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Report of the UN S&T Cluster10th UN RCMAddis Ababa, November, 2009 Dr Shamila Nair-Bedouelle Chef of Section, AU/CPA Implementation Division for Science Policies and Sustainable Development, Natural Sciences Sector, email@example.com
OUTLINE • Introduction- S&T and Africa’s Development • The Cluster System of the RCM • Cluster business plan (joint inter agency activities) • Modalities of work • Terms of reference (TOR) • Achievements, Results and Impacts • Challenges and Constraints • Lessons Learned and the Way Forward
Consolidated Plan of Action AU Summit, Jan 2007 • The Plan is built on three interrelated conceptual pillars: • capacity building • knowledge production, and • technological innovation • Addis Declaration on S&T and Scientific Research for Development, called upon UNESCO to assist in implementation of the CPA
S&T and Africa’s Development • Members of the S&T Cluster include UNESCO, UNECA, WIPO, UNIDO, UNCTAD, FAO, UNEP, ILO, WHO, UNDP, UNU-MERIT, IAEA • Science and Technology play a vital role for addressing Africa’s most pressing needs (MDG’s, Food Security, Energy, Industries, etc.) • Increased efforts by African Communities (AU, Ministers and Scientists) to harness S&T for Development • 2009 AU Summit endorsed the African Science, Technology and Innovation Observatory
Accountability-StructuralSystemic Issues • 4th Cluster, 4 Sept 2009, Geneva • Participation of AU/NEPAD and Chair of AMCOST • All Agencies participation in ACST: Abuja 2008 Bujumbura 2009 • UNESCO participation in AMCOST Steering Committee/Bureau Abuja 2008 Bujumbura 2009
Coordination/Collaboration • Secretariat: Coordinator, UNESCO, Paris • Cluster web site @UNESCO • AU/NEPAD and RECs invited to regional meetings of Cluster members • Need framework for overall monitoring/evaluation of on-going S&T capacity-building activities
Achievements, Results and Impacts • Promoting innovation • Science, technology and innovation policy • Other activities in support of the AU/CPA
CPA Science Policy Programmesrequests • Creating institutional & policy arrangements to mobilize and share their resources to conduct science and generate technological innovations • Building a critical mass of science policy advisors to African governments and the policy sector • Build and disseminate information and experiences on science, technology and innovation policies
Promoting Innovation • UNIDO establishing university chairs of innovation in African universities, and implementing the « Africa Technology and Innovation Initiative » (CAMI) • UNECA launched the African Science, Technology and Innovation Endowment Funds and the Development of the African Innovation Framework (African Ministers of Finance) • Strengthening links between science and business: • UNESCO’s University-Industry-Science Partnership • The African Science to Business Challenge, UNECA • Technology Parks and Incubators in Africa”, UNIDO, UNESCO • UNU-MERIT GLOBELICS program: building competence in innovation, how to measure “innovation” • WIPO-Technical advice for national IP audits; IP and technology management; IP patent drafting; IP and knowledge transfer
Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy • UNEP support to African Ministerial Council on the Environment, African Environmental Outlook for Policymakers • To date 20 African countries have made requests to UNESCO for assistance with the review / reformulation of their STI policy via governments and Heads of State • UNESCO implemented in collaboration with AUC and AU/NEPAD and planned joint activities with UNIDO,WIPO, UNECA and UNU-MERIT
Challenges and Constraints • Role of ACST versus UN Cluster and the AUC/HRST • Role of AMCOST, ADB and MS in awareness raising • Coordination of diversity of actors in S&T development in Africa • Need for synergies, collaboration and communication between CPA implementers and facilitators • Harmonization in implementation of evidence based policy making • Harmonization of data collection and analyses- R&D indicator surveys led by AU/NEPAD
Challenges and Constraints • Identification of joint “inter-agency” activities • - mandates • - programming cycle • - funding • - reporting • Mainstreaming joint activities in Science, Technology and Innovation into • ONE UN and UNDAF priorities
Joint Activities • Participation in activities related to supporting the AUC and the implementation of CPA (UNESCO, WIPO, UNIDO and UNECA) • All Agencies to assist UNECA for follow-up to “Science with Africa” • UNESCO and other Agencies - policy reviews • Collaboration - UNIDO and UNESCO, for Issues of S&T and Industrialization (Techno parks, incubators etc.)
Way forward • Identification of joint “inter-agency” initiatives • African Innovation Endowment Fund, follow up to SwA, 2008, UNECA • Harmonization of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy reviews, « holistic » reviews (IP, innovation), UNESCO • « Evaluation of the CPA- 5 years on »- proposed by current AMCOST-Chair, UNECA, UNESCO, WIPO, UNIDO • »STI and its contribution to the MDG’s » UNESCO/UNECA/AMCOST/AUC • « unlocking the potential of science, technology and innovation to achieve the MDGs in Rwanda »