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Chapter 11

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Chapter 11

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  1. Chapter 11 Parenting Key Terms

  2. Parenting • The raising of a child by its parents. • Transition to parenthood • The period of time from the beginning of pregnancy through the first few months after the birth of a baby.

  3. Oxytocin • A hormone from the pituitary gland during the expulsive stage of labor that has been associated with the onset of maternal behavior in lower animals. • Baby blues • Transitory symptoms of depression twenty-four to forty-eight hours after the baby is born.

  4. Postpartum depression • Believed to be a result of the numerous physiological and psychological changes occurring during pregnancy, labor, and delivery.

  5. Responsiveness • Refers to the extent to which parents respond to and meet the needs of their children. • Demandingness • The manner in which parents place demands on children in regard to expectations and discipline.

  6. Overindulgence • Giving children too much, too soon, too long- it is a form of child neglect where children are not allowed to develop their own competences. • Time out • A noncorporal form of punishment that involves removing the child from a context of reinforcement to a place of isolation for one minute for each year of the child’s age.

  7. Developmental-maturational training approach • Views what children do, think, and feel as being influenced by their genetic inheritance. • Although genes dictate the unfolding of a unique person, every individual passes through the same basic pattern of growth. • This pattern includes four aspects of development: motor behavior, adaptive behavior, language behavior, and personal-social behavior.

  8. Behavioral approach • Also known as the social learning approach, this is based on the work of B. F. Skinner and focuses on conditioning. • Parent effectiveness training • Focuses on what children feel and experience in the here and now—how they see the world.

  9. Socioteleological approach • Because children feel powerless in the face of adult superiority, they try to compensate by gaining attention, exerting power, seeking revenge, and acting inadequate.

  10. Attachment parenting • Dr. William Sears along with his wife, Martha Sears, developed this approach that focuses on parents connecting with their baby.