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Motivation & Emotion. Motive. Specific need, desire, or want, such as hunger, thrust, or achievement, that prompts goal-oriented behavior. STIMULUS. MOTIVE. BEHAVIOR. How Motivation works??. Emotions

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motive
Motive
  • Specific need, desire, or want, such as hunger, thrust, or achievement, that prompts goal-oriented behavior.

STIMULUS

MOTIVE

BEHAVIOR

How Motivation works??

Motivation & Emotion

Instructor: Saba Nasir

slide3
Emotions
  • State characterized by physiological arousal and changes in facial expressions, gestures, posture, and subjective feelings

Motivation

  • An inner state (either a need or desire) that energizes & directs us and keeps us moving toward our goals

Motivation & Emotion

Instructor: Saba Nasir

slide4
Motivation occurs whether we are aware it or not
  • Same motivation or emotion may produce different behavior
  • etc,…Earning money
  • Same behavior might arise from different motives or Emotions
  • Etc,… watching movies

Motivation & Emotion

Instructor: Saba Nasir

perspectives on motivation
Perspectives on Motivation
  • Instinct theory
    • Attributes behavior to instincts (specific inborn, inflexible, goal-directed behavior patterns characteristics of an entire species)
    • Criticism
      • Most human behavior is not inborn but is learned
      • Human behavior is rarely rigid, inflexible, unchanging and characteristic of the species

Motivation & Emotion

Instructor: Saba Nasir

perspectives on motivation6
Perspectives on Motivation
  • Drive reduction theory
    • Motivated behavior is aimed at reducing drive(state of bodily tension or arousal) and returning the organism to homeostasis
    • Criticism
      • Drives are not always reduced, they are increased as well
      • Some behavior is also triggered by external stimuli (incentive) than internal states

Motivation & Emotion

Instructor: Saba Nasir

types of motivation
Types of Motivation
  • Intrinsic Motivation
    • A desire to perform a behavior that originates within the individual
  • Extrinsic Motivation
    • A desire to perform a behavior to obtain an external reward or to avoid punishment

Motivation & Emotion

Instructor: Saba Nasir

primary drives
Primary Drives
  • Physiological based unlearned motive, such as hunger. Associated with the survival of the organism and the species
  • Principal Primary drives
    • Hunger
    • Thirst
    • Sex

Motivation & Emotion

Instructor: Saba Nasir

other motives
Other Motives
  • Stimulus Motives
    • Unlearned motives, that are more dependent on external stimuli and are associated with obtaining information about the environment.
    • Curiosity & Exploration
    • Manipulation
    • Contact

Motivation & Emotion

Instructor: Saba Nasir

aggression
Aggression
  • Aggression in human beings encompasses all behaviors that is intended to inflict physical or psychological harm on others.
  • Aggression & frustration
  • Learning aggression by observing
  • Aggression and culture
    • Individualistic & collectivistic societies
  • Gender & aggression
    • Nature vs nurture

Motivation & Emotion

Instructor: Saba Nasir

social motives
Social Motives
  • Social Motives: Acquired by growing up in a particular society or culture
  • Achievement
    • The desire to excel and overcome obstacles
    • Aspects of achievement oriented behavior
      • Work orientation
      • Mastery
      • Competitiveness

Motivation & Emotion

Instructor: Saba Nasir

social motives12
Social Motives
  • Power
    • The need to win recognition or to influence or control individuals or groups
  • Affiliation
    • The need to be with others

Motivation & Emotion

Instructor: Saba Nasir

a hierarchy of motives
A Hierarchy of Motives

Self

actualization

Belonging Need

Esteem

Belongingness & Love

Safety Needs

Safety & Security

Physiological

Motivation & Emotion

Instructor: Saba Nasir