The Victorian Era Culture Society Attitudes and Values Leisure
After the Rebellions of 1837 • Rush of Immigration • Most new immigrants were British Isles • Made the French a smaller minority
1841 Act of Union Unified Upper and Lower Canada into The Province of Canada • English the Official Language • Canada East and Canada West in Government
Who Were the Victorians? They were British Decedents who shared the values of those back in Britain • Shared values, styles, activities, prejudices • Proud of Britain’s empire • Did not want a multicultural society!
Quality of Life • Social Class determined a person’s quality of life • Social class and standing determined by father’s job • Middle Class were wealthy people yet not aristocrats
Class Based Society Middle Class Poor • Usually English • Lived in big, fancy homes • Had servants • Life was easy • The rich get richer • Immigrants- Scottish and Irish • 1-2 bedroom homes • Worked long hours 6 days a week • Not paid well • No vacations • No employment insurance • No health care
Religion in the Colonies • Christianity was the official religion French/ Irish- Catholic Scottish-Presbyterian Upper and Middle Class (English) Anglican Small Jewish Population
Why was Religion Important to Colonists? • The church was an extension of the community- very close! • Involved in: • Social events • Charities • Education • Missionary work
Victorian Attitudes and Values • Stressed hard work and personal success • Valued modesty, manners, wealth, and duty • Proud of the British Empire • Strong Navy
Materialistic • Valuing material possessions and physical comfort above all else -spent money on fashion and homes • Like the real housewives but much more modest!
Leisure Activities • Games • Billiard halls • Whist (4 person card game) • Checkers • Shows • Circus • Concerts • Medicine Shows • dances • Sports • Bare-knuckle boxing • Swimming for fun • Bear baiting
Leisure Travel • Expanded after 1850 because: • Infrastructure grew • Railways and steamships developed Trains popular because: • Cheap tickets • All classes could afford it
Media • The Newspaper was the only media in Victorian Canada • By 1800 every town had at least 1 newspaper • Used by politicians • Advertised products
Newspapers different from today! • No: • Sports Section- except boxing and horse racing • Personal Ads • Comics • Photos