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Other Social Movements

Other Social Movements

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Other Social Movements

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  1. Other Social Movements Chapter 30

  2. The Women’s Movement • Feminism grew out of civil rights movement • 50’s stereotypes; discrimination; reluctant to train • Legal tool – Civil Rights Act of 1964 (title VII) • Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique • NOW – Nat’l Organization for Women • 1970’s – slow but steady progress • Roe v. Wade • ERA – failed to pass • Opposition – Phyllis Schlafly

  3. Ethnic Minorities Seek Equality • Latino population increased 60’s and 70’s • Mexican movement (Chicano) most active • Caesar Chavez helped migrant farm workers • UFW – United Farm Workers • Asian Americans – compensation for WWII • JACL – Japanese American Citizens League • 1959- Hawaii granted statehood – helped self image

  4. Native American Struggles • Much suffering on reservations for years • White society viewed them as one group • Land claims a key issue • AIM– American Indian Movement – autonomy • Standoffs w/gov’t. – Alcatraz; Wounded Knee 1973 (site of Sioux massacre in 1890) • Gradual legislation giving control over education, land, water rights, etc.

  5. The Environmental Movement • Roots in progressive era (T.Roosevelt) • Rachel Carson – wrote about chemicals in air/water, DDT, human responsibility to care for env. • Nuclear concerns – NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Comm.) • Earth Day – April 22, 1970 • EPA – Environmental Protection Agency • Clean Air Act/Clean Water Act • Conflicts with big business • Consumer movement – Ralph Nader – Unsafe at Any Speed, auto industry dangers