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The Enjoyment of Music 10 th Shorter Edition

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  1. The Enjoyment of Music 10th Shorter Edition The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  2. Unit VIIVocal Music of the Baroque “Opera is the delight of Princes.” —Marco Da Gagliano The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  3. 21. Baroque OperaThe New Genre of the Baroque Era Large-scale musical drama combining • Poetry • Acting • Scenery • Costumes • Singing • Instrumental music The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  4. The Components of Opera Recitative • Secco: Mozart: Don Giovanni, “Chi è la?” • Accompagnato: Mozart: Don Giovanni, “Ah! Del padre…” Aria Handel: Messiah, “O thou that tellest” The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  5. The Components of Opera • Recitative • Secco • Accompagnato • Aria • Da capo aria • Ensemble numbers: Duet, Trio, Quartet, etc. • Chorus • Overture/sinfonias • Libretto, Librettist The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  6. Early Opera in Italy • Lavish spectacles • Claudio Monteverdi • Orfeo, Arianna • Coronation of Poppea • arioso The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  7. Opera in France • Italian opera rejected • Developing a national style • Tragédie lyrique • Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632–1687) • Genre won favor with King Louis XIV The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  8. Opera in England • Masque • James I and Charles I • Stage plays forbidden during the Commonwealth • Play set to music and called “concert” was allowed The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  9. Opera in England John Blow and Henry Purcell The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  10. Henry Purcell (1659–1695) • English singer, organist, and composer • Adopted elements from Italian and French opera • Sacred and secular music The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  11. Purcell: Dido and Aeneas, Act III: Dido’s Lament (Listening Guide) • Girls’ boarding school • Virgil’s Aeneid • Librettist: Nahum Tate • Plot: Aeneas leaves Dido, who loves him Listening Guide PDF The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  12. Purcell: Dido and Aeneas, Act III: Dido’s Lament and Chorus (Listening Guide) • Recitative: “Thy hand, Belinda” • Aria: “When I am laid in earth” • Five-measure chromatically descending ground bass (ostinato) • Chorus: "With drooping wings" • Polyphonic texture • Word painting especially on words "drooping wings" Listening Guide PDF The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  13. Purcell: Dido and Aeneas, Act III: Dido’s Lament (Listening Guide) Recitative: “Thy hand, Belinda” Chromaticism “Sigh motive” The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  14. Purcell: Dido and Aeneas, Act III: Dido’s Lament (Listening Guide) Aria: “When I am laid in earth” Ground Bass or Ostinato The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  15. George Frideric Handel(1685–1759) • German-born composer of Italian, French, and German styles catering to English audiences • Vocal music: Opera seria (Julius Caesar) Oratorio The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  16. www.wwnorton.com/enjoy The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  17. The Enjoyment of Music 10th Shorter Edition The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  18. 22. Barbara Strozzi and the Italian Secular Cantata • Cantata (Italian “to sing”) • Vocal genre for solo singers and instrumental accompaniment • Based on lyric, dramatic, or narrative poetry The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  19. Barbara Strozzi (1619–1677) • Italian singer and composer • Educated in Venice • Worked in a male-dominated field • Prolific composer of madrigals, arias, cantatas, and sacred motets The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  20. Strozzi: Begli occhi (Beautiful Eyes) (Listening Guide) • Short secular cantata • Two sopranos and continuo • Shifts between unmeasured and measured rhythm • Abrupt tempo and mood changes • Text speaks of unrequited love • Dissonances emphasize bitterness Listening Guide PDF The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  21. www.wwnorton.com/enjoy The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  22. The Enjoyment of Music 10th Shorter Edition The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  23. 23. Bach and the Sacred Cantata • Sacred cantatas • Secular cantatas • Sacred cantatas for the Lutheran church • Multimovement works The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  24. The Lutheran Chorale • Chorale • Battle hymns of the Reformation • Martin Luther • Early hymns: in unison • Later hymns: 4-part harmony, soprano melody • Unifying thread of the Protestant cantatas Billings: “Chester” The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  25. Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750), German Composer, Organist, Educator • Culminating figure of the Baroque style • Career in Northern Germany • Musical family • Organist and composer • Devout Lutheran • Secular and church patrons during career The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  26. Duties at Leipzig • Church • University collegium musicum • More The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  27. Keyboard MusicThe Well-Tempered Clavier Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier I, Prelude No. 1 Instrumental MusicSonatas and concertos Bach: Flute Sonata No. 2, “Siciliano” Bach: Concerto for Violin and Oboe, II The Brandenburg Concertos Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No. 6, III Orchestral suites Bach: Orchestral Suite No. 2, “Badinerie” The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  28. Sacred Vocal Music • 200-plus + church cantatas • Passions • One Catholic Mass The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  29. Contrapuntal Master • Musical Offering • The Art of Fugue Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No. 4, III (fugue) Bach: Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue (fugue) The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  30. Bach’s Cantatas • Typically have 5–8 movements • Many movements based on chorale tune • Several choral numbers, recitatives, arias Listening Guide PDF The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  31. Bach: Cantata No. 80, A Mighty Fortress Is Our God, Nos. 1, 8 (Listening Guide) The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  32. Bach: Cantata No. 80, A Mighty Fortress Is Our God, No. 1 (Listening Guide) The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  33. Bach: Cantata No. 80, A Mighty Fortress Is Our God, No. 8 (Listening Guide) The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  34. www.wwnorton.com/enjoy The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  35. The Enjoyment of Music 10th Shorter Edition The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  36. 24. Handel and the Oratorio • Oratorio • Performed by solo voices, chorus, orchestra • No staging or costumes The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  37. 24. George Frideric Handel(1685–1759) • International career • German-born • Studied and composed in Italy • London and the Royal Academy of Music • Italian opera seria, oratorios The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  38. Handel’s Music • Diatonicism • Tone color • 40-plus operas • Expanded role of chorus The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  39. Handel’s Music • Prolific composer of instrumental music • Orchestral suites • Water Music • Music for the Royal Fireworks The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  40. Handel: Messiah, Nos. 18, 44 (Listening Guide) • Premiered in Dublin in 1742 • Written in 24 days • Libretto: compilation of Old and New Testament Listening Guide PDF The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  41. Handel: Messiah, Nos. 18, 44 (Listening Guide) Three-part form: • I: Christmas French overture The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  42. Handel: Messiah, No. 18(Listening Guide) Soprano aria “Rejoice greatly” (da capo aria) Melisma The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  43. Handel: Messiah, No. 44 (Listening Guide) Hallelujah Chorus: contrasting textures • “Hallelujah! Hallelujah!” homophonic • “For the Lord God reigneth” monophonic • “The Kingdom for this world is become” homophonic • “And He shall reign for ever and ever” polyphonic • “King of Kings and Lord of Lords” homophonic The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  44. Handel: Messiah, Nos. 18, 44 (Listening Guide) Listening Guide PDF III: Redemption of the world through faith The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition

  45. www.wwnorton.com/enjoy The Enjoyment of Music 10th, Shorter Edition