ch 1 sec 3 trading kingdoms of west africa n.
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Ch. 1, Sec. 3 Trading Kingdoms of West Africa

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  1. Ch. 1, Sec. 3Trading Kingdoms of West Africa • Ghana • Started around AD 300 by Soninke families banding together for protection • Location was good, but SALT and gold made Ghana a trading giant, and taxing traders • Islam became a popular religion b/c of Arab traders. • Almoravids cut off trade routes and attacked Ghana around 1060 and took over

  2. Mali • Started along the Niger River grew b/c of controlling the river • Mansa Musa ruled from 1312 to 1337 adding trade cities like Timbuktu by trading salt, gold and other goods • Famous for hajj or religious pilgrimage to Mecca • Musa spread word of his wealth during hajjs and brought Islam stronger to his lands

  3. Songhai • Took over Mali around 1400s when Askia the Great led • Askia was a military leader who was Muslim • He set up a professional army and appointed governors loyal to him • Slave Trade • Started nations capturing people through war, then people who owed debts, and criminals • Muslim and European traders came to trade for slaves