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Launching the New Nation. Chapter 6.3. Fill in your guided notes. Jefferson Alters the Nation’s Course. 15 States now occupy the territory Jefferson a cquired in the Louisiana Purchase!. Jefferson Wins Presidential Election of 1800.

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launching the new nation

Launching the New Nation

Chapter 6.3

Fill in your guided notes

jefferson alters the nation s course
Jefferson Alters the Nation’s Course

15 States now occupy the territory Jefferson

acquired in the Louisiana Purchase!

jefferson wins presidential election of 1800
Jefferson Wins Presidential Election of 1800
  • Democratic-Republican, Jefferson beats President Adams, but ties running mate Aaron Burr.
  • House of Representatives casts 35 ballots without breaking tie
  • Hamiltonintervenes with Federalists to give Jefferson the victory.
  • Reveals flaw in electoral process; 12thAmendment passed:
    • electors cast separate ballots for president and vice president

Burr was mad at Hamilton… so he SHOT HIM!

simplifying the presidency
Simplifying the Presidency
  • Jefferson replaces some Federalists officials with Democratic-Republicans.
  • Reduces size of armed forces; cuts social expenses of government.
  • Eliminates internal taxes; reduces influence of Bank of the U.S.
  • Favors freetrade over government-controlled trade, tariffs.

What one word would you use to describe Jefferson’s direction?

john marshall the supreme court
John Marshall & the Supreme Court
  • Federalist John Marshall is Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for more than 30 years
  • Adams pushes the Judiciary Act of 1801, adding 16 federal judges
  • Appoints Federalist – midnight judges - on his last day as president
  • Jefferson argues undelivered appointment papers are invalid
marbury v madison
Marbury v. Madison
  • 1803: William Marbury sues to have papers delivered
    • Judiciary Act of 1789 requires Supreme Court order; Marshall rules requirement unconstitutional
  • Judicial Review - Supreme Court able to declare laws unconstitutional
louisiana purchase
Louisiana Purchase

What do we know about the Louisiana Purchase?

Americans were and were wanting to move west.

  • Ohio 1800: 45,000

Ohio 1810: 231,000

  • Louisiana returned to France; Jefferson fears strong French presence in North America
  • James Monroe is sent to help American Ambassador Robert Livingston negotiate.
  • Napoleon decides to sell ALL French territories for $15 mil.
  • Louisiana Purchase more than doubles the size of the United Sates.
  • With a partner, read the section titled ‘The Louisiana Purchase’ from the worksheet (also available in the textbook pg. 201)
  • OBJECTIVE: You and your partner are in the shoes of Monroe & Livingston. You are uncertain as to the powers you have in Paris. Draft a one-page (single sided) letter to President Jefferson explaining the current situation. Must be in the format of a letter.
    • Explain who is involved?
    • Why is France offering more money then initially discussed?
    • Do you (as Monroe & Livingston) believe this is a good idea for the U.S., why or why not (at least 2 reasons)?
    • List one risk of acquiring the territory from France?
    • How could this purchase affect American expansion?
lewis clark
Lewis & Clark
  • Jefferson appoints Lewis and Clark to lead Corps of Discovery:
    • explore new territory, find route to the Pacific Ocean; gather information about people, plants animals.
  • Native American woman, Sacajawea, serves as interpreter, guide
    • Keeps them alive!
  • 2 years, 4 months; only one death

Sacajawea Dollar Coin

  • Look at the Four Square Worksheet:
    • Complete 3 of the 4 boxes
    • You must complete the Marbury v. Madison box
    • BUT,you have the option of which other 2 boxes to complete
    • DUE: Beginning of class tomorrow (Tuesday Sep, 17)