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NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Briefing to the APAN Earth Observation Working Group January 30, 2004. METOP. NPOESS. NPOESS. Specialized Satellites. NPOESS. A Tri-agency Effort to Leverage and Combine Environmental Satellite Activities. Mission

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slide1

NPOESSNational Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite SystemBriefing to the APAN Earth Observation Working GroupJanuary 30, 2004

a tri agency effort to leverage and combine environmental satellite activities

METOP

NPOESS

NPOESS

Specialized Satellites

NPOESS

A Tri-agency Effort to Leverage and Combine Environmental Satellite Activities

Mission

Provide a national, operational, polar-orbiting remote-sensing capability

Achieve National Performance Review (NPR) savings by converging DoD and NOAA satellite programs

Incorporate new technologies from NASA

Encourage International Cooperation

0530

1330

0930

Local Equatorial Crossing Time

Saves $1.6B through System Life Cycle compared to NPR target of $1.3B

NPOESS is Good Government!

npoess
NPOESS

NPOESS is required to provide an OPERATIONAL remote sensing capability to acquire and receive in real-time at field terminals, and to acquire, store and disseminate to processing centers, GLOBAL and regional environmental imagery and specialized METEOROLOGICAL, CLIMATIC, TERRESTRIAL, OCEANOGRAPHIC and SOLAR-GEOPHYSICAL and other data in support of public safety, commerce, environmental monitoring and research.

national importance
National Importance
  • Timely, accurate, and cost-effective public warnings and forecasts of severe weather events, reduce the potential loss of human life and property and advance the national economy
  • Support of general aviation, agriculture, and maritime communities aimed at increasing U.S. productivity
  • Commitment to support long-term data continuity for environmental monitoring and Global Change assessment

NPOESS Goal: Improve the Nation’s Space-Based, Remote Sensing Capabilities for Environmental Monitoring

establishing npoess
Establishing NPOESS
  • National Space Council Study - 1992
  • National Performance Review (NPR) - September 1993
    • Identified Need for Coordinated Effort
  • OSTP Convergence Implementation Plan submitted to Congress - May 1994
  • Presidential Decision Directive/NSTC-2 - May 1994
    • Directed Convergence of National Assets
  • Tri-agency Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) - May 1995
    • Established Roles and Responsibilities of Department of Defense, Department of Commerce, and NASA
  • EUMETSAT/NOAA Initial Joint Polar Agreement - November 1998
    • Brought in International Community
two polar orbiting systems
Two Polar-orbiting Systems

DMSP (Defense Meteorological Satellite Program)

  • Currently
    • F-14 Launched December 1994
    • F-15 Launched December 1999
    • F-16 Launched December 2003

POES (Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite)

  • First Launched April 1, 1960
  • Currently
    • NOAA-15 Launched May 1998
    • NOAA-16 Launched Sep 2000
    • NOAA-17 Launched Jun 2002
dmsp poes to npoess convergence evolution of mission areas

NPOESS

DMSP/POES to NPOESS Convergence & Evolution of Mission Areas

DoD/AF

DoD/AF

DMSP

Block 6

Military

Tri-Agency

-Imaging

- μwaveSounding

-Space Environment

-Under DMSP SPO

CONVERGENCE

DOC/NOAA

DOC/NOAA

  • Imaging
  • Sounding
  • Climate
  • Ozone
  • Space Environment
  • Under Integrated
  • Program Office

POES

OPQR

Civil

-Imaging

-Sounding

-Climate

-Ozone

-Space Environment

-Under POES Prog Office

Discontinued

slide8

F17

F19

WindSat/Coriolis

F15

F16

N

16

C2

N’

Satellite Transition Schedule(DMSP 2yr launch centers, NPOESS GAP 6c NLF input)Slopes indicate 10-90% need

CY

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

----------------10 Year Mission Life-------------------

0530

F20

C3

C6

NPOESS

DMSP

C4

F18

C1

NPOESS

DMSP

NPOESS

0730 - 1030

17

POES

METOP

EOS-Terra

Local Equatorial Crossing Time

NPP

C5

NPOESS

POES

1330

Earliest Need to back-up launch

EOS-Aqua

Mission

Satisfaction

S/C

Deliveries

Earliest Availability

FY

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

S/C delivery interval driven by 15 month IAT schedule

As of: 20 Oct 02

Most probable launch date

Launch date based on backup need

npoess requirements
NPOESS Requirements

Convergence of Alternatives

  • Integrated Operational Requirements Document (IORD-II)
    • 55 Data Products
    • 21 Enhancement Products
    • 2 System Characteristic KPPs

Convergence of Requirements

Converged requirements provide foundation for combined program

First success after eight previous attempts

sea surface temperature sst

IORD Content Example

Sea Surface Temperature (SST)
  • Sea Surface Temperature is defined as a highly precise measurement of the temperature of the surface layer (upper 1 meter) of ocean water. It has two major applications: 1) sea surface phenomenology, and 2) use in infrared cloud/no cloud decision for processed cloud data. The accompanying requirements apply only under clear conditions (unless specified otherwise).
slide11

- KPPs

Environmental Data Records

By Discipline

LEGEND

npoess program vision
NPOESS Program Vision

The IPO and TRW/Raytheon team:

Working in a spirit of shared ownership

to develop and deploy

the single, national, polar-orbiting environmental

remote-sensing capability

to meet next-generation civil and military needs

Breaking the Mold!

