtue2
Franklin’s Art of Virtue

Humility

I cannot boast of much success in acquiring the reality of this virtue, but I had a good deal with regard to the appearance of it. (91)

benjamin franklin 1706 1790

Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

I began now gradually to pay off the debt I was under for the printinghouse.In order to secure my credit and character as a tradesman, I took care not only to bein reality industrious and frugal, but to avoid all appearances to the contrary. (66)

benjamin franklin 1706 17901

Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

I began now gradually to pay off the debt I was under for the printinghouse.In order to secure my credit and character as a tradesman, I took care not only to bein reality industrious and frugal, but to avoid all appearances to the contrary. (66)

benjamin franklin 1706 17902

Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

I began now gradually to pay off the debt I was under for the printinghouse.In order to secure my credit and character as a tradesman, I took care not only to bein reality industrious and frugal, but to avoid all appearances to the contrary. (66)

benjamin franklin 1706 17903

Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Inthe mean time, Keimer's credit and business declining daily, he was at last forc'd to sell his printing house to satisfy his creditors. He went to Barbadoes, and there

lived some years in very poor circumstances. (66)

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

His business success as printer

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

His business success as printer, caused by his virtues, and the appearance of them

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Nothing so likely to make a man’s fortune as virtue. (92)

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Poor Richard's Almanach, “industry and frugality, as the means of procuring wealth, and thereby securing virtue.” 96.

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

The double maxim of Franklin’s Art of Virtue

Be virtuous in order to increase your wealth

Be wealthy in order to become more virtuous

1 st assignment your art of virtue
1st Assignment: your art of virtue

Create list of virtues of your own (between 6 and 13) and arrange them in order

Translate them into behavior and habit

Observe yourself: do you follow them? When? when not?

Write down your observations, either in a diary, like Franklin, or in some other form. Give examples.

Draw conclusions: are your virtues similar or dissimilar to Franklin’s? Why?

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Franklin and his associates

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Junto Club

Morals, politics,

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Junto Club

Morals, politics, and natural philosophy (science)

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Junto Club

Morals, politics, and natural philosophy (science)

Lead to creation of public lending library

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

“Finding the advantage of this little collection, I proposed to render the benefit from books more common, by commencing a public subscription library.” (78)

Example of industry, and dedication to the public good

benjamin franklin s education
Benjamin Franklin’s education

John Bunyan, Pilgrim’s Progress (1678)

Cotton Mather, Essays to do Good (1710)

John Locke, Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689)

Xenophon, Socratic Dialogues

The Spectator (intellectual journal) (1711-1712)

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Poor Richard’s Almanack

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Poor Richard’s Almanack

Almanack: annual publication containing a calendar, information on weather and other items.

benjamin franklin 1706 179018
Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Poor Richard’s Almanack

Proverbs containing the wisdom of many ages

benjamin franklin 1706 179019
Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Poor Richard’s Almanack

Proverbs containing the wisdom of many ages

“proverbial sentences, chiefly such as inculcated industry and frugality”

franklin s public works
Franklin’s public works

I began now to turn my thoughts a little to public affairs. (103)

franklin s public works1
Franklin’s public works

I began now to turn my thoughts a little to public affairs, beginning, however, with small matters. (103)

Small improvements

Street sweeping: ”I then wrote and printed a paper setting forth the advantages to the neighbourhood that might be obtain'd by this small expense” (124)

franklin s public works2
Franklin’s public works

Small improvements

Street sweeping:” I then wrote and printed a paper setting forth the advantages to the neighbourhood that might be obtain'd by this small expense” (124)

Observes old woman sweeping efficiently

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Franklin’s public works

Small improvements

Street sweeping:” I then wrote and printed a paper setting forth the advantages to the neighbourhood that might be obtain'd by this small expense” (124)

Observes old woman sweeping efficiently

Organizes system of street cleaning

franklin s public works4
Franklin’s public works

Some may think these trifling matters not worth minding or relating. [. . . ] Human felicity is produc'd not so much by great pieces of good fortune that seldom happen, as by little advantages that occur every day. (128)

franklin s public works5
Franklin’s public works

City watch

Fire brigade

Philosophical society (Academy)

Hospital

Forts

franklin s public works6
Franklin’s public works

Promotion of useful projects

Utilitarianism:

Value of an action is measured by its outcome (consequentialism)

The chief value is increasing happiness and decreasing suffering

franklin s public works7
Franklin’s public works

Improvements as postmaster

franklin s public works8
Franklin’s public works

a variety of improvements were necessary; some of these were inevitably at first expensive, so that in the first four years the office became above nine hundred pounds in debt to us. [. . .]

we had brought it to yield three times as much. (129)

franklin s public works10
Franklin’s public works

Inventions

Franklin stove

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Inventions

Franklin stove, for which he does not take out a patent

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Science

“This is an age of experiments” (164)

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Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Science

“This is an age of experiments” (164)

His papers on electricity, based on experiments

benjamin franklin 1706 179024
Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Science

“This is an age of experiments” (164)

His papers on electricity, based on experiments

Application in the form of lightening rod

franklin as statesman
Franklin as statesman

Economic relation of the colonies to England

Use of paper money and monetary supply

Population increase

The colonies as market (Smith)

franklin as statesman1
Franklin as statesman

Taxes

Political authority

franklin as statesman2
Franklin as statesman

Mission to London, concerning the Colonies.

Dispute over authority of the king: laws are made by the Assembly and presented to the kind for his royal assent:

“as the Assemblies could not make permanent laws without his assent, so neither could he make a law for them without theirs.” (167)

beyond the autobiography franklin as revolutionary
Beyond the Autobiography: Franklin as revolutionary

Agitated against British rule from England

Becomes delegate of the Pennsylvania Assembly to the Second Continental Congress

Committee of Five, charged with drafting the Declaration of Independence.

benjamin franklin 1706 179026
Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790)

Life writing (autobiography): creation of self

Mode of life, including values and habits (culture)

These values are geared towards increase in wealth

They are realized by calculation, a form of book

keeping (his method).