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Regions of Texas. 4. How many regions are in Texas ?. Great Plains. North Central Plains. Mountains and Basins. Coastal Plains. What region is Fort Worth in?. Can you name the 4 Regions of Texas ?. Great Plains. North Central Plains. Mountains and Basins.

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how many regions are in texas

4

How many regions are in Texas?

Great

Plains

North Central

Plains

Mountains

and Basins

Coastal Plains

What region is Fort Worth in?

can you name the 4 regions of texas
Can you name the 4 Regions of Texas?

Great

Plains

North Central

Plains

Mountains

and Basins

Coastal Plains

slide4

2.

1.

3.

4.

Texas Regions

North Central Plains

Great Plains

1

2

3

4

Coastal Plains

Mountains and Basins

slide5

Texas is a vast state made up of many different natural elements and terrains.

The 3 largest states in the United States are:

1st largest is ……………………….

2nd largest is ………………………..

3rd largest is ………………………..

slide6

Texas is the 2nd largest state in the United States.

Traveling across Texas you will see everything from forests to mountains to beaches to plains.

slide7

What region do we live in?

North Central Plains Region

The 4 Regions of Texas are

Great Plains

North Central Plains

Coastal Plains

Mountains and Basins

regions of texas
Regions of Texas
  • Each region has different natural resources.
  • This allows Texas to be one of the most self-sufficient states in the country.

Do you know what SELF-SUFFICIENT means?

north central plains1
NORTH CENTRAL PLAINS
  • Location
    • Center part of the state
    • Hill Country in the southern part
    • Bordered by the Cap Rock Escarpment on the west
    • Bordered by the Balcones Escarpment on the east
north central plains cities
North Central PlainsCities
  • Austin
  • Waco
  • Fredericksburg
  • Llano
  • Fort Worth
  • Wichita Falls
  • Abilene
  • The Hill Country is a popular name for the area of hills along the Balcones Fault and is a transitional area between the Great Plains and the Gulf Coastal Plains.
north central plains physical features
North Central PlainsPhysical Features

Prairies

Forests in the Cross Timbers

Rolling Plains and Hills

Variety of trees

Small shrubs

Limestone rock

- Thick grass

north central plains physical features affect industry
NORTH CENTRAL PLAINS PHYSICAL FEATURES AFFECT INDUSTRY

Rich soils support farm industries

Natural resources have spurred other industries

north central plains subregions
NORTH CENTRAL PLAINSSUBREGIONS

This region is divided into

3 subregions:

Grand Prairie

Cross Timbers

Rolling Plains

north central plains has 3 subregions
NORTH CENTRAL PLAINS HAS 3 SUBREGIONS

GRAND PRAIRIE – flat and rolling hills, grasslands; suited for livestock

CROSS TIMBERS – sandy soil; good for farming a variety of crops

ROLLING PLAINS – grasslands; hilly terrain; steep valley; rivers; suited for cattle and ranches

slide16

flat and rollinghills; grasslands

GRANDPRAIRIE

wet and mildclimate; thin soil

CROSSTIMBERS

sandy soil

grasslands; hillyterrain; steepvalleys; rivers

ROLLINGPLAINS

north Central Plains

well suited for cattle, otherlivestock; Fort Worth is a largemeat-processing center

limits crops that can be grownto mainly crops for animal feed;cotton in some areas

absorbs water well—very good for farming; many crops grown from peanuts to corn, cotton, hay

well suited for cattle (valleys—shelter; grasslands and rivers—food and water); contains many of the state’s largest ranches

north central plains climate
NORTH CENTRAL PLAINSCLIMATE
  • Sub tropical
  • Cold winters
  • Hottest summer temperatures in the state
  • 20-30 inches of rainfall a year
  • Violent storms and tornadoes
north central plains climate1
North Central Plains Climate

Central Texas is shaped by its many rivers and hills.

