On the authority of Abu 'Abd al-Rahman 'Abdullah bin 'Umar bin al-Khattab, radiyallahu 'anhuma, who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, say: "Islam has been built upon five things - on testifying that there is no god save Allah, and that Muhammad is His Messenger; on performing salah; on giving the zakah; on Hajj to the House; and on fasting during Ramadhan." [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
Nisab The payment of Zakat is obligatory on every adult, free Muslim who owns property to the extent of the prescribed rate called Nisab, provided it remained in his ownership for full one year.
Nisab/Rate of Zakat Amount: 7.5 tolas or 87.48 grams Zakat payable: 2.5% Amount: 52.5 tolas or 612.36 grams Zakat payable: 2.5% Amount: Equivalent to the value of 52.5 tolas of silver Zakat Payable: 2.5%
Produce from Mines Khums or 1/5 or 20% of the produce.
Agriculture Term used: Ushr Irrigated by rain: 1/10 or 10% of the produce Artificially irrigated: 1/20 or 5% of the Produce
Trade Items 2.5% of the total value
For every 40 sheep/goats – 1 sheep/goat • From 121 to 200 – 2 sheep/goat • Then for every 100 – 1 sheep/goat
on 30 to 40 cattle – 1 calf of 1 year • Then on every 40 cattle – a 2 year old calf
3. Those people who are appointed by an Islamic Head of State or government to collect Zakat.
4. Those who have recently accepted Islam and are in need of basic necessities of life.
8. Travellers who may be well to do at home, but are short of basic necessities during their journey.