A View of Mountains. Jonathan Schell . Arrangement(1). Warm-up questions and exercises 1. In the world, what’s the most horrible thing to you? -----translation p55 2. When it comes to WWII, what will occur to you? Listening exercises p57
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The Nagasaki is a city which is the seaport in southwest Japan(长崎) and is one of the two cities that got nuclear bombing in the War II.
The Hiroshima is a city which is the seaport in southwest Japan(广岛) and is the first city that got nuclear bombing in the War II.
… their bodies are often marked with the patterns of their clothes…
They branded the cattle one by one.
The US administration recently branded him as a war criminal.
You can't brand all football supporters as hooligans.
1. Why is the meaning of Yamahata’s picture universal?
Because they express an apprehension of the nuclear peril that hangs over us. What happened to Nagasaki could happen to any other city in the world.
In a flash: quick as a flash (light), instantly
Just wait here. I'll be back in a flash.
a flash in the pan
Because Hiroshima was the city on which the first atomic bomb was dropped and it has drawn almost all the attention of the world. By contrast, Nagasaki has nearly been forgotten as an atomically devastated city.
What should we do in addition to apprehending the nuclear peril?
We should try to dispel it completely from the earth.
They were slow to apprehend the danger.
peril one's life 冒生命的危险
但是今天 Kokura instead of Nagasaki. But because of its bad weather which made the city out of sight from the sky, American authority changed their plan to drop the bomb on Nagasaki, which indicated the unpredictability and open-ended character of the nuclear war…,挑战不在于知道核武器的危险,而在于抓住上帝赋予的机会永远消除核武器的威胁.而且,我们需要更多的照片激起我们对生活的希望, 来抗衡毁灭的长崎带给我们世界末日的感觉.不是通过失败表明我们所失去的,而是通过我们成功表明我们所得到的…就现在和将来人类的生活是这样不确定的形式我们怎样给出明确的形容?面对着世界末日或者世界延续,我们的想象力必须保持残缺.
The writer calls on us to take the responsibility of creating a safer world for new generations.
…we ensure their right to exist… Kokura instead of Nagasaki. But because of its bad weather which made the city out of sight from the sky, American authority changed their plan to drop the bomb on Nagasaki, which indicated the unpredictability and open-ended character of the nuclear war…
…we guarantee a safe living environment for them.
Ensure: make (something) certain to happen
Eg: Following the plane crash, the airline is taking further steps to ensure public safety on its aircraft.