Thinking “Out of the Box”

Working Together

Creating Success

The only thing they pay us for!

sspr responsibilities
SSPR Responsibilities
  • Government and Contractor Share Risk
    • Open Communications Facilitate Insight Into Each Other’s Decisions
    • Integrated Management Framework (IMF) Improves Visibility
  • Large, Flexible Fee Pool
    • Approaches Commercial Returns
    • Meet Our Contractors Specific Motivators
    • Reflects Government Expectations
    • Success Defined As Meeting Requirements
    • Incentives Focus on Highest Program Risk -- Total System Integration and Performance

Shared Ownership creates a Win/Win situation

sspr responsibilities cont

Government

Industry

SSPR Responsibilities cont...

Controls Performance Requirements

Controls All Aspects of Design and Manufacture

Manages SSPR Contractor

Manages All Subcontractors and Associate Contractors

Establishes Flexible, Positive Rewards

Flow Rewards to All Teammates

Teammates and Supplier Relations Established Early

Flexible Teammate and Supplier Relationships Are Earn-on, Perform to Stay, Motivated to Innovate

Ensures Industrial Base Is Maintained

Business Relationships Based on Best Business Practices

Open Communications through IMF

Open Communications through IMF

npoess acquisition and operation
NPOESS Acquisition and Operation
  • Acquisition and Operation (A&O) Contract was awarded on August 23, 2002 to TRW for $4.5B
  • A&O Contract consists of:
    • 6 satellites
    • Taking over all government instrument contracts
    • Buying all “leveraged” instruments
    • Integrating GFE instruments (ADCS and SARSAT)
    • Building and deploying all ground systems
  • C3 and data retrieval
  • Data processing hardware and software
    • Software for worldwide users
  • Operating system through IOC (2011)
    • With option to 2018
npoess payloads
NPOESS Payloads

NPOESS Instruments

TBD

METOP

NPP

0930

0530

0930

1330

1030

IPO Developed

Visible/IR Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS)* X X X X (AVHRR) X

Cross-track IR Sounder (CrIS)* X X X (IASI/HIRS) X

Conical MW Imager/Sounder (CMIS)* X X X

Ozone Mapper/Profiler Suite (OMPS) X X (GOME) X

GPS Occultation Sensor (GPSOS) X X (GRAS)

Space Environmental Sensor Suite (SESS) X X (SEM)

Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor (APS) X

Leveraged

Advanced Technology MW Sounder (ATMS)* X X X (AMSU/MHS) X

ARGOS-Data Collection System (A-DCS) X X X

Search and Rescue (SARSAT) X X X X

Earth Radiation Budget Sensor (ERBS) X

Total Solar Irradiance Sensor (TSIS) X

Radar altimeter (ALT) X

Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) X

* Critical instrument - Failure constitutes need to replace satellite

slide17

CMIS - μwave imager

VIIRS - vis/IR imager

CrIS - IR sounder

ATMS - μwave sounder

OMPS - ozone

GPSOS - GPS occultation

ADCS - data collection

SESS - space environment

APS - aerosol polarimeter

SARSAT - search & rescue

TSIS - solar irradiance

ERBS - Earth radiation budget

ALT - altimeter

NPOESS Satellite

CMIS

ATMS

CrIS

VIIRS

OMPS

ERBS

NPOESS 1330 Configuration

Single satellite design with common sensor locations

instruments in development production phase
Instruments inDevelopment/Production Phase

Cross-track IR Sounder

(CrIS)

ITT Industries

Visible/IR Imaging Radiometer

Suite (VIIRS)

Raytheon SBRS

Conical-scanning Microwave

Imager/Sounder (CMIS)

Boeing

Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder

(ATMS)

Northrop Grumman

Ozone Mapping & Profiler Suite

(OMPS)

