Adjective clauses A Type of Subordinate (Dependent) Clause
Adjective Clause • A subordinate clause that functions as an adjective. • It modifies a noun or pronoun.
The trumpet player, who wears a tuxedo, stands in front. • What noun does this adjective clause modify?
The trumpet that she bought sounds magnificent. • What noun does this adjective clause modify?
Adjective clauses usually follow the word they modify. • They usually begin with an introductory word called a relative pronoun or a relative adverb.
Relative Pronouns… just a few • That • What • Where • Which • Who • Whoever • Whom • Whose
Relative Adverbs….just a few • Where • When • Why
Sometimes, these introductory words are omitted. • The sentences below make sense with or without the bracketed words. • Where is the music [that] I brought? • Rafael is the guitarist [whom] you will accompany on the trumpet.
Editing Tip!!! • Place the adjective clause right next to the word it modifies. Incorrect -The book is a bestseller that I’m reading now. Correct -The book that I’m reading now is a bestseller.