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Who is Jesus? The Person of Christ. I. Modern Struggles with the Person of Jesus. The Jesus Seminar. Albert Sweitzer-1875-1965—Quest for the Historical Jesus. II. Traditional treatments of the person of Jesus. Humanity of Jesus a. Virgin Conception—Matt. 1:18ff, Lk. 1:26, Is. 7:14.

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i modern struggles with the person of jesus
I. Modern Struggles with the Person of Jesus

The Jesus Seminar

Albert Sweitzer-1875-1965—Quest for the Historical Jesus

ii traditional treatments of the person of jesus
II. Traditional treatments of the person of Jesus
  • Humanity of Jesus

a. Virgin Conception—Matt. 1:18ff, Lk. 1:26, Is. 7:14


Fulfills the seed of the woman promise—Gen. 3:15

15I will put enmity between you and the woman,   and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head,   and you shall bruise his heel."


No inherited sin—Lk. 1:35

35And the angel answered her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy— the Son of God.


Human limitations--Matt. 8:24

24And behold, there arose a great storm on the sea, so that the boat was being swamped by the waves; but he was asleep.


c. Sinlessness/temptability—Heb. 4:1515For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin

  • 1. Not able to sin or able not to sin?
  • 2. Defeated temptations in the flesh
  • 3. Felt the full brunt of temptation—carried it to the end
d necessity of humanity
d. Necessity of humanity
  • 1. Representative (active) obedience-Rom. 5:18
  • 18Therefore, as one trespass (trespass of one) led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men.

2. Substitutionary sacrifice--Rom. 5:8

8but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.


3. Mediator—I Tim. 2:5

  • 5For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus

4. Sympathize as high priest—Heb. 2:16-17

  • 16For surely it is not angels that he helps, but he helps the offspring of Abraham. 17Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people
b deity of christ
b. Deity of Christ
  • 1. Scripture—Jn. 1:1

εν αρχη ην ο λογος και ο λογος ην προς τον θεον και θεος ην ο λογος

In beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God

2 kenosis made himself nothing emptied himself
2. Kenosis (“made himself nothing”, “emptied himself”)
  • ESV, NIV, NET, NASV- made himself nothing
  • King James Version- made himself of no reputation
  • New Living Translation- he gave up his divine privileges



A. Not lose his deity

  • B. Took on flesh—humility—gave up status but did not lose nature of Godhead.
3 necessity of deity
3. Necessity of deity
  • To pay the full price for sin--"You shall be holy, for I am holy." 17And if you call on him as Father who judges impartially according to each one’s deeds, conduct yourselves with fear throughout the time of your exile, 18knowing that you were ransomed fromthe futile ways inherited from your forefathers, not with perishable things such as silver or gold, 19but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot

2. Mediator

5For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,


3. Reveals God—Jn. 14:9

9Jesus said to him, "Have I been with you so long, and you still do not know me, Philip?Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, 'Show us the Father'?


4. To have union with God—John 3:24

24 Whoever keeps his commandments abides in God, and God in him. And by this we know that he abides in us, by the Spirit whom he has given us.

c incarnation deity and humanity in one
C. Incarnation—deity and humanity in one

1. Chalcedonian creed—AD 451


One nature does some things the other does not

--Hunger, sleep, died, learned—human


3. Christ person is one with 2 natures