21 st Century Learning & Faith Formation . Vision & practice of 21 st century faith formation. The Challenge of Adaptive Change. “The significant problems we face today cannot be solved at the same level of thinking we were at when we created them.” Albert Einstein. Technical Problems.
21st Century Learning & Faith Formation Vision & practice of 21st century faith formation
The Challenge of Adaptive Change “The significant problems we face today cannot be solved at the same level of thinking we were at when we created them.” Albert Einstein
Technical Problems • Technical problems(even though they may be complex) can be solved with knowledge and procedures already in hand. • Leadership would be an easy and safe undertaking if organizations and communities only faced problems for which they already knew the solutions. Everyday, people have problems for which they do, in fact, have the necessary know-how and procedures—technical problems.
Adaptive Challenges • Adaptive challengesrequire experiments, new discoveries, and adjustments from numerous places in the organization. • Without learning new ways—changing attitudes, values, and deep-seated behaviors—people cannot make the adaptive leap necessary to thrive in the new environment. Adaptive challenges call for changes of heart and mind—the transformation of long-standing habits and deeply held assumptions and values. Leadership is “the activity of mobilizing people to tackle the toughest problems and do the adaptive work necessary to achieve progress.” (Ronald Heifetz and Martin Linsky)
Social Network Operating System The Triple Revolution • Social Network Revolution • Internet Revolution • Mobile Revolution
Social network operating system The Social Network, Internet, and Mobile Revolutions are coming together to shift people’s social lives away from densely knit family, neighborhood, and group relationships toward more far-flung, less tight, more diverse personal networks.
Social networkoperating system The Social Networks Revolution provided opportunities—and stresses—for people to reach beyond the world of tightly knit groups • afforded people more diversity in relationships and social worlds—as well as bridges to reach these new worlds and maneuverability to move among them • introduced stress of not having a single home base and of reconciling the conflicting demands of multiple social worlds
Social networkoperating system TheInternet Revolutionhas given people communications power and information-gathering capacities that dwarf those of the past. It has allowed people to become their own publishers and broadcasters and created new methods for social networking. This has changed the point of contact from the household (and work group) to the individual. Each person creates her own internet experiences, tailored to her needs.
Social networkoperating system TheMobile Revolution has allowed ICTs (internet communication technologies) to become body appendages allowing people to access friends and information at will, wherever they go. In return, ICTs are always accessible. There is the possibility of a continuous presence and pervasive awareness of others in the network. People’s physical separation by time and space are less important.
Social network operating system Networked Individualism The three revolutions have made possible the new social operating system – Networked Individualism. The hallmark of networked individualism is that people function more as connected individuals and less as embedded group members.
Social network operating system Networked Individualism • This stands in contrast to the longstanding social arrangements formed around large hierarchical bureaucracies and small, densely knit groups such as households, communities, and workgroups. • It is an operating system because it describes the ways in which people connect, communicate, and exchange information.
Social networkOperating System The new social network operating system is: • Personal: the individual is the autonomous center just as she is reaching out from her computer • Multiuser: people are interacting with numerous diverse others • Multitasking: people are doing several things; and Multithreaded: people are doing them more or less simultaneously
Life as networked individuals • How have you used your social network to make decisions or solve problems – especially through your use of the internet, mobile phones, and social media? • How has your capacity to access information and your network been changed by your use of digital technology? • How has your network of family, friends, acquaintances, and even strangers been affected by your tech use? • How has your ability to concentrate and complete tasks been affected in the always-on world? • Is Facebook making you lonely or feel more connected?
Social networks • Social Networks are not new. For 1000s of years people have formed into groups, built strong and weak relationships with others, formed alliances, and spread rumor and gossip. • Humans are social creatures with a need to connect to others; whether we need information, advice, or emotional support, we turn to one another.
Social Networks • There is a major change in the structure of the web. It’s moving away from being built around the content, and is being rebuilt around the people. • People are spending less time interacting with content and more time communicating with other people.
Social networks Our social network is made up of all the people we’re connected to, all the people they are connected to, all the people they are connected to, and so on.
Our social networks tend to have clear boundaries, from people we care a lot about (in the center) to people we loosely know (on the periphery). 500 – Weak Ties (you know but don’t feel close to) 150 – Stable Social Relationships (know each of these people and which of them know each other) 50 – Communicate Group (aware of what’s going on in their lives) 12-15 – Sympathy Group 5 – Inner Circle (advice, emotional support, times of trouble)
Most of our communication is with people closest to us – at the center of our social network
Social networks 1. We have evolved to form groups. • People naturally form groups. • People will make considerable sacrifices for the benefit of their group. • In certain situations, groups think better than individuals. It was wise of our ancestors to stick together.
