19th Century Art: Realism By: Jessica Bowmer
Thesis The realism artists during the 19th Century reflect the society through their art, in their own unique way.
Questions • Realism art portrays the 19th Century in a… a) Abstract way b) Realistic way c) Impressionist way d) Romantic way 2. Who uses satire to point out the social ills and depicted the middle class as victims? a) Gustave Courbet b) Jean- Francois Millet c)EdouardManet d) HonoreDaumier
Questions • What made EdouardManet’s paintings so popular? a) Conveys a sense of admiration for his subjects b) Represented French society as being dark and somber c) The way he defied popular works shocked and disturbed the public d) Did not glorify the lower class
The Realism Art & Society • Portrays life more realistically • Science and tech had more interest than spirituality • “Searched for truth” through facts rather than personal experience • More concerned with concrete problems than abstract ideas (Courbet & Manet)
Jean- Francois Millet (1814-1875) Known for depictions of working people Conveys a sense of admiration for his subjects through sculpture-like figures Reflects socialist ideas associated with the political climate
Honore Daumier (1808-1879) Reflected with the social problems of the time Used satire to point out social ills Did not glorify the lower class, he depicted them as he saw them (victims) Skilled draughtsman and caricaturist (subjects included leading politicians, lawyers, and doctors)
Gustave Courbet (1819-1877) Concerned with concrete problems Deals with social and aesthetic problems Represented French society as he saw it (dark, somber) No attempt to beautify the French landscape or people Public and critics felt his work was too ordinary and too crude Lower and middle classes felt that Courbet was promoting the working-class cause
EdouardManet (1832-1883) Defiance of popular tastes led to the movement of Impressionism His art shocked and disturbed the public Used bright, heavy planes of light to achieve a detached, distanced view of humanity and nature Striking for the unusual composition and subject matter Bold experimentation with subject and form, laid the foundation for modern art
Conclusion Jean- Francois Millet, HonoreDaumier,GustaveCourbet, and GustaveCourbet all reflect the 19th Century society through their paintings, but with different styles and points of view.