Phenomenological Perspective Humanistic/Existential - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Phenomenological Perspective Humanistic/Existential
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Phenomenological Perspective Humanistic/Existential

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  1. Phenomenological PerspectiveHumanistic/Existential

  2. Basic principles • Subjective experience • Personality: process not product • Here and Now focus (ongoing experiencing) • Free Will and Responsibilty vs. Determinism • Search for meaning (Frankel)

  3. Fundamental Constructs • The Self • Personal Constructs • Self-actualization

  4. Prior influences • Allport: individual uniqueness, present, the self • Lewin: “lifespace”, present, fluid reality behavior = f (Person X Environment)

  5. Rogers • The Self • Human nature is innately positive • OVP (actualizing tendency) • Necesssary conditions: Acceptance, Empathy, Unconditional Positive Regard • Conditions of worth (Incongruence)

  6. Maslow • Heirarchy of Needs • Self-actualization

  7. Heirarchy of Needs

  8. Kelly • Personal Constructs • Constructive Alternativism • Convenience

  9. Assessment • Q-Sort • Semantic Differential • REP Test

  10. Positive Psychology • emphasis on strength and resilience • striving for happiness

  11. Contributions and Limitations • focus on subjective experience • focus on free will & responsibility • focus on present (be here now) • focus on whole & healthy person (positive) • difficult to operationalize • what about pathology and even “evil” • neglect of history and past • bias of self-deception