Social networks 2. Most people have independent groups of friends that don’t overlap. • Each one of us uniquely connects multiple groups of people together. • Large populations of people are made up of these many small connected groups of friends who are often interlinked by unique individuals. • The only way information can spread through a large population is through many regular people. Everyone is an influencer. Social networks of connected independent groups of friends is the way ideas spread.
Social networks 3. We have 4-6 groups formed around life stage, hobbies, and shared experiences. • Each group usually contains fewer than 10 people; the average is 4 group members. • It’s tempting to think we’re connected to a very diverse set of people but we’re connected to people like us. • The people in each group know each other well, but they don’t know the people in the other groups.
Social networks • Social networks are not new, and the social web is here to stay. • Sharing is a means to an end. People share information because it makes life easier, builds relationships, and shapes how we appear to others. 80% of our communication is with the 5-10 people we are closest to.
Social networks • Our social networks are made up of small, independent groups, connected through us. Each one of us uniquely connects multiple groups of people together. Connected groups of friends are required for ideas to spread. • The people closest to use have disproportionate influence over us. Most of us have 10 strong ties who hold influence over what we think and do.
Social networks • How we behave is learned from observing others. We are more influenced by the behavior of people in our group, and people we perceive to be like us. • Many of our decisions are made by our nonconscious, emotional brain. Our brain doesn’t remember details because it needs to prioritize what it stores in memory. It remembers relationships, and makes up details to fill in the gaps in memory.
Social networks • We’re wired to avoid trying new things, especially when they don’t match our beliefs. Changing people’s attitudes is incredibly hard,but changing their behavior is easier. Starting with small requests for behavioral changeoften leads to attitudinal change. • People will increasingly turn to their friends for information.
Vision: Ancient & Future Churches want faith formation that helps people. . . • grow in their relationship with God throughout their lives • live as disciples of Jesus Christ at home, in the workplace, in the community and the world • develop an understanding of the Bible and their faith tradition • deepen their spiritual life and practices • engage in service and mission • relate the Christian faith to life today • participate in the life and ministries of the faith community
Vision: Ancient & Future(Charter for Lifelong Christian Formation) Lifelong Christian Faith Formation in The Episcopal Church islifelong growth in the knowledge, service and love of God as followers of Christ and is informed by Scripture, Tradition and Reason. Through the Christian Church. . . • God Invitesall people To enter into a prayerful life of worship, continuous learning, intentional outreach, advocacy and service • God inspires all people to experience liturgy and worship, to study Scripture, to develop new learning experiences, to prepare for a sustainable future • God transforms all people by doing the work Jesus Christ calls us to do—reconciliation, love, forgiveness, healing, justice and peace
Vision: Ancient & Future(General Directory for Catechesis Faith formation is an integrated process of: • formation through participation in the life of the faith community • education in Scripture and the Christian tradition • apprenticeship in the Christian life • knowledge and intimate connection with the liturgy and rituals of the church • development of a life of prayer • moral formation in Jesus Christ • empowerment of mission in the world; engagement in actions of justice & service (General Directory for Catechesis no. 87 and 90; National Directory for Catechesis 20)
Vision: Ancient & Future(Maria Harris, Fashion Me A People) Faith Formation Ecosystem The curriculum is the entire course of the church’s life, found in the fundamental forms of that life. It is the priestly, prophetic, and political work of didache, leiturgia, koinonia, kerygma, and diakonia.
Vision: Ancient & Future The church educates toall of these five classical forms, as well as through all of them: • to koinonia (community and communion) by engaging in the forms of community and communion; • to leiturgia (worship and prayer) by engaging in the forms of prayer and worship and spirituality; • to kerygma (proclaiming the word of God) by attention to and practicing and incarnating the kerygma, “Jesus is risen,” in speech of our own lives, especially the speech of advocacy; • to diakonia (service and outreach) by attention to our own service and reaching out to others, personally and communally, locally and globally; • to didache (teaching and learning) by attention to the most appropriate forms of teaching and learning
Vision: Ancient & Future • Community will have elements of kerygmatic speech, of teaching, of outreach, and of prayer. • Worship will have elements of community, teaching, outreach, and prophetic speech. • Teaching will incorporate elements of outreach, prayer, community, and kerygma.
The Shift to Network models “I don’t think education is about centralized instruction anymore; rather, it is the process of establishing oneself as a node in a broad network of distributed creativity.” Joi Ito