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Chapter 18 Section 2 Notes The Home Front. At home the people were having to make sacrifices because of rationing. They were constantly bombarded with propaganda to keep their morale high. Encouraging Patriotism Blue Star/Gold Star- emblems in window- gold means dead

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chapter 18 section 2 notes the home front

Chapter 18 Section 2 NotesThe Home Front

At home the people were having to make sacrifices because of rationing. They were constantly bombarded with propaganda to keep their morale high.

Encouraging Patriotism

Blue Star/Gold Star- emblems in window- gold means dead

Movies, songs, radio- urged full participation in the war effort\

Movie stars helped sell war bonds and traveled to entertain troops

Foreign correspondents reported about the war

Radio stations abandoned spy and sabotage programs and some sound effects (sirens)

**The Office of War Information controlled the flow of information at home

life during wartime
Life During Wartime

Americans at home changed their habits due to the demands the war placed on them and to help the war effort

  • Victory Gardens- many Americans plowed up their yards to grow their own food
  • West Coast Cities imposed blackouts
  • Broadway and musicals showed the lighter side of war
  • By choice or gov’t decree Americans cut back on consumption and certain activities to help the war effort
  • Music was more realistic- “Praise the Lord and Pass the Ammunition
  • Paperbacks and nonfiction became the best sellers
rosie the riveter
Rosie the Riveter

The life of women changed dramatically during WW2.

During the Great Depression women were encouraged NOT to work. Now doing “men’s” work became patriotic.

One of the main symbols of this was Rosie the Riveter.

6,000,000 more women entered the workforce and many women changed jobs from traditional women’s work to the higher paid war work.

Many women gained new self-pride, self-worth and independence because of this

discrimination during the war
Discrimination During the War

*Racial tensions did not disappear during the war but the gov’t had to try and reduce it in the war industries*

  • Many African Am’s moved into better paying jobs
  • 1,000,000 served in the armed forces
  • Served in segregated units often low-level work
  • Many war plants wouldn’t hire them- or as janitors
  • White workers staged “hate strikes”
fighting discrimination
Fighting Discrimination
  • Philip Randolph- (1941) Planned a march on DC to protest the discrimination. FDR feared unrest and met with Randolph
  • FDR issued an executive order forbidding racialdiscrimination
  • FDR created the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC) to investigate companies to make sure his order was followed- not always followed- poor enforcement powers
  • Competition for housing in crowded cities caused tensions- 1943 in Detroit 34 people died in riots that before bein g put down by federal troops
zoot mexican americans and ww2
Zoot-Mexican Americans and WW2

WW2 was a real mixed-bag for Mexican Americans

Good:

  • 300,000 served in the armed forces- 17 MOH
  • Many Mexican Americans found good jobs-MW/WC
  • Thousands of braceros came to the SW to work

Bad:

  • Discrimination in hiring and promotion

Carlos E. Castaneda- U of Texas professor worked with the FEPC to discontinue discriminatory practices

zoot suit riots
Zoot-Suit Riots

Racial tensions reached their highest in LA in what became known as the Zoot- Suit Riots

Sailors started attacking Mexican American youth and the police and media unfairly covered it. An inquiry eventually placed the blame on prejudice by the police, media and sailors. LA was off-limits to sailors for weeks

japanese american relocation internment
Japanese American Relocation“Internment”

Internment was one of the most blatant denial of rights in WW2. Japanese Americans on the West Coast were forcibly relocated to camps in WY,UT etc

  • 119,000 relocated
  • Issei- 1st generation were not allowed to be citizens
  • Nisei- 2nd generation were citizens
  • No evidence of disloyalty was ever found
  • Hawaiian Japanese Americans were put under martial law
  • Thousand of Japanese Americans served heroically in WW2
    • 442nd in Europe and interpreters in the Pacific theater
case study
Case Study

Norman Mineta

  • Nisei
  • 10 years old when interned- wore his Boy Scouts uniform- to show loyalty
  • Successful life-
    • HOR from 1974 to 1995
    • Introduced reparations legislation- successful
    • Secretary of Commerce