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CAHSEE ELA Prep. Lesson 3 Figurative Language Denotation and Connotation. Warm Up: Write a list of ten words about this image. Be ready to share two or three with the class. .

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cahsee ela prep

CAHSEE ELA Prep

Lesson 3

Figurative Language

Denotation and Connotation

warm up write a list of ten words about this image be ready to share two or three with the class
Warm Up:Write a list of ten words about this image. Be ready to share two or three with the class.

After five minutes, teacher should solicit student responses and write words on white board or butcher paper. Put words in two groups: #1 Denotation (words that describe what is literally in the image) and #2 Connotation (words that describe what the image alludes to or suggests but that are not literally in the image. Ask students what they notice about the kinds of words in each group.

words w ork l ike i mages they both communicate information which we call
Words work like imagesThey both communicate information which we call

Like words, the image you wrote about has two types of meaning:

“meaning”

Group #1 Denotative meaning

And

Group #2 Connotative meaning

denotation
Denotation

The denotative meaning of a word is its literal meaning – it’s what the word directly represents or means.

The words in group #1 denote the objects in the image. They tell what is literally or actually in the image.

Teacher should discuss student examples from group #1 and explain that these are literally in the image. The point is to make clear the direct relationship between image or word and denotative meaning.

connotation
Connotation

The connotative meaning of a word is the feelings or ideas it evokes – it’s what a word indirectly makes you think or feel.

The words in group #2 connote feelings or ideas that you can’t see. They tell what is implied by, but not literally in the image.

Teacher should discuss student examples from group #2 and explain that these are not literally in the image. The point is to make clear the indirect relationship between image or word and connotative meaning.

you use denotation and connotation all the time without realizing it
You Use Denotation and Connotation All The Time Without Realizing it

Example:

If you say, “Don’t trip” to someone who is getting upset you are using connotation.

Explanation:

“Trip” directlydenotes falling down or stumbling.

“Trip” also indirectlyconnotes losing control of yourself because when you fall down you are out of control.

So finally, “trip” connotes losing control of your emotions.

here s what t his m ight l ook l ike in a d iagram
Here’s what this might look likein adiagram

Trip

Fall

Stumble

Lose control of your body

Lose control of your emotions

so connotation helps us arrive at other indirect meanings of images words and phrases
So, connotation helps us arrive at other, indirect meanings of images, words, and phrases

Consider the phrase “…a world of hurt.”

As in, “If you don’t study, you’re going to be in a world of hurt.”

Take two minutes, turn to your neighbor and explain what you think this means. Try to explain how you get to that meaning (denotation -> connotation -> connotation). Be ready to share with the rest of the class.

Teacher should facilitate students’ sharing back as a class in order to reveal the chain of meaning from denotative to connotative (planet of pain to very bad place or situation and suffering).

when we use words in this indirect way it is called figurative language
When we use words in this indirect way, it is called figurative language

One last thing:

Figurative language may have positive or negative connotation (indirect meaning).

Connotations that make something sound good are positive.

Teacher should solicit responses from students

and write them on white board under the heading “Fancy - positive connotations”

For example:

The word “fancy” has positive connotations like fine, luxurious…

Can you think of any others?

slide10

connotations that make something sound bad

are negative.

On the other hand,

For example:

The word “expensive” has negative connotations like over-priced or not affordable.

Teacher should solicit responses from students

and write them on white board under the heading “Expensive - negative connotations.”

Can you think of any other negative connotations?

consider the sentences below
Consider the sentences below

1) “My sister wants to buy a fancy car.”

2) “My sister wants to buy an expensive car.”

Discuss with your neighbor what each sentence connotes, and why. Be ready to share with the class.

Teacher should facilitate partner and class discussion. Be sure to point out the distinct connotations of these denotatively similar words.

So you see how two words can have very different connotations, even when they denote similar things.

let s try a sample cahsee question
Let’s try a sample CAHSEE question

Open your CAHSEE prep binders to page 202.

Take three minutes to silently read the passage from “A Surprise.”

Read the question that follows and be prepared to share your answer and rational (reasons for choosing) with the rest of the class.

what was your answer to the question what does the phrase buried under a mountain of work mean
What was your answer to the question, “what does the phrase buried under a mountain of work mean?”

Raise your hand if you chose answer:

  • Avoiding his studying
  • B. Beneath a pile of books that fell on him

Teacher should go through each answer as they are revealed and voted on, suggesting key rational for eliminating answers a-c (context clues, denotative vs. connotative interpretation, etc).

  • C. Skipping classes in order to study
  • D. Overwhelmingly busy
quick review
Quick Review
  • Literal or direct meaning

What is denotative meaning?

What is connotative meaning?

  • Indirect meaning

What is figurative language?

  • Using language to communicate meaning indirectly, as with connotation

What is positive connotation?

  • Connotations that make something sound good

What is negative connotation?

- Connotations that make something sound bad

exit slip
Exit Slip

Your exit slip tasks for today are:

  • Read and complete problems 1-3 in your CAHSEE binder beginning on page 203.

And…

  • Complete the positive and negative connotation chart on page 205, using the

words in the Word Box at the bottom of the page.