Key terms • Paschal • Old Testament type • Mystery • I can’t figure it out • Because… • Paschal Mystery events • Passion of the Christ • Two meanings
The baptism of Jesus • Matthew 3.13-17 • Summarize • Important elements • Mark 1.9-11 • Summarize • Important elements • Luke 3.21-22 • Summarize • Important elements • John 1.29-34 • Summarize • Important elements
The baptism of Jesus • Important Elements • The beginning of the Gospel • Preceded by St John Baptist • Blessed Trinity is present • Words from the Voice • Jesus answers St John • Use of water • St John’s title
The baptism of Jesus • The baptism of Jesus is on his part the acceptance and inauguration of his mission as God's suffering Servant. He allows himself to be numbered among sinners; he is already "the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world".232 Already he is anticipating the "baptism" of his bloody death.233 Already he is coming to "fulfill all righteousness", that is, he is submitting himself entirely to his Father's will: out of love he consents to this baptism of death for the remission of our sins.234 The Father's voice responds to the Son's acceptance, proclaiming his entire delight in his Son.
The baptism of Jesus • 235The Spirit whom Jesus possessed in fullness from his conception comes to "rest on him".236Jesus will be the source of the Spirit for all mankind. At his baptism "the heavens were opened” 237- the heavens that Adam's sin had closed - and the waters were sanctified by the descent of Jesus and the Spirit, a prelude to the new creation.
Wedding at Cana • Read John 2.1-11 • Key elements in the story • Jesus at a wedding • Wine & Water • “Woman” • “Do whatever He says” • Show us Jesus (next slide) • “Good wine” • First miracle (v. 11) • Going deeper • Any hints about Jesus’ Passion?
Mary in the Paschal Mystery Hail, holy Queen, Mother of Mercy,our life, our sweetness and our hope.To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve;to thee do we send up our sighs,mourning and weeping in this valley of tears. Turn then, most gracious advocate,thine eyes of mercy toward us;and after this our exile,show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus.O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.
Assignment • Read 119-124 • Workbook 6-10 • Study Questions 3-4
Due today • Hand in Study Questions 3-4 • Hand in Study Questions 5-13 • Workbook 6-10 • Any questions • Worksheet answers • Any questions
In the desert • Why does Jesus go into the desert? • Who sends Him there? • Why does it make sense that Jesus is tempted right after He is baptized? • He’s just taken on our sins • He’s on His way to the cross, which includes suffering for our sins • What does Jesus’ temptation show you about your life in Him?
In the desert • Complain about food; given bread • Testing God; trying Moses’ patience • Worships false god (golden calf) • Tempted to eat bread; no complaint • Tempted to test God • Tempted to worship Satan • What does Jesus’ 40 day fast mirror? • Type, Antitype Type Antitype
Fasting • What does the number 40 represent • Patience, Waiting • Preparation • Repentance • What was Jesus preparing for? • Did He need to repent? • Penance for our sins which He was carrying
Temptations • When was Jesus tempted by Satan? • What temptations did He endure? • For we have not a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sinning. • How does Jesus’ temptation mirror the Fall of Adam & Eve? • “Did God really say”? • Now God invades Satan’s territory • How did Jesus answer each temptation?
First temptation • What was the first temptation? • Where is the lie in this temptation? • “If you are the Son of God” • God does not need to eat • Is this temptation really about gluttony? • It’s about self-sacrifice, obedience, focus • What does Jesus’ answer to Satan mean? • Depend upon God; He satisfies completely • Jesus is “Word of God” and “bread from Heaven” • How does Jesus do better than the children of Israel? • It’s not all about food for the stomach
First temptation • 12“All things are lawful for me,” but not all things are helpful. “All things are lawful for me,”[e] but I will not be enslaved by anything. 13 “Food is meant for the stomach and the stomach for food”—and God will destroy both one and the other. The body is not meant for immorality, but for the Lord, and the Lord for the body. 14 And God raised the Lord and will also raise us up by his power. (1 Cor 6.12-14)
Second temptation • What is the second temptation? • Where is the lie in this temptation? • The angels will catch God? • Misuse of Scripture to tempt/try/test God • What is this temptation really about? • Faith, trust • Avoiding suffering • What was the devil implying about Jesus’ suffering? • Jesus need not suffer; suffering is meaningless • What is Jesus’ answer to Satan?
