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Coastal Tourism in Tanzania Presented by: Ildefons A.Masekesa TCMP – Coastal Tourism Coordinator and Principal Tourism Warden-Marine Parks and Reserves Tanzania Tanzania Coastal Management Partnership (TCMP)

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coastal tourism in tanzania

Coastal Tourism in Tanzania

Presented by:

Ildefons A.Masekesa

TCMP – Coastal Tourism Coordinator and

Principal Tourism Warden-Marine Parks and Reserves Tanzania

tanzania coastal management partnership tcmp
Tanzania Coastal Management Partnership (TCMP)
  • Joint initiative between Vice President’s Office through NEMC, United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Coastal Resources Center/University of Rhode Island (CRC/URI)
  • Initiated to develop and apply a national coastal management framework i.e to conserve coastal biodiversity and improve livelihoods.
  • Promoting Sustainable Tourism (coastal tourism) is one of the TCMP activities.
an overview of tourism tanzania
An overview of Tourism-Tanzania
  • Tourism is now the largest industry in the world – it can bring substantial economic benefits to Tanzania
  • Tourism industry depends on a clean and healthy environment
  • Sustainable tourism can enhance environmental conservation and provide tangible benefits to the communities
overview cont
Overview (cont)
  • Travel Industry trends– more demands for pristine environments, experiences with nature and lack of pollution and civil society problems
  • Tourism receipt increased from US$ 259.44 million in 1995 to US$ 746.02 million in 2004
  • Tourist arrivals increase from 295,312 in 1995 to 582,807 in 2004
  • Accounts for nearly 16% of the national GDP
  • Support around 198,557 direct jobs.
the case for coastal tourism development in tanzania
The case for Coastal Tourism Development in Tanzania
  • Tanzania has 1424 km of coastline
  • Natural attractions range from the traditional wildlife to the relatively newly discovered marine mammals (dolphin, dugong, whales etc.)
  • Cultural attractions

- historical sites

- ruins along the coast

- traditional Swahili life-style

the case for coastal tourism development cont
The case for coastal tourism development (cont)
  • National Tourism Policy of 1999 - Diversification of tourism products
  • Integrated Tourism Master Plan- the coast is the priority zone for tourism development
  • National ICM Strategy- coordination of coastal environment and economic activities for improving livelihood
  • NSGRP (MKUKUTA) – Pro- poor tourism
coastal areas with high potential for coastal tourism
Coastal areas with high potential for coastal tourism
  • Pangani- Saadani- Bagamoyo
  • Kilwa
  • Mafia Island
  • Lindi - Mtwara
problem analysis
Problem Analysis
  • Main environmental problems:
  • Pressure on existing infrastructure and services
  • Beach erosion from poorly sited hotels
  • Localized pollution due to increased waste load
  • Degradation of habitats e.g. Due to trampling and anchors
  • Collection of trophies,seashells and corals
problem analysis cont
Problem Analysis [cont]
  • Social-economic problems:
  • Rural coastal communities are still poor, depend on smallholder farming, small-scale trade, livestock husbandry etc.
  • Low level of participation by local communities in tourism planning and management processes
  • Unemployment and lack of sufficient knowledge about tourism business
problems cont
  • Development Constraints:
  • Inadequate access [International & Internal flights]
  • poor infrastructure esp. roads
  • High costs of internal transport
  • Poor services standard
  • Poor quality tour and safari guides
  • Lack of quality accommodation facilities
efforts to overcome constraints
Efforts to overcome constraints
  • Develop Guidelines for Coastal tourism Development
  • Develop a comprehensive tourism management plan
  • Provide technical advice to the Coastal Tourism investors by using the Guidelines
  • Support the CBOs to promote ICM best practices in Bagamoyo and Pangani Districts
efforts cont
Efforts (Cont)
  • Work with FINCA Tanzania to provide loans to the Bagamoyo Tour Guides
  • Support MPRU for opening of nature trails and placement of signages on Bongoyo Island Marine Reserve
  • Work with Tourism Division to prepare the National Tourism Development Programme
the way forward
The way forward
  • Continue providing Technical assistance to the new and existing initiatives
  • Continue to assist potential investors on the use of the Guidelines for Coastal Tourism Development
  • Continue to work with the Tourism Division to implement the National Tourism Policy and Master plan
the future of coastal tourism
The future of coastal Tourism
  • Depends on cooperation between all interested stakeholders
  • Has the power to build up the well-being of Tanzanians living along the coast
  • Depends upon adherence to the existing guidelines