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Cells - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cells. http://koning.ecsu.ctstateu.edu/cell/cell.html. All organisms are made up of at least one cell. Living things begin as one cell and that cell divides and divides again, etc.

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All organisms are made up of at least one cell.

Living things begin as one cell and that cell divides and divides again, etc.

A cell is the smallest thing that can carry out life processes meaning: take in food, water, take out wastes and reproduce themselves.

You are made up of trillions of cells that come together to form tissues, and then tissues come together to form organs that can carry out the processes you need to survive.

What is a cell then exactly
What is a cell then exactly? lead

  • One way to think about a cell’s make up is to think about it as a living factory, making all the things necessary for them to live.

  • Each part of the cell is called an organelle.

  • We will look at the following parts of a cell:

    • Cell Membrane and Wall

    • Cytoplasm

    • Vacuoles

    • Mitochondria

    • Nucleus

Typical animal cell
“Typical” Animal Cell lead


Typical plant cell
“Typical” Plant Cell lead


Cell parts organelles

Cell Parts (Organelles) lead

As I work through each organelle, please locate each part on your handout and make a quick note of its main function

Surrounding the cell is the cell membrane
Surrounding the Cell is the Cell Membrane lead

  • Cell membrane is the gate keeper of the cell factory.

  • It lets the needed material in and lets the waste out.


Cell wall
Cell Wall lead

  • Found in plant cells but not animal cells

  • It acts as a frame of the plant cell and helps give strength and support.


Cytoplasm lead

  • It is the kitchen of the cell factory

  • It contains the nutrients required by the cell to maintain its life processes

  • It is the liquid inside the cell, which has grainy looking bits in it.


Vacuoles lead

  • Are like storage rooms for nutrients the cell will need

  • Plants cells usually have just one big vacuole where animal cells have many small ones.

  • Looks like clear, liquid filled spaces in various places within the cytoplasm


Chloroplast lead

  • Are the Solar panels of plant cells.

  • Only found in plant cells

  • Where photosynthesis takes place


Mitochondria lead

  • Are the powerhouses of the cell.

  • Looks like a peanut

  • It is where chemical reactions occur that change the energy the cells receives into energy it can use.


Nucleus lead

  • Is the command centre of the cell (boss)

  • It appears as a fairly large, dark, spherical structure near the middle of the cell

  • It directs all the activities in the cell such as movement, growth