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Schizophrenia. Chapter 11. Schizophrenia. Positive Symptoms: Type I Delusions Persecutory Delusions of Reference Grandiose Delusions. Schizophrenia. Hallucinations Disorganized Thoughts and Speech Disorganized or Catatonic Behavior

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Chapter 11

  • Positive Symptoms: Type I
    • Delusions
      • Persecutory
      • Delusions of Reference
      • Grandiose Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Disorganized Thoughts and Speech
  • Disorganized or Catatonic Behavior

negative symptoms type ii
Negative Symptoms- Type II
  • Affective Flattening
  • Alogia
  • Avolitian
subtypes of schizophrenia
Subtypes of Schizophrenia
  • Paranoid
  • Undifferentiated
  • Catatonic
  • Disorganized
  • Residual
dsm iv criteria for schizophrenia
DSM-IV Criteria for Schizophrenia
  • A. Core symptoms: two or more of the following present for at least a 1-month period

1. Delusions

2. Hallucinations

3. Disorganized speech

4. Grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior

5. Negative symptoms

dsm iv criteria for schizophrenia continued
DSM-IV Criteria for Schizophrenia, continued
  • B. Social/occupational functioning: significant impairment in work, academic performance, interpersonal relationships, and/or self-care
  • C. Duration: continuous signs of the disturbance for at least 6 months; at least 1 month of this period must include symptoms that meet Criterion A.
dsm iv criteria for schizoaffective disorder
DSM IV Criteria for Schizoaffective Disorder
  • An uninterrupted period of illness during which, at some time, there is either a major depressive episode, a manic episode, or a mixed episode concurrent with symptoms that meet Criterion A for schizophrenia.
schizoaffective continued
Schizoaffective continued
  • B. During the same period of illness, there have been delusions or hallucinations for at least 2 weeks in the absence of prominent mood symptoms.
  • C. Symptoms that meet criteria for a mood episode are present for a substantial portion of the total duration of the active and residual periods of the illness
prognosis of schizophrenia
Prognosis of Schizophrenia
  • Age and Gender Factors
  • Sociocultural Factors
biological theories of schizophrenia
Biological Theories of Schizophrenia
  • Genetic Theories
  • Structural Brain Abnormalities
  • Birth Complications & Prenatal Viral Exposure
  • Neurotransmitter Theories
treatments for schizophrenia
Treatments for Schizophrenia
  • Biological Treatments
  • Behavioral, Cognitive and Social Interventions
  • Cross-Cultural Treatments