Third temptation • What was the third temptation? • Where is the lie in this temptation? • Does the devil really have anything to give? • Does Jesus not have all authority on earth? • Is the temptation really about riches? • Turning from His Father • Doing His own will, not the Father’s will • His kingdom is of this world • What is Jesus’ answer to Satan?
Temptations • What was the overriding idea behind all three temptations? • Jesus doesn’t need to suffer for sins; no need for the cross • Not be who Jesus really is • Do the disciples tempt Jesus just as the devil did? • Read Matthew 16.21-23 • What is Peter afraid of? • What is Peter’s “fallen” logic?
Temptations • What was the temptation in the Garden? • Matthew 26.36-46 • What is Jesus’ response? • How does Pilate tempt Jesus? • Read John 18.33-40; 19.6-11 • What is Pilate afraid of? • What does Jesus understand about his mission that the devil, Peter and others do not?
Temptations • What are the two ways the devil tempts people • Lie; deception • Fear • Fear of death • What is the consequence of surrendering to the devil? • Why is it called “mortal sin”? • Examples: Judas, Peter • How do we follow Jesus through temptation? • Read Matthew 16.24-28; Read Matthew 26.39
Due tomorrow • Read 124-130 • Workbook 11-12
Transfiguration • What is the Transfiguration of Jesus? • Read Luke 9.28-36 • Who are the main characters? • Why Moses and Elijah? • What did they talk with Jesus about? • See also Luke 9.22-25 • Where is the Trinity in this story? • How is this episode similar to the episode about Jesus’ baptism? • What does this story show you about you?
Transfiguration • What does it mean that Jesus “glowed”? • When is another time when Jesus is what as light or “glows”? • What was the reaction of the disciples? • Why were they scared? • In the Transfiguration, Jesus manifests His divinity. Is this common in the Gospels? • Generally, Jesus’ divinity is veiled by His humanity • He “hides” His glory so that we are not overwhelmed
Jesus’ glory • Why do you think Jesus did not “glow” or show His glory or divinity to others? • Is Jesus here to “wow” us into believing in Him? • Does He simply want to be our super hero? • How did Jesus attract people without “glowing”? • “20 And he closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant, and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him. 21 And he began to say to them, “Today this scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.” 22 And all spoke well of him, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth” (Lk 4)
Jesus’ Glory • The Transfiguration is about Jesus showing His glory. • What is the ultimate sign of Christ’s glory? • A few weeks before His arrest, Jesus said, “The hour has come for the Son of man to be glorified.” To what is Jesus referring? • On the night He gave the Last Supper, Jesus said, “Now is the Son of man glorified, and in him God is glorified.” (Jn 13.31)
God’s Glory in You • How does Jesus veil His divinity in the Sacraments? • Why? • If we saw the “fire” that God is when we receive the Sacraments, we would not baptize our children or receive the Eucharist. • What do we receive in the Eucharist? • Body & Blood, Soul & Divinity • What does this mean for us? • Does God really live in us?
God’s glory in you • The Eucharist creates an intimate union in your soul. The Lord actually lives or dwells in you. • 23Jesus said “If a man loves me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him.”
Assignment • Study Questions 14-21 • Won’t collect this until Monday. So, Edgar, you can now do a really good job (and actually get it done!) • Read 131-138 • Workbook 13-17
new commandment • What does God’s glory in you look like? How does it act? • Read John 15.1-14 • What analogy does Jesus use talk about His glory living in you? • What “fruit” does His glory in you produce? • What is “my commandment”? • How is it manifested? • What example does Jesus give of the “new commandment?” • Read John 13.1-15
New commandment • The “new commandment” is really the old commandment, summarized in one word. What is that one word? • Jesus said, “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; even as I have loved you, that you also love one another. By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.”
New commandment • Jesus never asks us to do what He has not already done for us. • Where do you see the “new commandment” in Jesus’ life? • Does “lay down his life for his friends” refer to only one event in Jesus’ life? • Jesus never asks us to do something without giving us the grace to do it. • Where does Jesus give us the grace to fulfill the “new commandment”?
