communism in china and the korean war n.
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The Cold War Heats Up

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Communism in China and the Korean War. The Cold War Heats Up. China Becomes a Communist Country. Civil war renewed after the Japanese left China at the end of WWII Truman refused to send American soldiers to help Nationalists, but did send $2 billion in supplies/weapons

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china becomes a communist country1

Civil war renewed after the Japanese left China at the end of WWII

Truman refused to send American soldiers to help Nationalists, but did send $2 billion in supplies/weapons

Chinese peasants were driven to the Communist side

China Becomes a Communist country
china becomes a communist country2
China Becomes a Communist Country
  • May 1949: Chiang Kai-shek and his government flee to Taiwan (aka Formosa, aka Republic of China)
  • Communists establish the People’s Republic of China
  • The U.S, recognized the Taiwan gov’t as the Chinese gov’t.
containment had failed

Why was China communist now? Shouldn’t communism be contained everywhere, not just in Europe?

  • Some members of Congress thought the U.S. government could have done more
    • There must be communist agents in the government
Containment had failed!
the korean war
The Korean War
  • Korea had been taken over and ruled by Japan from 1910 to 1945
  • At the end of WWII, Japanese troops to the north of Korea surrendered to the Soviets while Japanese troops to the south surrendered to the Americans
  • Zone occupied by the Americans (south of 38th parallel) became the Republic of Korea
  • Zone occupied by the Soviets (north of 38th parallel) became the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
the korean war cont d

By 1949, only 500 American troops were in South Korea

  • Soviet Union concluded that the U.S. would not fight to defend South Korea
    • Gave aid to North Korea to take over all of Korea
The Korean War (cont’d)

Kim Il Sung

korean war cont d

June 25, 1950: North Korean forces launch a surprise attack on South Korea; the Korean War

  • South Korea called on the Unites Nations for help
    • UN passed vote for military action against North Korea (USSR not present, could’ve vetoed it)
Korean War (cont’d)
the korean war cont d1

"The Security Council called upon all members of the United Nations to render every assistance to the United Nations in the execution of this resolution[…]In these circumstances I have ordered United States air and sea forces to give the Korean Government troops cover and support.“ –President Truman

War with North Korea was never officially declared

Of all troops sent to aid South Korea, 90% were American

All troops under command of General MacArthur

The Korean War (cont’d)
the korean war1
The Korean war
  • By the end of 1950, U.N. forces were chasing the retreating North Korean forces; almost to the border with China
  • China did not want American troops on its border

-also wanted North Korea to be a buffer

China joined the war on the side of North Korea

the korean war2

The Chinese forces drove the UN troops southward

  • Turned into a stalemate
  • General MacArthur recommended dropping nuclear weapons in China
    • China and USSR had a mutual assistance pact
    • WWIII
  • UN forces were able to push back up to the 38th parallel
The Korean war
the korean war3

MacArthur insisting on full-scale war against China

  • Truman fired MacArthur
    • Public shocked
    • Public eventually swayed to the idea of limiting the war
  • UN forces and North Korea settled for a stalemate; more truce than peace
    • Still 2 Koreas
    • One more communist nation
The Korean War
effects of korean war on the u s

54,000 Americans died in the Korean War

$67 billion in expenses

Americans rejected the Democrats in the presidential election of 1952

Increased fear of communism

Fear that communism was making gains because of spies and saboteurs within America

Effects of Korean war on the U.S.