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Section Three: The War in the Pacific. Main Idea : In order to defeat Japan and end the war in the Pacific, the United States unleashed a terrible new weapon, the atomic bomb. Why it Matters Now : Countries of the modern world struggle to find ways to prevent the use of nuclear weapons.

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section three the war in the pacific
Section Three: The War in the Pacific

Main Idea: In order to defeat Japan and end the war in the Pacific, the United States unleashed a terrible new weapon, the atomic bomb.

Why it Matters Now: Countries of the modern world struggle to find ways to prevent the use of nuclear weapons.

Key Terms:

Douglas MacArthur

Chester Nimitz

Battle of Midway

Kamikaze

Key Terms:

J. Robert Oppenheimer

Hiroshima

Nagasaki

Nuremberg Trials

section 3 the war in the pacific
SECTION 3: THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC
  • The Americans did not celebrate long, as Japan was busy conquering an empire that dwarfed Hitler’s Third Reich
  • Japan had conquered much of southeast Asia including the Dutch East Indies, Guam, and most of China
battle of the coral sea
BATTLE OF THE CORAL SEA
  • The main Allied forces in the Pacific were Americans and Australians
  • In May 1942 they succeeded in stopping the Japanese drive toward Australia in the five-day Battle of the Coral Sea
the battle of midway
THE BATTLE OF MIDWAY
  • Japan’s next thrust was toward Midway Island – a strategic Island northwest of Hawaii
  • Admiral Chester Nimitz, the Commander of American Naval forces in the Pacific, moved to defend the Island
  • The Americans won a decisive victory as their planes destroyed 4 Japanese aircraft carriers and 250 planes
slide6

The Battle of Midway was a turning point in the war – soon the Allies were island hopping toward Japan

iwo jima
IWO JIMA
  • General MacArthur and the Allies next turned to the Island of Iwo Jima
  • The island was critical to the Allies as a base for an attack on Japan
  • It was called the most heavily defended spot on earth
  • Allied and Japanese forces suffered heavy casualties

American soldiers plant the flag on the Island of Iwo Jima after their victory

kamikaze pilots attack allies
KAMIKAZE PILOTS ATTACK ALLIES
  • Japanese countered by employing a new tactic – Kamikaze (divine wind) attacks
  • Pilots in small bomb-laden planes would crash into Allied ships
  • Why kamikaze? Part of bushido-way of the warrior

In the Battle for the Philippines, 424 Kamikaze pilots sank 16 ships and damaged 80 more

invade japan
INVADE JAPAN?
  • After Okinawa, MacArthur predicted that a Normandy type amphibious invasion of Japan would result in 1,500,000 Allied deaths
  • President Truman saw only one way to avoid an invasion of Japan . . .

Okinawa

The loss of life at Iwo Jima and Okinawa convinced Allied leaders that an invasion of Japan was not the best idea