Ball Aerospace

compact all reflective optical design minimizes stray light

Rotating Telescope

VisNIR/DNB FPA

SWMWIR

& LWIR Dewar

Half Angle Mirror

FMA Imager

Compact, All Reflective Optical Design Minimizes Stray Light
slide23

Ocean surface wind field

and cloud imagery

All Weather Imaging

Precipitation Measurement

Conical-scanning Microwave Imager/Sounder

slide24

Hurricane warm core

temperature anomaly

Cross-track Infrared Sounder

npoess segment architecture

TDRSS

GPS

Space Segment

1330

NPP

Residual Satellites

1730

2130

ADCS

Launch Support Segment

SARSAT

Field Terminal Segment

CLASS

Supplied by NOAA

Supplied by NASA

ADS

SDS

NAVO

FNMOC

AFWA

NESDIS

Data Handling Node

Front End

Processor

Interface Data Processing Segment

NPOESS Segment Architecture

Svalbard

Primary T&C

NPP SMD

WSCLEO&A

Backup T&C

15 Globally Distributed Receptor Sites

MMC at Schriever

Alternate Operations Team

MMC at Suitland

Flight Operations Team

C3 Segment

npoess preparatory project npp joint ipo nasa risk reduction demo
NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP)Joint IPO/NASA Risk Reduction Demo
  • NPP Spacecraft contract awarded to Ball Aerospace – May 2002
  • Instrument Risk Reduction
    • Early delivery / instrument-level test / system-level integration and test
      • VIIRS - Vis/IR Imager Radiometer Suite (IPO)
      • CrIS - Cross-track IR Sounder (IPO)
      • ATMS - Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (NASA)
    • Provides lessons learned and allows time for any required modifications before NPOESS first launch
  • Ground System Risk Reduction
    • Early delivery and test of a subset of NPOESS-like ground system elements
    • Early User Evaluation of NPOESS data products
    • Provides algorithms / instrument verification and opportunities for instrument calibration / validation prior to first NPOESS launch
    • Allows for algorithm modification prior to first NPOESS launch
  • Continuity of data for NASA’s EOS Terra/Aqua missions
the npp system

Spacecraft

  • ATMS
  • Ground Support
  • Equipment
  • VIIRS
  • CrIS
The NPP System

IPO Antenna

Location

X

Launch Support

Segment (LSS)

  • Launch vehicle
  • Launch support
  • Payload Processing
  • support

Command, Control &

Communication Segment

(C3S)

Interface Data Processing

Segment (IDPS)

  • Manage Mission (joint funding)
  • Manage Satellite Operations
  • Space/Ground Comm
  • Data Routing & Retrieval

Science Data

Segment (SDS)

  • Ingest and validate raw SMD
  • Process RDRs, SDRs, EDRs
  • Perform operations cal proc
  • Provide data records to
  • Centrals, SDS & ADS
  • Ingest and validate RDRs
  • Process RDRs to Level 1B
  • Generate climate data
  • products
  • Perform science cal proc
  • Provide Climate data to ADS

Archive & Distribution

Segment (ADS)

  • Ingest & validate data records
  • Manage archive
  • Interface with users
  • Generate user products
  • Track user orders
  • Generate accounting reports

-NOAA Funding

  • IPO Funding
  • NASA Funding
calibration validation

Calibration

Validation

Mission Success

  • Absolute Accuracy
  • Polarization Purity
  • Geolocation Accuracy
  • Instrument Stability
  • Doppler Correction
  • Antenna Pattern Correction
  • Ocean Wind Speed
  • Water Vapor
  • Cloud Water
  • Rain Rate
  • Sea Ice
  • Soil Moisture
  • Snow water
  • Land Temp
  • Lower Air Profiles
  • Upper Air Profiles

Ensures

  • Meet Specification
  • Operational production of synoptic maps and profiles of critical atmospheric, oceanographic and land parameters
  • Quality Control

Users

  • NWP
  • Real-time tactical
  • Non-tactical
    • JTWC
    • NHC
    • JIC
  • Others
Calibration/Validation

To tie it all together and make it work….

idps products environmental data records
IDPS ProductsEnvironmental Data Records

Cloud Top Heights

VIIRS – Visible/Infrared Imager/Radiometer Suite

Cloud Layers

Total Precipitable Water

Surface Temperature

Environmental Properties Displayed at VIIRS Pixel Locations

environmental observing
Environmental Observing

Natural Hazards

Detection and Mapping

Ozone Monitoring

Multi-spectral Hurricane Mapping and Profiling

Sea Surface Temperature Ocean Circulation

Snow and Ice

Mapping and Monitoring

All Weather Imaging

Precipitation Measurement

protect safety of life and property improve accuracy of severe weather warnings
Protect Safety of Life and PropertyImprove Accuracy of Severe Weather Warnings

Improved Microwave Imagery/Sounding products will improve prediction of wind speed and direction

Increase in hurricane landfall forecast skill will save an estimated $1 million per mile of coastline that does not have to be evacuated

Improved early warnings mitigate the devastating effects of floods through disaster planning and response

npoess benefits the nation
Accurate forecasts are critical to the protection of life, safety, and property

NPOESS data will improve forecasts and warnings

Improved forecasts will

Reduce loss of life and property

benefit US industry through increased productivity

NPOESS will maintain long-term data continuity for climate monitoring and assessment

NPOESS Benefits the Nation
additional considerations
Each satellite will produce approximately 2 TB of data per day

RDRs – Raw Data Records

SDRs – Sensor Data Records – calibrated geolocated

EDRs – Environmental Data Records – products

NPP will not have direct broadcast

NPOESS will have direct broadcast, but receiving station costs will make electronic data transfers attractive.

Distribution of NPP and NPOESS data to the Asia Pacific region could be a major new EO-WG objective.

If there is interest in this the requirement for NPP and NPOESS data needs to be expressed to the national representatives of the GEO.

Additional COnsiderations