In a single year the region can receive up to 48 inches of rain,

and flooding is common near rivers and in low lying areas.

slide19

North Central Plains

  • In the summer, one of the favorite activities is floating down a creek or river in an inner tube.
  • Spring is a time for residents to drive the winding back roads and take in the rainbow of colors produced by the blooming wildflowers, including Bluebonnets and Indian paintbrush.
  • In the fall and winter, hunters visit in hopes of taking home a white-tailed deer.
  • Some of the favorite local cuisines are barbecue and a variation on traditional Mexican food affectionately referred to as Tex-Mex.
slide20

NORTH CENTRAL PLAINSPLANTS

-bluebonnets

-Indian Paintbrush

-Texas Oak Trees

-Mesquite Trees

slide21

North Central Plains

Plants

Indian Blanket

Standing Cypress

Blue Sage

north central plains animals
North Central Plains Animals
  • Bobcat
  • White-tailed deer
  • Turkeys
  • Screech Owl
  • Mexican Freetail Bat
  • Cliff Swallow
north central plains animals1
NORTH CENTRAL PLAINSANIMALS

-Bobcat

-White-tailed deer

-Turkeys

-Screech Owl

north central plains agriculture
NORTH CENTRAL PLAINS AGRICULTURE
  • Cattle, goats, sheep, cotton, grain sorghum, oats, pecans, hay, peaches, cedar trees, wheat, corn, peanuts
  • Fertile soil, beef, wool, mohair from angora goats, oil in some areas
slide28
NORTH CENTRAL PLAINS ECONOMY

The fertile soil produces crops for a large portion of its industry

north central plains2
NORTH CENTRAL PLAINS
  • Crops: Cotton, corn, and other grains.
  • Resources: Limestone, sand, gravel, oil, gas, and clay.
  • Grow: Peaches, hay, peanuts, wheat, and sorghum.
coastal plains1
COASTAL PLAINS
  • largest of the 4 Texas regions
location of coastal plains
Location of Coastal Plains

Covers 1/3 of the land of Texas

Northeast border is the Sabine River

Southeast border is the Gulf of Mexico

West border is the Balcones Escarpment

The Coastal Plains reaches inland, away from the coast about 250 miles

coastal plains cities
COASTAL PLAINS CITIES
  • Austin
  • Brownsville
  • Dallas
  • Houston
  • San Antonio
  • Tyler
  • Texarkana
  • Corpus Christi
coastal plains physical features
Coastal PlainsPhysical Features

Woods & Forest

Beaches

Grassy Plains and Prairies

Has lots of fishing and shrimping

It is the largest of the four regions in Texas

Gets the most rainfall

Has citrus groves

coastal plains2
COASTAL PLAINS

This region is divided into

5 subregions:

Piney Woods

Gulf Coastal Plains South Texas Plains

Post Oak Belt

Black land Prairie

coastal plains subregions
COASTAL PLAINSSUBREGIONS

Piney Woods – pine forest, farming, timber

Gulf Coast Plain – prairie, bayous, farming, ranching, fishing, ports, oil, petrochemicals

South Texas Plains – warm dry climate, year-round farming, ranches

Post Oak Belt – sandy soils, prairies, farming, energy resources

Blackland Prairie – rich soil, large population, manufacturing

slide40

Subregion

Main Industrial and Economic Activities

Piney Woods

Gulf Coast Plain

South Texas Plains

Post Oak

Belt

Blackland Prairie

The Coastal Plains

timber, farming (fruits, vegetables), cattle ranching, oil

farming (rice, cotton, grains), livestock, fishing, shrimping, center of oil industry, petrochemicals, ports and shipping

farming (Rio Grande valley: fruit, vegetables, sugar-cane); ranching; retail and international trade; tourism; military bases (San Antonio)

farming (cotton), corn, cattle, hogs); mining (oil,gas, lignite); manufacturing

farming (cotton, grains, vegetables, cattle, chickens, hogs); Dallas/Metroplex: banking, insurance, and oil corporate headquarters, international cotton market,manufacturing, transportation hub

coastal plains3
COASTAL PLAINS
  • The land along the Gulf Coast is very near sea level. It is hard for water to drain off the land, since there is nowhere lower for the water to go. Much of the coast of Texas is made up of marshes----wetlands where a variety of tall grasses grow.
slide42

