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Power Searching 101: a crash course. The stuff you need to know about searching BEFORE you begin your senior project research paper assignment!. But we know how to do it!.

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Power searching 101 a crash course
PowerSearching 101: a crash course

The stuff you need to

know about searching

BEFORE

you begin your senior project research paper assignment!



Sorry.This review won’t hurt too much! I promise!!!! Besides, it will help as you begin this very important project!




1 print sources – BOOKS!

2

3


Please remember
Please remember: print sources – BOOKS!

  • In order to checkout a book, a $15 refundable deposit is required.

  • A better option might be to use the photo copier @ 10 cents per page.

    • Be sure to write the name of your source on the copy to help you with correct documentation later!


Try something new
Try something new! print sources – BOOKS!

  • Playaways (audiobooks)

    • Fiction

    • No deposit required

  • Gale Virtual Reference Library (e-Books)

    • Password: wood17828

    • Career Information Center (13 volumes)

    • No deposit required


Do you know… print sources – BOOKS!

…the difference between

free Web search tools and subscription databases?


Hmmmm print sources – BOOKS!


Does the internet site try to persuade rather than inform
Does the internet site print sources – BOOKS!try to persuade rather than inform?

BEWARE!


Is the page actually an ad disguised as information
Is the page print sources – BOOKS!actually an ad disguised as information?

BEWARE!


Is the information trying to sway you
Is the information print sources – BOOKS!trying to sway you?

BEWARE!


Is the bias explicit or hidden

Is the bias print sources – BOOKS!explicit or hidden?

BEWARE!


Does the identity of the sponsor suggest bias

BEWARE! print sources – BOOKS!

Does the identity of the sponsor suggest bias?


Evaluate internet sites before using them

Evaluate Internet sites before using them! print sources – BOOKS!

You must sort out

the gems from

the junk!


To cite a web site
To cite a web site: print sources – BOOKS!

  • Name of the page

  • Who’s page is it?

    (person or group)

  • URL

  • Date of access


As you search consider
As you search, consider . . . print sources – BOOKS!

What types of sources does your instructor want you to cite:

Scholarly sources?

Popular sources?

Periodicals?

Database sources?

Internet sources?

Wikipedia?????


Great for PRE-search, rather than research! print sources – BOOKS!

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_bombing



Internet searching print sources – BOOKS!

can be frustrating!

Why can’t I find

what I want?

Glad you asked!


SEARCHER ERROR: print sources – BOOKS!

incorrect spelling/typo

(you'll find Web pages with the same typo!)

one of the most common problems and easy to remedy

e.g. searching for stacksinstead of stocks


SEARCHER ERROR: print sources – BOOKS!

poorly described or conceptualized topic

know what you are looking for, and if this is not possible, know what you are NOT looking for (eliminate if necessary)

e.g. searching for something on tobacco

instead of tobacco and government subsidies


SEARCHER ERROR: print sources – BOOKS!

query is too general

narrow your focus

e.g. searching for cars

instead of Toyota Camry 2004 


SEARCHER ERROR: print sources – BOOKS!

query is too specific

broaden your search using synonyms or larger categories

e.g. searching for flashing lime green stop sign in a gif format

instead of stop signs and gif


SEARCHER ERROR: print sources – BOOKS!

expect instant success, or give up

Be patient! It takes effort to find exactly what you are looking for….and who knows….you might learn to enjoy the hunt!


How well do you search
How well do YOU search? print sources – BOOKS!

Use GOOGLE to answer this question:

Which of William Shakespeare’s plays has been said to refer to the Gunpowder Plot of 1605?


One search path is
ONE Search Path is: print sources – BOOKS!

62!

Tip: Open the web site….Edit/Find…“gunpowder”… You are there!

"William Shakespeare" play

"gunpowder plot" 1605 site:edu


Ready to become a power searcher
Ready to become a print sources – BOOKS!power searcher?

Let’s begin with a few tips & tricks

to help you find the

needle in the haystack!


Good searchers
Good searchers…. print sources – BOOKS!

  • Search the free Internet and subscription databases

  • Make use of advanced search screens

  • Use search strategies

  • Use peripheral vision--they mine their results for additional keywords to use as search terms



Students often
Students often….. print sources – BOOKS!

  • Do not search strategically

  • Assume search engines understand natural language style

  • Continually repeat failed search terms and strategies

  • Show a lack of concern for the quality of their sources or the accuracy of the information found


A question is not a search query
A question print sources – BOOKS!is not a search query.

How many buffalo remain in the United States?

Who is the president of France?


Tips for a good search query
Tips for a good search query: print sources – BOOKS!

  • Focus on nouns (verbs are often vague, stop words like articles—a, an, the—are ignored by most engines).

