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The ‘building blocks’ of Positive Psychological Change. David Blore Accredited CBT, Consultant Accredited EMDR Doctoral researcher University of Birmingham Visiting Lecturer Teesside University Chester & NE Wales BABCP: 8 th April 2011. EXERCISE 2.
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Accredited CBT, Consultant Accredited EMDR
Doctoral researcher University of Birmingham
Visiting Lecturer Teesside University
Chester & NE Wales BABCP: 8th April 2011
e.g. (the following are not necessarily correct!!)
(e.g. Joseph et al 1993; McMillen et al 1995; Tedeschi & Calhoun 1995; Abraído-Lanza et al 1998; Linley & Joseph (2004b)
“…to achieve a sense of coherence, there are four crucial spheres that must be seen as meaningful: inner feelings; interpersonal relationships; one’s major activity; and existential issues such as death, failure, conflict, and isolation…”(Ibid, p.53)
“An internal locus of control has long been regarded as a key factor creating resilience in the face of extreme adversity” (Werner & Smith 1982 p.211)
“…only adaptive when it leads to positive affect and the confidence to engage in new behaviours to test one’s limits and to maximise the possibilities of one’s success.”(Tedeschi & Calhoun 1995, p.73 see also Janoff-Bulman 1989b, p.169)
“…the traditional view of health turns out to be flawed… optimism and pessimism affect health itself, almost as clearly as do physical factors”
(Seligman (1990/2006, p.14 – from the chapter ‘Two Ways of Looking at Life’).
…particularly poignant is the story of Reyad, who, described his experiences of the 1967 war against the Israelis after which:
“…I decided to leave Egypt and start hitchhiking toward Europe. Ever since I have been living with my mind concentrated within myself. It has not been just a trip, it has been a search for identity. Every man has something to discover within himself… I believe destiny rules life, and it makes no sense to struggle too hard… if I do not earn anything today it does not matter. It means that this happens to be my fate. Next day I may earn 100 million – or get a terminal illness. Like Jesus Christ said, what does it benefit to man if he gains the entire world, but loses himself?”(Csíkszentmihályi 1975, pp196-7)
“The more we know about (PPC), the more we know that we do not know very much.”(Calhoun & Tedeschi, 1998 p.215)
“…It is unlikely that (PPC) will be substantially explained by one or even several factors”(Ibid, p.19)