Life on the Home FrontWorld War I (1914-1918) Chapter 24, Section 3
Do Now: • What Do You See? • What is the Author Trying to Say? • What Symbolism is Being Used? (What Does it Mean?)
Essential Questions: • What does it mean to have “free” speech?” • Should “free speech” be limited? Why or Why Not? • Is “free speech” necessary for a country to be free?
How is the U.S. Going to Pay for World War I? • U.S. Government Sold War Bonds!!! • Low Interest Loans by CITIZENS to the U.S. Government • Think of U.S. Savings Bonds • Baptism/Communion/ Confirmation/ Bahmitzvahs/Weddings
Selling War Bonds • U.S. Government Officials Held Liberty Loan Drives to Raise $$$ • Propaganda Posters • Hollywood Actors Were Used to Promote the Sale of War Bonds
“Victory Gardens” • U.S. Citizens Were Asked to Grow Gardens at Home • Less Food Would Be Bought At Stores • Extra Food Could Then Be Shipped to the Soldiers in Europe!!!
U.S. Citizens At Home • School Children Rolled Bandages • Collected Tin Cans, Paper, Toothpaste Tubs, Apricot Pits • Women Knitted Socks, Sweaters, Hospital Gowns
Rationing • Citizens Did Not Eat Wheat on Mondays and Wednesdays • No Meat on Tuesdays • No More Pleasure Drives (Save Gas) • Limited Use of Metals and Steel – Needed for the War
Government Control of the Economy • Government Needed to Make Sure They Had Enough Supplies to Win the War • Government Wanted to Make Sure We Win!!! • Government Created 3 National Boards!!!
The War Industries Board • Managed the Buying and Distribution of War Materials • Made Sure the Factories Had Materials Needed for War Supplies • Built New Factories • Set Production Goals
War Industries Board • War Industries Board Also Set Prices of Goods • Because Materials were Scarce, Prices Would Skyrocket Up! (Supply and Demand) • Only the Rich Could Then Buy Goods!
National War Labor Board • Settled Conflicts Between Workers (Labor Unions) and Factory Owners • Made Sure There Were NO Strikes During WWI • Can’t Have a Strike During a War! (No Supplies Would be Made!)
Committee on Public Information • Government Agency That Created Propaganda • Propaganda: Opinions Expressed for the Purpose of Influencing People to Take Action! • Posters, Pamphlets, Movies, Songs, Etc…
Propaganda Created Prejudice: • U.S. Government Wanted to Create Support for WWI • Propaganda Led to Prejudice Against Central Power Countries! • German Americans Faced it the Worst!
Personal Reflection: • Should government’s have the right to create propaganda to influence it’s citizens to take action? • Should businesses have that same right?