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Formation and Foundation of Islam. Outline:. What is Islam? What do Muslims believe? (How is Islam practiced) History and origin? Major Regions How wide spread is Islam?. What is Islam?. Islam means submission or surrender to Allah Second largest world religions: 1 in every 5 people

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Formation and Foundation of Islam


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outline
Outline:
  • What is Islam?
  • What do Muslims believe? (How is Islam practiced)
  • History and origin?
  • Major Regions
  • How wide spread is Islam?
what is islam
What is Islam?
  • Islam means submission or surrender to Allah
  • Second largest world religions: 1 in every 5 people
  • Monotheism – like Judaism and Christianity
basic believes muslim creed
Basic believes– Muslim Creed
  • Muslims believe in one God
  • Angels
  • Prophets
  • Revealed Scripture
  • Day of Judgment
  • Jihad – Jihad means struggle (Holy war)
religious practices
Religious practices
  • five pillars of Islam which are duties expected form all Muslim

-Shahadah: Statement of faith (Basic tenet of Islam)

  • Salah: Ritual prayers
  • Zakat: Alms giving
  • Sawm: Fasting during the month of Ramadan
  • Haji: Pilgrimage during the Islamic month
what muslims believe about allah life and after life
What Muslims believe about Allah, life and After life?
  • Allah is One God who is all powerful, and all knowing.
  • He is Creator- first, last and everlasting
  • Man is created to worship Allah
  • Faith and action – Humility, sincerity, patience and love
  • Fear of God
  • Man is equally capable of good and evil
  • Judgment
major groups of islam
Major Groups of Islam
  • Three important groups are recognized
  • Sunnis
  • Shia – slightly different theology (Mohamed Ali the Eleven)
  • Sufis (Mystic)
history of islam
History Of Islam
  • Islam’s developments resulted into major political, economic and military effects within and outside the Muslim world
  • Originated long before Mohamed (Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus)
  • Originated in 7th Century Saudi Arabia
  • Introduced by the prophet Mohamed in 610 AD after he claimed to have had angelic visitations wrote the Quran
history of islam islam by regions
History Of Islam/Islam by Regions
  • Major periods of Islamic history are:
  • Rise of Caliphate and Islamic civil wars (632-750)
  • Golden Age (750-1258)
  • Turkish, Iranian and Indian empires
  • Modern times (1918-present)
  • Africa, South East Asia & Europe
golden age 750 1258
Golden Age (750-1258)
  • A disintegration of the monolithic Arab empire
  • Socio-political advancement
  • Crusades and Mongol rule
turkey
Turkey
  • The Seljuk Turks
  • Ottoman Empire
  • secular state in spite of a 99.8% Islamic population
  • Secularism is being challenged
slide13
Iran
  • Zoroastrian culture
  • Shi a Islam - 16th century (Safavids dynasty)
  • 90% - Shia Islam
india
India
  • Sufism – 12th century
  • Islam is the second most practiced religion
  • Appealing lower castes. (154 M)
  • Pakistan (1947)
modern times 1918 present
Modern times (1918-present)
  • European Colonization
  • Independence, “oil wealth” and Israel
  • Conflicts with western culture
africa
Africa
  • Largest religion- 45%
  • Bantu people
  • Tanzania, Nigeria and cote d’Ivore
south east asia
South East Asia
  • Historically Buddhist
  • Islam introduced by Indian traders
  • co-existed with animist, Hindu, and Buddhist practices
europe
Europe
  • warfare, Islamic explorers and traders
  • Muslim majority communities - Balkan region
  • Minority community -France and U.K.
  • By 2050 1 in 5 Europeans may likely be a Muslim
islam in usa
Islam in USA
  • Fastest growing religion in USA
  • 7 - 10 million Muslims
  • More than 1,200 mosques
  • Gaining most converts in prisons and on university campuses.
  • Majority of American converts to Islam are black (85-90 %)
how widespread is islam
How Widespread is Islam
  • Predominant religion in Africa, Middle East and some parts of Asia
  • China, the Balkan Peninsula and Russia have large communities of Muslims
  • Arab countries – 20%
  • Indian subcontinent – 30%
  • Indonesia – 15.6%
references
References
  • http://www.allied-media.com/AM/
  • http://www.arabicbible.com/christian/islam_in_america.htm
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_the_United_States
  • http://www.answering-islam.org/Shamoun/god.htm
  • http://www.allaboutreligion.org/Origin-Of-Islam.htm
  • http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/places/iran.htm
  • http://history-world.org/islam7.htm
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Europe
  • http://newshopper.sulekha.com/blogs/post/2008/10/what-do-muslims-believe-about-allah.htm
  • http://www.islamicinformation.net/2008/05/how-do-muslims-view-nature-of-man.html