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“Home”… A Necessary Ingredient for a “Good Life”. Presented by: Gail Fanjoy, Executive Director, KFI 1024 Central St., Suite A, Millinocket, ME 04462 gfanjoy@kfimaine.org. KFI. Providing personalized supports which enable people to:. Live in their own homes

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home a necessary ingredient for a good life
“Home”…A Necessary Ingredient for a “Good Life”

Presented by: Gail Fanjoy, Executive Director, KFI

1024 Central St., Suite A, Millinocket, ME 04462


Live in their own homes

Work in regular community businesses

Be members and contributors of their communities

what kfi looked like 30 years ago
Segregated Special Purpose School

Sheltered Workshop

Segregated Day Program

Foster Homes or Living With Family

Everyone Transported To One Location

Agency Owned and Operated Vans

Services Provided In KFI Owned Buildings


What KFI Looked Like 30 Years Ago:
questions from the early 80 s
Questions fromthe early 80’s:
  • Is there anyone anywhere doing anything better
  • Why can’t we do that
kfi today
Public School Education

Real Jobs In Businesses for Real Wages

Contribute to Community Life through Volunteerism and Membership

Support Individuals to Live In Their Own Apartments or Homes (including home ownership)

Services In the Individual’s Community

Public Transportation Or Staff’s/Own Vehicle

No Services Provided Within Space Owned by KFI


KFI Today…

“Finding and securing a home that is not agency-owned or agency operated and then providing the flexible supports that people need to live successfully in the community.”

Taylor, Racino & Lutfiyya (1987)

“people with disabilities living where and with whom they want, for as long as they want, with whatever support necessary to make that choice possible.”

Bellamy and Horner (1987)

questions we asked ourselves
Questions we asked ourselves:
  • Why do people with disabilities go to day programs?
  • Why do people have to leave their homes during the day? Is that really home?
  • What should we look for in staff? People who are already connected to the community?
  • Who else in the community can/should do what we do?
  • Who (what people) can we begin with?
  • How can families help?
  • Where are there opportunities to implement the vision?
  • If it was my life, what would I want?
they ve got the dollars

They’ve got the dollars

We’ve got the sense.

Why apartments are better than galvanized washtubs.


If a person had the right kind and amount of supports, would he/she need to go to a day program, work in a sheltered workshop, or live in a group home?How do we build those supports?

  • Lesson:
    • Help the community to see beyond the person’s disability by supporting people to be regular participants in typical ways. That is where friendships can begin.
    • Strategies:
    • Introduce people individually into community settings by accessing regular resources (stores, clubs, etc.)
    • Work in a state of positive discontent and with a sense of urgency.
    • Life happens; change is inevitable; embrace it!
robert s story special education perspective
Robert’s Story - Special Education Perspective
  • Acts out
  • Disruptive
  • Hostile
  • Significantly limited “adjustive resources”
  • Difficulty making appropriate choices
  • Impulsive
  • Does not appear to be in a position to make meaningful decisions
  • Great difficulty expressing himself
  • Unable to problem solve
  • Misinterprets conversations
  • Behavioral problems
  • Clearly indicates a need for guardianship
robert s story his perspective

Robert’s Story - His Perspective

Wants his own home (NOT an apartment) – a one story home with at least two bedrooms near the woods

Wants a job – something working around cars

Wants a red truck

Wants a woman – someone who can clean and hang curtains

courtney s story
Courtney’s Story
  • Graduated from high school last June.
  • Is an Avon distributor.
  • Owns her own home.
  • Enjoys hanging out with her friends.
  • Volunteers in her community.
  • Has her own credit card and checking account and is building excellent credit.
courtney s labels
Courtney’s Labels
  • Profound cognitive impairment
  • Autistic disorder
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Seizure disorder
  • Static encephalopathy
  • Ataxia with low tone
  • Nonverbal
  • Does not have self-protective reflexes
  • No reliable communication system
marie s challenge to kfi
Marie’s Challenge to KFI
  • Had been institutionalized since the age of 11.
  • Lived in an ICF/MR nursing home for the last 10 or so years.
  • Had been kicked out of her day program for people with challenging behaviors due to challenging behaviors.
  • Was supported by one-to-one aides who worked in 4 hour shifts because her behaviors were so challenging.
  • Was considered extremely self-abusive, failure to thrive, profoundly cognitively disabled.
  • Was given a 30 day notice to leave the ICF/MR nursing home and was on her way to the state’s large institution for people with intellectual disabilities in the closing days of that institution.
somebody has got to do something and it s incredibly pathetic that it has got to be us
“Somebody has got to do something, and it’s incredibly pathetic that it has got to be us.”

Jerry Garcia

  • Lesson:
    • Supporting people – no matter the complexities of their disabilities – to live in their own home and giving them control, can produce miracles.
  • Strategy:
    • “Treatment” took the form of real home, family connections, paying attention to what she showed us she wanted and needed, and less about her behavior and deficits.

HOME…A place where one belongs simply because it is “home”.“On Becoming a Member of the Community” by George DurnerThe Whole Community Catalogue

community is relationships
Community is relationships


-- the real hurdle

KFI, 1024 Central St., Millinocket, ME 04462