COASTAL PLAINS CLIMATE

-Hot and damp, humid

-Tornadoes, hurricanes

“More rain and violent storms

than any other region”

-30-55 inches of rain per year

Warm in the South

Cold in the North

coastal plains plants
COASTAL PLAINSPLANTS

The land along the Gulf Coast is very near sea level. It is hard for water to drain off the land, since there is nowhere lower for the water to go. Much of the coast of Texas is made up of marshes----wetlands where a variety of tall grasses grow.

coastal plains animals
COASTAL PLAINS ANIMALS

Many kinds of animals live in the coastal plains region…

  • Quail, Hawks, Owls, Bald Eagles and hundreds of other birds
  • White tail deer
  • Foxes, Bobcats, Skunks
  • River otters
  • Alligators in the marshes!!! Some weigh up to 500 lbs!!!
coastal plains agriculture
COASTAL PLAINSAGRICULTURE
  • Timber, dairy, cattle, hogs, poultry, grain, sorghum, cotton, corn, peanuts, roses, fruits, hay, fish, sheep, wheat, vegetables, rice, citrus, and shrimp
  • People, lots of rain, rivers, lumber and paper mills, chemical plants, ports, and oil
slide50
COASTAL PLAINS

Economy Way of life:

fishing, timber, oil and gas

The gulf coast is a major center of economic activity. The marshlands provide breeding grounds for ocean life, which make the fish and shrimp businesses very important.

The port of Houston is one of the 10 busiest ports in the world.

coastal plains4
COASTAL PLAINS
  • Oil and Gas

Along the coastal region you will find many oil

rigs that are on-shore and off-shore.

The ocean gives easy access to ship the oil and gas to where it needs to go.

the gulf coast plains adapts to environment
THE GULF COAST PLAINS ADAPTS TO ENVIRONMENT

Houston – petrochemicals, shipping, manufacturing

Dallas – banking, manufacturing, corporate headquarters

Laredo – trade, farming

San Antonio – tourism, military, retail

slide56
GREAT PLAINS
  • Region is located mostly in the panhandle area of Texas.
  • This area is very flat with a high elevation that features canyons. It is a barren area with very few trees.
great plains location
GREAT PLAINSLOCATION
  • Texas Panhandle to the north
  • Cap Rock Escarpment on the east

-Northeast Texas

-Colorado and Red Rivers are the borders.

great plains cities
GREAT PLAINS CITIES

-Amarillo

-Lubbock

-Odessa

Abilene

Midland

-San Angelo

-Wichita Falls

physical features of the great plains
PHYSICAL FEATURES OF THE GREAT PLAINS

Panhandle area of Texas

Highest Elevation in Texas

High and flat treeless plains and grasslands

Caprock Escarpments with elevation rising to the east

Balcones Escarpments along the eastern and western edges

Red River forms Palo Duro Canyon

Caprock – hard bed of rock below the soil of the High Plains

Escarpment – cliffs

great plains geographic features
GREAT PLAINSGEOGRAPHIC FEATURES

-Rolling grassy lands

-Thick grasses

-Cross Timbers area - large areas of hardwood trees

-Limestone rock

-Higher elevation because limestone doesn't wear down easily

great plains1
GREAT PLAINS

This region is

divided into

3 subregions:

High Plains

Edwards Plateau

Llano Basin

slide62

HIGH PLAINS

Physical Features

EDWARDS PLATEAU

Physical Features

The Great Plains

high flat, Caprock prairie with elevation rising to east; escarpmentson eastern, western edges; Red River forms Palo Duro Canyon;little rainfall; oil and gas

high, hilly limestone plateau rising and getting more rugged to west;Balcones Escarpment and Fault, many springs on southern edge;many areas rocky with thin soil; prairie grasses; trees; rivers, streamsform deep valleys and canyons

great plains2
GREAT PLAINS
  • Climate
    • Windy, Dry Air
    • Tornadoes
    • Very cold in winter
    • Very hot in summer
    • Coldest region of Texas
    • 15-20 inches of rainfall a year
    • Violent sand, snow, and rain storms
slide64

GREAT PLAINS PLANTS

  • -Prickly pear
  • -Yucca
  • -Indian Paintbrush
  • -Cactus
great plains animals
GREAT PLAINS ANIMALS

Pronghorn

Prarie Dog

Snakes

Toads

great plains economy way of life
Great Plains Economy Way of Life

Cattle ranching and cotton farming are major sources of commerce in this area

Farming - fruits, vegetables, watermelons, oats

Ranching - cattle, angora goats (mohair)

Cedar trees - fenceposts

Oil and gas

texans have adapted to the environment of the great plains
TEXANS HAVE ADAPTED TO THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE GREAT PLAINS

Used grasslands for farming

Pumped water for irrigating crops

Drilled for oil and gas

Built cities

mountains and basins location
MOUNTAINS AND BASINSLOCATION
  • Far west Texas
  • East border near Pecos River
  • South border is the Rio Grande
  • North border is

New Mexico

mountains and basins cities
MOUNTAINS AND BASINS CITIES
  • Alpine
  • El Paso
  • Fort Stockton

- Pecos

-Kermit & Monahans in Permian Basin area

-Fort Davis, Marfa, & Alpine in Mountain area

mountains and basins physical features
MOUNTAINS AND BASINSPHYSICAL FEATURES
  • Towering Peaks, Rocky Canyons, and flowering cacti.
  • Mountains and Basins have dry, rocky soils.
  • Places: Big Bend National Park, Guadalupe National Park, and Davis Mountains
mountains and basins1
MOUNTAINS AND BASINS
  • Guadalupe Peak is the highest point in Texas
mountains and basins physical characteristics
MOUNTAINS AND BASINS PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Dry desert climate

Rocky soil

Mountains, Canyons, Basins

Plateaus

Limited Plant Life

mountains and basins physical features1
Mountains and BasinsPhysical Features

Mountains ranges, basins & plateaus

Guadalupe Mountains

Big Bend National Park

Guadalupe Peak – highest peak in Texas (8749 feet)

Basins are lowlands surrounded by higher land.

mountains and basins2
MOUNTAINS AND BASINS

This region

has no subregions

slide80

MOUNTAINS AND BASINS

Physical Features

EconomicActivities

Population/Main Cities

population:

main city:

MOUNTAINS AND Basins

mountains, plateaus,

basins, canyons;

desert climate with

little rainfall; dry

rocky soil; limited

plant life (desertgrasses, shrubs,

cacti)

ranching; some

farming with irriga-

tion; oil, sulfur, silver;

tourism; El Paso

(military bases,

Mexican trade, I-10

trade route)

small, concentrated

in a few small towns

El Paso (one of the

largest Texas cities

slide81

MOUNTAINS AND BASINS

CLIMATE

-Driest part of state

-8 inches of rain per year, 20 in mountains

-Hot days, cool nights

slide82

MOUNTAINS AND BASINS

PLANTS

-Some sagebrush

mountains and basins animals
MOUNTAINS AND BASINS ANIMALS

mountain lions

peregrine falcons

rattlesnakes

slide86

MOUNTAINS AND BASINS

WAY OF LIFE

Ranching-cattle, sheep, goat

Farming - cotton, fruits, vegetables, cantaloupes (irrigation in El Paso and Pecos River Valley)

