Oddities subscripts punctuation enclitics and proclitics
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Oddities – Subscripts, Punctuation, Enclitics and Proclitics. Iota Subscript. Iota + a, h, or w when not used as proper diphthongs requires the use of iota subscripts The iota subscript is a small mark placed under the vowel It can be pronounced as the long form of the vowel or as follows:

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Iota subscript
Iota Subscript Proclitics

  • Iota + a, h, or w when not used as proper diphthongs requires the use of iota subscripts

  • The iota subscript is a small mark placed under the vowel

  • It can be pronounced as the long form of the vowel or as follows:

    • ´ = ah gliding into ee

    • Í = eh gliding into ee

    • ù = aw gliding into ee


Punctuation
Punctuation Proclitics

  • Greeks used little spacing or punctuation

  • In the late period, four marks were developed:

    • Comma (exactly as in English)

    • Period (exactly as in English)

    • Colon (dot placed high on the line)

    • Question mark (looks like an English semi-colon)


Proclitics
Proclitics Proclitics

  • Proclitics are one-syllable words that lack their own accent and so they attach themselves to the following word

  • Examples:

    • oÙ (not)

    • e„ (if)

    • æj (as)

    • nominative singular and plural forms of the definite article (  oƒ aƒ )


Enclitics
Enclitics Proclitics

  • Enclitics lack their own accent, but they attach themselves to the previous word

  • The most important of the enclitics to learn is the present indicative forms of the verb “to be”

  • Enclitics can affect the accent of the previous word