Lesson 2: Coastal Plains to the Mountains. Vocabulary we will see: Barrier island Wetland Fall line. Objectives : We will: 1) Identify and describe major landforms in the southeast 2) Explain how barrier islands are formed 3) Compare and contrast landform elevations.
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The Coastal plain runs all along the coast. It is area of LOW ELEVATION and has sandy soil. If you’ve been to the beach, you’ve been to the coastal plain.
A vast covers the southern tip of Florida. It is known as the Everglades.
The Great Dismal Swamp
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The Florida Everglades
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Landform Map: This map identifies the coastal plain, the fall line, the piedmont and the Appalachian Mountains.
The hard bedrock of higher elevations will not wear away like the sandy soil of the coastal plain. When you move from the coastal plain inland, toward the mountains, you will notice that the land “juts up”. If there is a river or stream, there will be a water fall. This is the fall line. The fall line separates the coastal plain from the piedmont.
Past the fall line, starts and area of rolling hills and beautiful valleys. This area is know as the Piedmont. The word piedmont means “foot of the mountain”. The soil of the piedmont is different from the sandy soil of the coastal plain. The soil is dark brown or reddish. Sometimes it even looks like clay! We live in the piedmont. If you have ever dug into the ground when it is wet you have probably found some of this clay.
The soil is very rich and very good for farming. The many rivers flow through the piedmont toward the Atlantic Ocean which provides fresh water.
The Blue Ridge Mountains are part of the Appalachian Mountain range, like the Adirondacks, Green, White and Pocono Mountains.
Mount Mitchell is the highest point east of the Mississippi River at 6684 ft.