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Guided Reading Activity Answers The War At Home – Section One
The role of women The role of women in the military was much more limited then than now, yet hundreds of thousands of women served their country. Often, they performed secretarial or nursing work; however, some Women’s Army Corps members flew non-combat missions and even trained men how to fly.
The Role of the war Production Board The War Production Board was set up to help the transition to a “War Economy” – one designed to produce war materials. They set goals for production and encouraged companies to change their methods to facilitate production – opening opportunities for women and minority candidates in the war materials industries. Industrial production doubled in America almost immediately, and unemployment dropped to zero – ending the Great Depression.
Victory Gardens and War BOnds As in World War I, during World War II, Americans planted VICTORY GARDENS and purchased WAR BONDS to support the war effort.
RATIONING – THE ACT OF SETTING LIMITS ON THE AMOUNT OF SCARCE GOODS WHICH PEOPLE CAN BUY. During World War II, the United States sought to ration goods which were of significance to soldiers on the front lines. rationing
coffee sugar Rationed goods, World War II
Meat shoes Rationed goods, World War II
gasoline tires Rationed goods, World war II
Rosie “the Riveter” Women held many non-traditional jobs during World War II: • Welding • Blast Furnaces • Police Officers • Bus Drivers • Gas Station Attendants • Shipyard Workers