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Jamestown and Colonial Virginia By Mr. Lin Image Courtesy of http://www.williamsburgprivatetours.com/Voyage-to-Virginia.jpg
Virginia Before the English • American Indians Lived in Virginia • They can be broken down into three language groups. • Algonquian • Iroquoian • Siouan Image Courtesy of http://www.americanindians.com/chippewa-funeral.jpg Image Courtesy of http://statelibrary.dcr.state.nc.us/NC/HISTORY/indian.gif Image Courtesy of http://mal.sbo.hampton.k12.va.us/fourth/socstudies/indianwebquest/Sioux/m1.jpg Image Courtesy of http://www.fortroberdeau.org/photos/images/people/Indians/Indian03.jpg
Algonquian Indians • Location • Lived along the Coastal Plains. • Tribes • Included many tribes • Included the Powhatan Indians • Chief Powhatan had conquered most of the Algonquian tribes by the time the English arrived. • Chief Powhatan’s daughter was Pocahontas • Life: • Fished • Hunted Image Courtesy of http://www.wm.edu/niahd/journals/display_image.php?id=997
Siouan Indians • Location: • Mainly in the Piedmont region. • Tribes: • Made up of many tribes. • Included the Monacan Tribe. • Life: • Gathered food • Hunted and fished in the rivers. Image Courtesy of http://mal.sbo.hampton.k12.va.us/fourth/socstudies/indianwebquest/Sioux/m4.jpg
Iroquoian Indians • Location • Some in Coastal Plains • Most lived near the Appalachian Plateau • Tribes • Many tribes • Most famous were the Cherokee Indians • Life • A lot of farming Image Courtesy of http://www.philaprintshop.com/images/mk9.jpg
First English Settlers • King James I gave a company a charter (or right) to set up a settlement Virginia. • This company was called the Virginia Company of London Image Courtesy of http://www.wjcc.k12.va.us/jr/4thgradewalker/chris_files/image003.jpg
Godspeed, Susan Constance, and Discovery • These three ships landed at Jamestown to settle a new English colony. • Settlers included: • Adventurers: Soldiers, sailors, and men in search of adventure. • Noblemen: wealthy men in search of land and gold. • Indentured Servants: People who could not pay their way across the ocean, so agreed to work as a servant for an agreed amount of time.
Settling Jamestown • Settling Jamestown was not easy • Many noblemen were not used to working. • They simply wanted to find gold! • Instead, the settlers were under attack from Powhatan Indians and the threat of starvation. Image Courtesy of http://www.wm.edu/niahd/journals/display_image.php?id=13302
Starving Time (1609-1610) • Supplies were eaten up, or destroyed by rats. Other supplies simply spoiled. • More and more people came, but there were little supplies. • Indian attacks became more frequent. • In the end, only 60 out of near 400 settlers were still alive! Image Courtesy of http://neveryetmelted.com/wp-images/SusanConstant.jpg
Starving Time Image Courtesy of http://www.historypoint.org/images/historypoint/features/starving_time.jpg
“Our men were destroyed by cruel diseases . . . But for the most part they died of mere famine.” - George Percy
“He who will not work shall not eat.” - Capt. John Smith
Government • By 1618, the Virginia Company of London decided to have some settlers act like representatives to the governor. • House of Burgesses: This was the name of their meeting place. • With the governor, the House of Burgesses could discuss and make some laws. Image Courtesy of http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/graphics/houseofburgesses2.jpg