The last supper • How was the Last Supper an anticipation of Christ’s Passion? • What is the same in both? • Why is the Eucharist God’s greatest gift to his Church and mankind? • What is the Eucharist? • Why is the Eucharist’s gift the greatest gift? • Recall John 15.1-14. What does the Eucharist give us the grace to do?
Agony in the garden • Read Matthew 26.36-46 • Context (day, time, before/after) • What is the “Agony in the Garden”? • What does Jesus do there? • What do the disciples do? • What happens physically to Jesus? Why? • First Sorrowful Mystery • Why is Jesus in agony in the Garden? • “He Himself knew what was in man” • What did Jesus pray for?
Agony in the garden • What was “The Last Temptation”? • What does Jesus’ acceptance of the “cup” signify? • How do we avoid temptation to shrink from taking up our cross (mortification of the flesh)? • “Watch and pray”
Suffering servant • Why is it appropriate to refer to Christ as a Suffering Servant? • In what ways did Jesus suffer? • Physically • Psychologically • Morally • Read the following. Find the words that indicate the ways Jesus suffered.
Suffering Servant I am a worm and no man; scorned by men and despised by the people. All who see me mock at me. I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of join; my heart is like wax. I can count all my bones—they stare and gloat over me. He was despised and rejected by men; a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; and as one from whom men hide their faces. He was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities. He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth.
Suffering servant • Why did Jesus suffer? • Consider these words: “No one takes [my life] from me, but I lay it down of my own accord.” • What do these words imply? • Free choice to suffer • Control on when He will suffer • How does Jesus show solidarity with those who are tempted? With those who suffer? • How do we “offer up” our suffering to Jesus?
Jesus’ Holy Week • Overview • Jesus enters on Sunday • Jesus teaches on Monday & Tuesday • Judas makes the deal to betray on Wednesday (Tuesday night) • Wednesday – Silent Day • Last Supper on Thursday • Good Friday begins Thursday night and ends with Jesus’ crucifixion • Holy Saturday: Jesus descends to hell • Jesus rises on Sunday
Jesus’ Holy Week • HOLY FRIDAY (Good Friday) • Matthew 26 & 27; Mark 14 & 15; Luke 22 & 23; John 18 & 19 • Overview • Begins on Thursday when the sun goes down (6 p.m.) and ends on Friday at the same time (6 p.m.)
Jesus’ Holy Week • GOOD FRIDAY TIMELINE • 6-9 p.m. • In the Upper Room • Jesus • eats meal with the twelve • washes disciples’ feet • Names Judas as betrayer • Institutes Eucharist (Lord’s Supper) • Judas departs • Foretells Peter’s betrayal • Preaches lengthy homily (Jn 14-16) • Ends with prayer and hymn (Jn 17)
Jesus’ Holy Week • GOOD FRIDAY TIMELINE • 9-11 p.m. • In the Garden of Gethsemane • Jesus • prays • is betrayed by Judas • heals ear which Peter cut off • arrested by Sanhedrin guards and taken to house of High Priest for trial
Jesus’ Holy Week • GOOD FRIDAY TIMELINE • Midnight to 6 a.m. • At the temple (High Priest’s house) • First Trial (ecclesiastical trial) • Judge: • First: Annas while Sanhedrin gathers • Official: Caiphas& Sanhedrin • Charge: False Prophet, Blasphemy • Jesus claims to be God • Jesus’ Answer • Verdict: Guilty • Punishment: Death by stoning
Jesus’ Holy Week • GOOD FRIDAY • Other Items during the Temple Trial • Jesus is condemned and abused • Peter denies/betrays Jesus • Judas hangs himself
Jesus’ Holy Week • GOOD FRIDAY TIMELINE • 6-8 a.m. • At the Praetorium (Pilate’s Palace) • Second Trial (State) • Judge: Pontius Pilate (governor) • Charge: Treason • Jesus’ Answer • Verdict • Not Guilty by Pilate • Not Guilty by Herod • Punishment: Scourging • Punishment: Crucifixion