1 / 50

Chapter 6 & 7 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Chapter 6 & 7. Groups and Deviance. Groups. Composed of people who have one or more goals in common and share common ways of thinking and feeling . Group Features. Groups are NOT…. Primary Groups. Emotional Support. People who are emotionally close and know one another well

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 6 & 7' - hertz

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Chapter 6 7

Chapter 6& 7

Groups and Deviance

Chapter 6 7


Composed of people who have one or moregoalsin common and share common ways ofthinkingandfeeling.

Primary groups
Primary Groups

Emotional Support

  • People who are emotionally close and know one another well

  • Seek one another’s company

  • Characterized byprimaryrelationships:

    • intimate (small and repeated)

    • personal (face-to-face)

    • caring

    • fulfilling



Secondary groups
Secondary Groups

  • Impersonal interactions

  • Goal oriented

  • Characterized by secondaryrelationships that involve only parts of your personality

Achieve a Goal

  • Are these groups:

  • In regular contact?

  • Sharing ways of thinking, feeling, behaving?

  • Taking each other’s behavior into account?

  • Seeking a common goal?

Chapter 6 7




Record whether each scenario is an example of a Primary Group or a Secondary Group

Chapter 6 7


Turn to the person next to you and brainstorm at least 2 PRIMARY groups not discussed in class.

Chapter 6 7


Turn to the person next to you and brainstorm at least 2 SECONDARY groups not discussed in class.

Chapter 6 7

Social Networks

Includes all people we socially interact with during our lifetime (both primary and secondary groups)

The Internet has greatly expanded our social networks

Chapter 6 7

Social Networks Can Provide...

  • sense of belonging

  • support and advice

  • connections to new groups (labor market)

  • communication between members of various groups

  • reinforcement of acceptable and unacceptable behavior.

Chapter 6 7

1. Cooperation

Individuals in a group or groups combinetheir efforts to reach a goal

Demands the best use of limitedresources


Playing games

Doing chores

Chapter 6 7

2. Conflict

Groups or individuals working against one another for a larger share of the reward

Defeatingan opponent is the goal

Having a winner is essential!

Promotes unity/cooperation within opposing groups

Chapter 6 7

3. Social Exchange

I’ll lend you the money you need, but you’ve got to do something for me!

Volunteering with the expectation of getting something in return

  • Those participating may have different goals, but both parties benefit.

    Rewardnot the relationships with others is the key.

    EX. Wash mom’s car to takeit out later

Soooo.....what’s in it for me?

I’ll scratch your back if you scratch mine!

Chapter 6 7

4. Coercion

Individuals or groups are forcedto give in to the will of others

EX: Prisoners revealing secrets under pressure

parents threatening punishment if misbehaving

Central element is domination.

Expressed most often subtly through social pressures (ridicule, rejection, etc.)

Milgram s obedience experiment
Milgram’s Obedience Experiment

Authority figures can coerce people to do things they normally would not do.

Chapter 6 7

5. Conformity

Adapting behavior to match the people around us

Most people conform to avoid exclusion

Chapter 6 7

Asch's Conformity Experiment

People followed group 37% of the time even though the group was clearly wrong

Chapter 6 7

Bystander Effect

Tendency for people to help in an emergency decreases as the number of bystanders increases.

Kitty Genovese

Chapter 6 7


Use the Internet to locate an article that addresses each of the five types of social interactions:


  • Competition

  • Social Exchange




Behavior that departs from societal norms

Look at me! I’m a DEVIANT!

Types of deviance1

  • Primary

  • Occasional breaking of the law

  • Not part of person’s lifestyle

  • Does not affect self-concept

  • Secondary

  • Habitual breaking of the law

  • Part of the person’s lifestyle

  • Self-concept centered around breaking the norms

Benefits and costs


  • Clarifies norms and strengthens values associated with that norm

  • Temporary safety valve

  • Social Change

Benefits and costs1


  • Erodes trust

  • Can cause non-conforming behavior in others

  • Expensive

Homework activity
Homework Activity

As you pass through the hallways and in your social interactions outside of school notice examples of deviance.

Come to class with threeexamples tomorrow!

Ms olson s e xample
Ms. Olson’s Example

  • Two kids in Dunkin Donuts, they finish their donuts

  • On their way out, one asks the attendant for a napkin (less than polite)

  • The young man uses the napkin on his way out the door and throws it on the ground in the parking lot

  • What would you do?

  • Here’s what I did…I spoke up and said to the other young man, “Are you going to let him do that?” He shrugs his shoulders, points to his friend as he is walking across the street

  • The other young man timidly comes back, picks up the napkin and throws it in the garbage can

  • I told him he is better than his “friend” and a better person for picking up the napkin

Is addiction deviance
Is Addiction Deviance?

