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THE PARTHENON Athens, Greece. Bret MacIver Period 3. Parthenon. Erected between 447-432 B.C.E. It was dedicated to Athena Pallas or Parthenos (virgin) Its main function was to house a statue of Athena. Made out of gold and ivory 12 meters high (39.37ft) . Cost of the Parthenon.

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the parthenon athens greece

THE PARTHENONAthens, Greece

Bret MacIver Period 3

parthenon
Parthenon
  • Erected between 447-432 B.C.E.
  • It was dedicated to Athena Pallas or Parthenos (virgin)
  • Its main function was to house a statue of Athena.
    • Made out of gold and ivory
    • 12 meters high (39.37ft)
cost of the parthenon
Cost of the Parthenon
  • It was estimated to cost about 1000 Athenian Silver Talents.
    • 1 Talent equals about 6 million drachma (1 Drachma equals about 0.00422060 United States Dollars)
      • The Greek Drachma is now obsolete.
    • 1 Talent could pay the crew of a warship for one month
    • The annual income of Pericles was about 1000 Talents with 9000 in reserve.
dimensions and specifications
Dimensions and Specifications
  • Length = 69.5 meters (101.3ft)
  • Width = 30.88 meters (228ft)
  • Height = 13.82 meters (45.34ft)
  • The columns were 1.9 meters in diameter and 10.4 meters in height.
    • The columns were not set in the most common style for design. This specific style is known as the Doric Style (6 columns on short side and 13 on the long side.)
parthenon column layout
Parthenon Column Layout

FRONT

  • 85 Total Columns
    • 46 Outer Columns
      • 8 Front and Back
      • 17 Each Side
    • 16 Inner Columns
      • 6 Across Pronaos (front)
      • 6 Across Opisthodomnos (back)
      • 4 In Treasury Room (rear of temple)
    • 23 Surround the Cult Statue

BACK

lincoln memorial1
Lincoln Memorial
  • Built between 1914-1922
  • It was built in memory of the 16th President Abraham Lincoln.
  • In the front it houses a statue

of Lincoln

    • 19 ft tall (5.791 meters)
    • Weighs 175 tons
    • Made out of marble
dimensions and specifications1
Dimensions and Specifications
  • Width-119 ft (36.27 meters)
  • Length-190 ft (57.91 meters)
  • Height-99 ft (30.18 meters)
  • Total of 36 Columns
    • 8 on the sides
    • 12 in the front and back
    • Each column was dedicated to each state that was in the Union in the time of the Gettysburg Address
    • There are 48 of the states carved in the frieze above the columns ( the 48 states that were in the US when the memorial was built
parthenon vs lincoln memorial
Parthenon vs. Lincoln Memorial

PARTHENON

VS.

LINCOLN MEMORIL

differences
Differences
  • The Lincoln Memorial uses all right angles vs. the Parthenon uses optical illusion of the perfect building but when looked at closely it is shaped like a trapezoid.
  • The columns of the Parthenon are leaning in to give even more of the perfect building look vs. the Lincoln Memorial’s columns are straight up.
  • The Lincoln Memorial has a flat roof vs. the Parthenon has a triangular, gable end roof.
similarities
Similarities
  • They both honor a leader or god (same basic idea)
  • They have similar design. (column structure)
  • They both hold a large statue.
  • They both are close to the typical Greek Doric temple.