  • Consider alternate forms of words (truncate when you can).

    adolesc* for adolescent, adolescents, adolescence

  • Anticipate synonyms and related words.

    teen, teens, teenagers, youth, students

  • Check your spelling. Bad spelling usually turns up hits, just bad hits.

  • Use lowercase letters unless you are searching for proper names. Turn off the CAPS LOCK!

  • Follow “more like this” or “similar pages” links.


Phrase searching
Phrase Searching print sources – BOOKS!

  • This can be one of the best search strategies!

  • Use only for legitimate phrases, names, titles.

    • “vitamin A”

    • “John Quincy Adams”

    • “An Officer and a Gentleman”

  • Phrase searching is sometimes overused - not every group of words is a phrase.

  • Sometimes using AND is a better strategy.


  • To search the print sources – BOOKS!

    free Web is

    notenough!


    Simple print sources – BOOKS!

    vs.

    Advanced

    When searching the Internet

    or using databases, it’s all

    about power searching!


    Advanced screen print sources – BOOKS!


    This is an important choice! print sources – BOOKS!


    Stop using print sources – BOOKS!stop wordsin your searches!

    in, of, the, a, to you, why, who, what, on, than, then, their, an, his, her, be, etc.


    Using stop or noise words instead of a Boolean operator print sources – BOOKS!

    List of English “stop words”


    3 crucial tips for conquering the google game
    3 crucial tips for conquering the print sources – BOOKS!Google Game

    * *by Katrine Watkins and Kathleen Elder

    School Library Journal, January 2006

    • “ ” exact phrases

    • + - narrow your search

    • site: limit to more authoritative sites


    Search exact phrases
    Search exact phrases print sources – BOOKS!

    “human rights”

    “affirmative action”

    “bourbon dynasty”

    “great depression”


    Add some math
    Add some math print sources – BOOKS!

    • Use a minus sign to exclude a word from your search

      vikings -Minnesota

      buffalo -football

      depression -great


    Use more authoritative sites
    Use more authoritative sites print sources – BOOKS!

    site:edu

    site:gov

    site:org


    The goals of the game
    The goals of the game: print sources – BOOKS!

    Think critically to refine a search

    Reduce the number of hits to wade through

    Have the best site rise to the top


    Assignment research seasonal depression a mental disorder often occurring at christmas
    Assignment: research print sources – BOOKS!seasonal depression, a mental disorder often occurring at Christmas

    Depression 85,500,000 hits

    Seasonal depression 10,500,000 hits

    Depression -great seasonal 1,690,000 hits

    To above, add site:edu 61,900 hits

    Then add FAQ 382 hits


    Question explain how poe used the raven as a symbol in his famous poem
    Question print sources – BOOKS!: Explain how Poe used the raven as a symbol in his famous poem.

    the raven 8,120,000 hits

    raven poe 893,000 hits

    raven poe symbol 92,100 hits

    “edgar allan poe” raven symbol 44,800 hits

    To above, add site:edu 362 hits


    Now your turn
    Now your turn… print sources – BOOKS!

    Let’s play the

    Google Game


    The goals of the game1
    The goals of the game: print sources – BOOKS!

    Think critically to refine a search

    Reduce the number of hits to wade through

    Have the best site rise to the top


    What are the methods of tattoo removal that a teen might consider
    What are the methods of print sources – BOOKS!tattoo removal that a teen might consider?

    One optimal search: methods “tattoo removal” site:gov (380 hits)

    Answer: dermabrasion, excision, laser removal


    Who is the prince of pop and what is the blotted line that he made famous
    Who is the Prince of Pop, print sources – BOOKS!and what is the blotted line that he made famous?

    One optimal search: "Prince of Pop" "blotted line" (24 hits)

    Answer: Andy Warhol's early drawing technique


    What sport was mamie peanut johnson playing when she got her nickname
    What sport was print sources – BOOKS!Mamie Peanut Johnson playing when she got her nickname?

    One optimal search: "Mamie Peanut Johnson" sport nickname site:gov (2 hits)

    Answer: Negro League baseball


    Habits of mind print sources – BOOKS!

    applied to senior project:

    • Working toward a goal with enthusiasm

    • Using resources wisely

    • Seeking accuracy

    • Seeking clarity

    • Evaluating the effectiveness of your own actions

    • Planning ahead

    • Meeting deadlines

    • Being responsive to feedback

    • Being open-minded

    • Engaging intensely


    Help screens can help
    Help screens can help… print sources – BOOKS!


    …but librarians can print sources – BOOKS!really help! Be sure to ask!


    Let s update an old proverb
    Let’s update an old proverb: print sources – BOOKS!

    Chinese Proverb:

    21st Century Precept :

    • Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day.

    • Teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.

    Give a student the answer to a question and he can finish his homework.

    Teach a student how to search effectively and create a lifelong learner.


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