Abnormal Psychology and Therapy. By: Jonathan, Kevin, Alex, Evan. Abnormal Behavior. Defined as Behavior that is deviant, maladaptive, or personally distressful over a relatively long period of time.
By: Jonathan, Kevin, Alex, Evan
Axis 1- All diagnostic categories except personality disorders and mental retardation
Axis 2- Personality disorders and mental retardation
Prejudice and Discrimination
Schizophrenic- often associated with things such as “frightening” or “dangerous”.
Race- Stereotypes used with different races such as Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics.
Bipolar- Often thought of as scary or mean.
Multiple personalities- People perceive them as people who can’t act the same and are always changing.
PSYCHOANALYSIS: Freud’s therapeutic technique for analyzing an individual’s unconscious thoughts.
whatever is on your mind aloud.
meanings in what their client says during therapy.
Everyday Anxiety - Anti Anxiety/Anti Depressants - Good improvement - Less effective over time and addictive
General Anxiety - Anti Anxiety drugs - Not effective - Less effective over time, Addictive
Panic Disorder - Anti Anxiety drugs - Half show improvement - Less effective over time, Addictive
Specific phobias - Antianxiety drugs - Not effective - Less powerful over time, Addictive
Agoraphobia - Tricyclic drugs - Very effective - Restlessness, Fainting, and Trembling
Depressive Disorders - Antidepressants- Very Effective - Varies depending on drug
Bipolar Disorder - Lithium - Very effective - Toxicity
Schizophrenia - Neuroleptics - very effective - irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure, uncontrolled fidgeting, tardive dyskinesia, and immobility of face
Definition- Views individuals as a part of a system of relationships that are influenced by social and cultural factors.
Group Therapy- People who share disorders gather with a mental health professor and have a therapy session together.
Family/Couples Therapy- Group therapy with only families or couples
Self Support- People choose to meet and discuss common interest.
Community Mental Health- Community members are trained to offer consoling and workshops
Cultural Perspective- Focuses on the needs of individuals who live in cultures that place importance on groups.
Ethnicity and Gender- These are important when trying to insure the patients comfort in therapy.
Two underlying factors are…
Therapeutic Alliance- Relationship between therapist and client
Client Factor- Clients motivation accounts for therapeutic success
Well-being Therapy- Encourages client to see the positive sides of things
Jonathan- Topic #7,9 and guided notes
Kevin- Topic #9
Alex- Topic #1,8