Oil and gas - part of Permian Basin

slide89

Summary of the

Regions of Texas

slide91
Includes about 1/3 of Texas

Home to more people than any other part/region of Texas

About 2 out of every 3 Texans live in the Coastal Plains

The Coastal Plains is divided into 5 subgroups:

-Piney Woods -Post Oak Belt

-Gulf Coast Plain -Blackland Prairie

-South Texas Plain

Coastal Plains

slide92
Piney Woods: -pine forests

-rainiest part of Texas -elevation low

-growing season (average number of days between the last killing frost of spring and the first killing frost of fall) is 230-265 days

Post Oak Belt: -dryer than Piney Woods-west of Piney Woods subregion

-oak, hickory trees - growing season 230-280 days

Coastal Plains and its Subregions

slide93
Blackland Prairie: -long, narrow area

-follows the Balcones Escarpment (cliff or abrupt break in the land’s surface) near Oklahoma border, through San Antonio, and down to the Mexico border -growing season 230-280 days soil not good for growing trees -prairie grass

Gulf Coastal Plain: -warm temperatures, long growing season 240-309 days, low elevation

South Texas Plain: -warm year round vast range of elevations (sea level to 1,000 ft. above) -growing season 265-341 days (long growing season in Brownsville)

slide94

North Central Region and its Subregions

  • Rolling plains lBrush, scattered grasses
  • Covered by small oak and mesquite trees
  • North Central Region is divided into 3 subregions:
  • Grand Prairie
  • Cross Timbers
  • Rolling Plains
slide95
Grand Prairie:-near Temple and Killeen

-soil NOT good for growing trees

-mostly tall grasses

2.Cross Timbers:-post oak, hickory, pecan and elm trees

3.Rolling Plains: -largest subregion in North Central Region

-most of this subregion is largely steppe (vast, flat, treeless plain)

North Central Region and its Subregions

slide96

Great Plains Region and its Subregions

  • Great Plains Region is divided into 3 subregions:
  • Edwards Plateau:-primarily of limestone -caves and underwater streams -Edwards Aquifer (San Antonio’s water supply) is in this subregion
  • High Plains:-major farming area -dry climate -elevation ranges from 3,000-4,000 feet
slide97
Tall mountains separated by large basins (closed valleys)

Forests on mountains

Lower elevations (basins) are deserts with cactus, short grasses, and shrubs

Very little rain

Contains the HIGHEST POINT

IN TEXAS: Guadalupe Peak ~ 8,751 feet

Mountains and Basins Region

benefits
Benefits
  • Each region contains different natural resources. From the cotton fields of the Mountain and Basin and Great Plains regions to the ports of the Coastal/Gulf Plains, each area is rich with essential resources. This range of resources is a huge benefit as it allows Texas to be one of the most self-sufficient states in the country.
slide99

REGIONS OF TEXAS

1

Label the 4 regions of Texas

2

4

3

trace pattern of texas
TRACE PATTERN OF TEXAS
  • Draw and label the 4 natural regions (pg 10 in map book) COLOR THE REGIONS
  • Draw and label 5 major cities (pg 3 in map book)
  • Draw and label 5 rivers (pg 50 in class book)
  • Draw a compass rose on your map
slide101
You will be given a region to work on AS A GROUP.
  • You will need to find a way to make sure that all topics are somehow shown on your poster. Designate certain people to do certain jobs.
  • *This project will be given 2 FULL class days to work on and can be worked on during any extra catch-up time throughout the day.
  • *Project is due Friday, Sept 5th at the beginning of the social studies period.
slide102
*The following are requirements for your poster :
  • Illustration of Texas
  • Illustration of your given region.
  • Climate
  • Major cities
  • Way of life
  • Contributions
  • Plants and animals
  • Landforms
  • Any other interesting info you find.
  • *This is a MAJOR GRADE!!!
  • *Each group member will have an opportunity to grade the other members by using the rubric for the project.