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The Medieval Period

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  1. The Medieval Period Middle Ages AD 1066-1485

  2. The changing English Language: Psalm 23, verse 1 The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want… Lauerd me steres, noghtwantesal me… Modern English (King James Bible) Middle English

  3. Historical Background: Many Tribes to One Nation • Norman Conquest (1066 AD • the last successful invasion • Common language, feudalism • King John signed the Magna Carta (1215 AD) • Forced to sign • Limits the power of the king • Turmoil Ensues • Many kings assassinated & black death • Civil War (1455) • Henry VII unifies England

  4. What is the relationship between place and literature? • Key term: stories • Bede • Monk • Shares stories from history in such a way that the reader develops a sense of the possibilities for England to be a great nation • Chaucer • Writes fictional stories of different social types

  5. How does literature shape or reflect society? • Key Words: controversy • Rise of Middle Class • Protestant Reformation: separation from Catholic church lead by Luther • Results from a disgust over the corruption amongst religious orders (many churches were showy) • Shows how social institutions felt like in a human heart, how they brought strangers together and drove lovers apart

  6. What is the relationship of the writer to tradition? • Key word: inheritance • Arthurian Legend • Bequest from the past • Boccaccio ~ Decameron • Similar set up to The Canterbury Tales • Adapts French version of poetry to English iambic pentameter