AFRICA: The Dark Continent. European Colonialism. Africa in 1914 was almost entirely controlled by European colonial powers, which had raced one another to acquire territory in the so-called "Scramble for Africa." Only Ethiopia and Liberia remained independent countries.
Africa in 1914 was almost entirely controlled by European colonial powers, which had raced one another to acquire territory in the so-called "Scramble for Africa." Only Ethiopia and Liberia remained independent countries.
King Leopold II of Belgium commissioned the explorer Henry Stanley to secure agreements from the tribes who inhabited the Kongo Basin in Africa. Stanley did so through a combination of promises, threats and trickery. One of his methods when meeting a new chief, was to attach a buzzer to his hand which was linked to a battery. When the chief shook hands with Stanley he got a mild electric shock. This device convinced the chiefs that Stanley had superhuman powers. The agreements allowed the Belgians into the Congo to take its rich natural resources. At the Berlin Conference of 1884, the European powers met to carve up Africa. Leopold called Africa "that magnificent African cake." From this beginning, the Kongo Basin became the Congo Free State, 900,000 square miles, in essence the private estate of Leopold.
Henry StanleySir Henry Morton StanleyBorn John Rowlands (28 January 1841 – 10 May 1904),He was a Welsh journalist and explorer famous for his exploration of Africa and his search for David Livingstone. Stanley is often remembered for the words uttered to Livingstone upon finding him: "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?”
Undated photograph of Henry Morton Stanley with Kalulu, the African boy he “adopted” as his gun bearer and servant. In 1877 Stanley christened the site of the boy’s death on the Congo River “Kalulu Falls”. It remains one of the few Stanley place-names that has not been changed. [Archives of Charles Scribner’s Sons, Manuscripts Division]
Livingstone completely lost contact with the outside world for six years and was ill for most of the last four years of his life. Only one of his 44 letter dispatches made it to Zanzibar. Henry Morton Stanley, who had been sent to find him by the New York Herald newspaper in 1869, found Livingstone in the town of Ujiji on the shores of Lake Tanganyika on 27 October 1871, greeting him with the now famous words "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" to which he responded "Yes, and I feel thankful that I am here to welcome you."
David Livingstone died in that area in Chief Chitambo's village at Ilala southeast of Lake Bangweulu in Zambia, on 1 May 1873 from malaria and internal bleeding caused by dysentery. He took his final breaths while kneeling in prayer at his bedside. Britain wanted the body to give it a proper ceremony, but the tribe would not give his body to them. Finally they relented, but cut the heart out and put a note on the body that said, "You can have his body, but his heart belongs in Africa!" Livingstone's heart was buried under a Mvula tree near the spot where he died, now the site of the Livingstone Memorial. His body together with his journal was carried over a thousand miles by his loyal attendants Chuma and Susi, and was returned to Britain for burial. After laying in state at No.1 Saville Row - then the headquarters of the Royal Geographic Society, now the home of bespoke tailors Gieves & Hawkes - he is buried in Westminster Abbey.
Imperialism is the process of extending power & authority of a nation through the attainment of territories and/or the obtaining of political and economical supremacy of territories .
Imperialism is the name for the colonial expansion used by European nation-states and eventually Japan and the United States, for basically conquering the "uncivilized" parts of the world for economic benefit.
During the 1800’s, imperialism “used” people from weaker countries for their labor and resources.
The European countries mainly colonized due to the Industrial Revolution and the necessity for raw materials.
Also if a country was prospering economically and came under a larger country's control, then all those profits would belong to the parent country.