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Chapter 29: Asian Nations Struggled to Gain Stability

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Chapter 29: Asian Nations Struggled to Gain Stability. (1945 to the present). Introduction . Look at the maps on pgs. 615 and 795 and compare them How many nations that were former colonies have gained independence? Which nations were never colonies?

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Presentation Transcript
  • Look at the maps on pgs. 615 and 795 and compare them
  • How many nations that were former colonies have gained independence?
  • Which nations were never colonies?
  • What are some challenges that might arise in the new Asian nations?

Building an economy, establish a government and resist outside forces

  • How might these new nations affect the west?

They might exert cultural influence, provide economic competition and serve as pawns in the cold war

chapter overview
Chapter Overview
  • Great change occurred after WWII
  • In China, Communist led by Mao Zedong overthrew the nationalist government
  • The communist dramatically change the nature of China’s economy
  • Disputes among party leaders led to the Great cultural Revolution of 1966
  • China broke off relations with the Soviet Union
  • Later China resumed diplomatic relations with the US
  • Was divided after WWII
  • Northern Korea (Communist) invaded S. Korea in 1950
  • The attack was condemned by the UN
  • An armistice was signed in 1953


  • Lost territorial gains
  • Underwent agricultural and industrial changes
  • In the 1980s Japan was Asia’s leading industrial power
indian subcontinent
Indian Subcontinent
  • Was divided into India and Pakistan
  • India, under Nehru, adopted a mixed economy
  • Foreign relations were marked by conflicts with Pakistan and China
  • After a civil war, East Pakistan became the nation of Bangladesh
philippines indonesia
  • The Philippines gained independence in 1946 but retained close ties with the US
  • After years of authoritarian rule under Ferdinand Marcos, the Philippines returned to democracy in the 1980s


  • Under Sukarno and Suharto Indonesia suffered from economic misstatement
  • The new federation of Malaysia was endangered by cultural and economic differences
  • After gaining independence, Burma tries to remain neutral in the ongoing East-West conflict
  • France fought a long war and was defeated by communist led Viet Minh
  • In the 1960s the US became heavily involved in Vietnam but with drew in 1973
  • N. Vietnam defeated S. Vietnam in 1975
  • Other countries in S. Asia were also affected by border disputes and refugee problems
  • Asian countries encouraged industrialization with various approaches such as authoritarian measures to international cooperation
  • Some countries enjoyed success but throughout the region economic development proceeded at a slow pace
  • Discuss the changes in Chinese economic and foreign policy instituted by the communist government
  • Explain the causes and effects of the Great Proletarian Cultural revolution
  • Outline the causes and results of the Korean war
  • ID the aims of the American occupation of Japan
  • Describe the social and economic changes that occurred in postwar Japan
  • Trace the development of the US-Japanese relations since 1945
  • ID the major social and economic problems facing India
  • Describe the events that led to the establishment of Bangladesh and Pakistan
  • Compare the movement toward independence of the countries of SE Asia
  • Discuss the challenges facing the countries of SE Asia today
  • Trace the US involvement in the Vietnamese conflict
  • Explain how the Vietnamese War affected the countries of Indochina
  • Discuss the trend toward authoritarian governments in Asia
  • Describe the economic development in Asia
  • Give examples of Asia’s influence on the West