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Part 3 War on the Home Front

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  1. Part 3War on the Home Front

  2. How did WWII affect Americans at Home?

  3. V-Mail – Victory Mail

  4. American involvement in World War II brought an end to the Great Depression. Factories and workers were needed to produce goods to win the war.

  5. The war affected every aspect of American life.

  6. Women During WWII • Thousands of American women took jobs in defense plants during the war.

  7. Women did all sorts of jobs previously reserved for men.

  8. Women built air planes to keep the U.S. dominating the sky.

  9. Woman pilots even flew in supplies!

  10. Women worked in factories – making weapons, bullets, jeeps, tanks…you name it!

  11. RIVITING!!!

  12. Rosie the Riveter was a symbol of all American women in the war effort at home.

  13. Link to song below

  14. “Rosie the Riveter” Everyone stops to admire the scene Rosie at work on the B-Nineteen She’s never twittery, nervous or jittery Rosie the Riveter What if she’s smeared full of oil and greaseDoing her bit for the old Lend Lease She keeps the gang around They love to hang around Rosie the Riveter Rosie buys a lot of war bonds That girl really has sense Wishes she could purchase more bonds Putting all her cash into national defense Senator Jones who is “in the know” Shouted these words on the radio Berlin will hear about Moscow will cheer about Rosie the Riveter! While other girls attend their fav’ritecocktail barSipping Martinis, munching caviarThere’s a girl who’s really putting them to shameRosie is her name All the day long whether rain or shineShe’s a part of the assembly lineShe’s making history, working for victoryRosie the RiveterKeeps a sharp lookout for sabotageSitting up there on the fuselageThat little frail can do more than a male will doRosie the Riveter Rosie’s got a boyfriend, CharlieCharlie, he’s a MarineRosie is protecting CharlieWorking overtime on the riveting machineWhen they gave her a production “E”She was as proud as a girl could beThere’s something true aboutRed, white, and blue aboutRosie the Riveter

  15. Home Front War Motto: “Use it up, fix it up, make it do, or do without !!!” Price Controls & Rationing

  16. Americans were asked to make sacrifices to support the war by conserving and rationing resources.

  17. Helping on the “Home Front” • Collecting • Salvage

  18. Using WWII Ration Cards

  19. What did the artist of this poster want to encourage Americans to do?

  20. Growing Victory Gardens

  21. Buying War Bonds What is a “war bond” and why did the U.S. government encourage American to buy them during WWII?

  22. All throughout the United States Americans went to work to do their part to help the Allies to win the war !

  23. Breaking Down Racial Barriers • The need for temporary workers broke down some of the racial barriers.

  24. The U.S. needed everyone’s help. African Americans were hired to work in places like defense plants making war materials, planes, and ships.

  25. Although discriminationcontinued, many African Americans bravely served in the armed forces.

  26. The Tuskegee Airmen

  27. The first African-American fighter pilots in the U.S. Air Force were nicknamed the “Red Tails.” Redtail veterans Thomas Austin, Roy Richardson, and Edward Lunda

  28. Japanese Americans Many Japanese Americans served in the armed forces.

  29. However, many Japanese were treated with distrust and prejudice after the Pearl Harbor attack.

  30. Listen to radio and TV broadcasts

  31. Japanese Internment Camps

  32. Many Japanese Americans many were forced into internment camps.

  33. My Plea Oh God, I pray that I may bear a crossTo set my people free,That I may help to take good-will acrossAn understanding sea. Oh, God, I pray that someday every raceMay stand on equal planeAnd prejudice will find no dwelling placeIn a peace that all may gain. -Written By Mary Matsuzawa, a child of the Japanese Internment Camps.

  34. On August 10, 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed HR442 into law. Three years later, on October 9, 1991, letters of formal apology and checks from the United States government were issued to each of the living survivors of internment.

  35. U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to an Issei* man, 105 years old, Oct. 1990, Seattle, Washington. *Issei refers to the Japanese family members first to immigrate. Their children born in the new country are referred to as Nisei (second generation), and their grandchildren are Sansei (third generation).

  36. This letter written by the 41st president, George H. W. Bush, recognizes that serious injustices were done to Japanese Americans during World War II. Written 45 years after the internment camps closed, President Bush's letter provides an understanding on how the nation's thinking has changed.

  37. Memorial at the site of a Japanese Internment Camp

  38. War on the Home Front Activities

  39. President Roosevelt was a gifted communicator. On January 6, 1941, he addressed Congress, delivering the historic "Four Freedoms" speech. At a time when Western Europe lay under Nazi domination, Roosevelt presented a vision in which the American ideals of individual liberties were extended throughout the world. Alerting Congress and the nation to the necessity of war, Roosevelt articulated the ideological aims of the conflict. Eloquently, he appealed to Americans` most profound beliefs about freedom. The speech so inspired illustrator Norman Rockwell that he created a series of paintings on the "Four Freedoms" theme. In the series, he translated abstract concepts of freedom into four scenes of everyday American life. Although the Government initially rejected Rockwell`s offer to create paintings on the "Four Freedoms" theme, the images were publicly circulated when The Saturday Evening Post, one of the nation`s most popular magazines, commissioned and reproduced the paintings. After winning public approval, the paintings served as the centerpiece of a massive U.S. war bond drive and were put into service to help explain the war`s aims.

  40. THE FOUR FREEDOMS “We look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms. The first is freedom of speech and expression--everywhere in the world. The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way-- everywhere in the world. The third is freedom from want . . . everywhere in the world. The fourth is freedom from fear . . . anywhere in the world.” --President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Message to Congress, January 6, 1941 You can hear this excerpt from President Roosevelt`s address

  41. Save Freedom of SpeechBy Norman Rockwell 1943

  42. Save Freedom of WorshipBy Norman Rockwell1943