  • What are things that people become addicted to? – write on board

  • Do you consider people that are addicted to these things deviants?

  • Why? Why not?

  • Does American society accept certain addictions more so than others?

  • Why?

Addressing the Current Social Issues (p205)

Girls v boys challenge
Girls v. Boys Challenge

This is a girls’ versus boys’ challenge! Who can act out the best deviant scheme in the class? Using the ideas about deviance that you have either been a part of or witnessed (of course school friendly) you are to write and perform a skit.

The following are requirements
The following are requirements:

  • All group members must have a speaking AND acting role.

  • All group members must have a specific task:

    • Script writer

      • Good copy - Typed

      • A copy for each group member AND one for teacher

        • Make an effort to know your lines

    • Scene design

      • Saved as a PowerPoint Presentation (H-Drive)

      • Minimum of three backgrounds

The following are requirements1
The following are requirements:

  • Choreographer

    • Set directions – as the actors are speaking there must be some sort of movement/action to the skit

  • Deviance design

    • Developing the basic idea of the skit

    • Details to be worked out by all group members

  • Costumes/Apparel

    • Actors must be in costume

The following are requirements2
The following are requirements:

  • Sign up for one of the above tasks

    • Put your name at the top of a paper (one for every person)

    • Write down all work that you did as a group member. All work must be documented on paper (paper trail)!

  • Length 3-5 minutes

  • Practice! Practice! Practice!

Chapter 6 7



be curbed?

Social control

  • Encourages conformityto society’s norms.

Internal = GeneralizedOther

Lies within the individual

External = Sanctions

Formal and Informal

Rewards and Punishments


  • A deviant behavior?

  • What do you consider stealing?

    • Petty theft – gum, soda

    • Grand theft – automotive

    • Plagiarism – stealing ideas, words

  • What stores have to deal with stealing?

    • High end vs. low end

  • Shoplifting1

    • Internal Social Controls

    • Knowing/believing stealing is wrong

      • Even in times of need?

      • “Citizen’s arrest” – other customers engaging suspicious activity

  • External Social Controls

    • Security tags

    • Cameras

    • Fines

    • Imprisonment

  • Which methods are most effective?


    Chapter 6 7

    What can you conclude

    from this table

    about the relationship

    between level

    of economic development

    and crime?

    Criminal justice system
    Criminal Justice System

    • Purpose is to control and punish lawbreakers

    • Components of the Criminal Justice System

      • Police

      • Courts

      • Correctional system

    • Does the Criminal Justice System …

    • Provide Internal or External Social Control?

    • Give Formal or Informal Sanctions?

    • Control Positive or Negative Deviance?

    Deterrence approach
    Deterrence Approach

    • Uses threat of punishment to discourage criminal actions

      • Effectiveness depends on…

        • Likelihood of getting caught (we don’t always get caught)

        • Severity of punishment (fines vs electric chair)

        • How quickly the punishment takes effect (court system sluggish)

          Do you think this approach to curbing crime is effective? Why or why not?

        • Even though you know you can get caught speeding, do you still do it?

        • Even though you can get caught drinking underage, do you still do it?

        • Even though the sale and use of drugs is illegal, do you still take part in it?

    Capital punishment
    Capital Punishment

    • Capital Punishment = the death penalty

    • Is it a deterrent?

    NPR Clips

    Chapter 6 7

    Blue: Abolished for all crimes

    Yellow-Green: Abolished for crimes except those committed in exceptional circumstances (e.g. crimes committed in time of war)

    Orange: Abolished in practice

    Reddish-brown: Legal form of punishment for heinous offenses

    Chapter 6 7

    Blue states have no death penalty statute.

    Yellow-green states have a death penalty statute but have not executed anyone since 1976.

    Reddish-orange states have executed people since 1976.

    Capital punishment1
    Capital Punishment

    • Research the Opposing viewpoints database (library databases)

    • Print an article that supports your view on the issue of capital punishment (for or against)

    • Read, highlight and outline the article

    • Write down a minimum of three points/facts/statistics – from the article – that support your opinion


    • Punishment intended to make criminals pay for their acts

    • Not intended for individuals to take personal vengeance

      • Enacted by designated officials only

      • If a mother takes the law into her own hands and kills her son’s murderer, she must answer to society for her action.


    • Keeping criminals in prison

      • Protecting society

    • If criminals are not on the streets, they are not committing crimes


    • Attempts to resocializecriminals

    • Social and work skills that will help criminals adjust to society

    • What percentage of criminals do you think are sent back to prison within 5 years of their release?


      • Return to criminal behavior

      • Why so high?

        • Basic nature of offender

        • Influences of more hardened criminals (while in prison)

        • Stigma of being an ex-convict