Carl Rogers. The Humanistic Approach. Biography. Carl grew up on a farm in Illinois, developing an interest in biology & agriculture. Expressing emotions was not allowed in the Rogers household & it took its toll on Carl who developed an ulcer at 15.
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The Humanistic Approach
possible at any point over the lifespan
Basic Human Problem: The two needs are often in conflict. Satisfying one may mean giving up the other.
Effect on Personality: We get a false picture of who we are—our interests, motivations, goals, abilities.
Our Two Selves
Real Self (“Organism”): all our experiences (feelings, wishes, perceptions)
Self-Concept: the person we think we are (e.g., “I am...”)
Incongruence has many harmful effects. One is that it prevents self-actualization. You have to know who you are to fulfill your potential.
The therapist tries to bring the self-concept closer to the real self: