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The Architecture of The Old Bloomington Courthouse and The Parthenon. Sophia Sutter 8B. History of The Old Bloomington Courthouse.
Sophia Sutter 8B
The 3rd courthouse was built in 1868 by the architect Cochrane and the French designer Piquenard. On June 19,1900, there was a great fire of Bloomington most of the buildings went down in flames but the courthouse was only partially damaged.
On June 20,1900 the County appointed a special committee to rebuild the Courthouse. Reeves and Baile were appointed to the special committee and also built the current Bloomington High School in 1895. Reeves and Baile rebuilt the courthouse by replacing most of the building but also fixing it up. They finished the 4th courthouse in 1903 and is still remaining today.
The Parthenon was built in 448 B.C. by the architects Iktinos and Callicrates. They were the two main architects of the Athenian Acropolis. There also was the designer Pericles who was the leader of all the buildings on the Acropolis.
When the Athenians were still building the Parthenon the Persians burned the temple. Sadly only half of the temple still stands even after the Persians and all of this time sitting on the Athenian Acropolis after 2461 years.
Both have pediments above columns. A pediment is the stone artwork and figures carved in the stone.
Handcrafted by their own city workers and stone makers. The stone was made by hand and every detail.
Both have columns
Left is the Right is
Corinthian the Doric
Represents power and democracy because a courthouse is used “by the people” and that defines democracy. Also democracy was invented and used in ancient Greek society.
The third courthouse had a fire in 1868 and the fourth courthouse was rebuilt as part of it while the Persians attempted to burn down the Parthenon.
Both buildings are a large part of their cities history. The courthouse was a main piece of the judicial system and it is now a museum to remind us of Bloomington’s history. The Parthenon still draws thousands of tourists each year to celebrate it’s place in Greek culture.
The courthouse was the center of democracy and the judiciary system while the Greeks used the Parthenon as a center of religion making both of these buildings very important to their people and cities.
The courthouse was built in 1903 A.D. by Reeves and Baile in Bloomington, Illinois in the United Stated of America making it only 110 years old. The Parthenon was built in 448 B.C. in Athens, Greece by Iktinos and Callicrates making it 2461 years old.
The courthouse uses Neo-Classical architecture that was popular circa 1750 A.D. -1850 A.D. with Corinthian Order Columns. It uses acanthus leaves to decorate the capital of the column.
The Parthenon uses Greek architecture that was used circa 1500 B.C. – 350 B.C. with Doric Order Columns. These columns are made up of 2 basic pieces. It is the oldest of the three types of Order Columns.
The Parthenon just represented democracy. It did not practice democracy. The main purpose was to practice religion. While the Courthouse actually practiced the working democratic system.
The courthouse stood for Justice and all she represented while the Parthenon honored Athena, goddess of war and wisdom.
This has shown the differences and similarities of 2 buildings that have nothing to do with each other, were built on two different continents, were built in two different millennia, and two different cultures. One building that was built in 448 B.C. and is so similar to a building that was built in 1903. Both buildings are still standing today after getting partially burned to the ground and still be standing in 2013. This knowledge can lead to building new buildings with the same influence. These influences help to keep history alive. Here I have shown the people how exciting architecture is and the history of these two very interesting and beautiful building can be sustained after all these years siting in the center of these two amazing and historic cities.
The Old Bloomington Courthouse
By: Greg Koos