Basic Animal Science Common Terms to Know
Ankole-Watusi Cattle • These cattle are the show-stoppers of the bovine kingdom. Medium-sized animals, with long, large-diameter horns, they attract attention wherever they appear. These regal animals can easily trace their ancestry back more than 6,000 years and have often been referred to as "cattle of kings."
Male Castrated before sexual Maturity • Bovine…Bull • Porcine…Boar • Sheep…Ram • Horse...Stallion • Steer • Barrow • Weather • Gelding
Female • Cow Cattle • Sow Swine • Ewe Sheep • Mare Horses
Imature Female • Heifer Cattle • Gilt Swine • Ewe Lamb Sheep • Foal Horses
Young Animal • Calf Cattle • Pig Swine • Lamb Sheep • Foal Horses
Group For Breeding • Herd Cattle • Herd Swine • Flock Sheep • Stud Horses
Flock • Flock of sheep
Meat Produced • Beef Bovine • Pork Porcine • Mutton Sheep • N/A Equine
Meat produced by Young • Veal Cattle • Pork Swine • Lamb Sheep • N/A Horses
Person in Charge • Herdsman Cattle • Herdsman Swine • Shepherd Sheep • Trainer Horses
Registration Recorded in: • Herdbook Cattle • Herdbook Swine • Flockbook Sheep • Studbook Horses
Purebred • Animals that have been members of the same breed since the breed was founded.
Crossbred • One whose sire and dam were both purebred but of different breeds.
Sire • Male Parent
Dam • Female Parent
Scrub animal • Of inferior breeding
Grade Animal • If only one parent usually the sire is purebred.
Pedigree • A list of the ancestors of the family history of the animal.
Progeny • Offspring • Children • Young • Descendants
RumenReticulumOmasumCaesum • Ruminant Animal stomach has 4 compartments
Cannula • Cannulas of various types for closing fistulas have been described from time to time. • Rumen fistulas are used for nutritional and physiological studies.
A Fistula is a hole. • permanent rumen fistula affords ready access to the rumen for sampling its contents, without sacrificing the animal or resorting to the stomach tube method.