Comprehension. Bloom’s Taxonomy action verbs. Knowledge – remember previously learned information Define Describe Identify Name Outline Relate Select state. Comprehension. Comprehension – demonstrate an understanding of facts. Classify Describe Discuss Distinguish Explain
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Knowledge – remember previously learned information
Comprehension – demonstrate an understanding of facts.
Apply knowledge to actual situations.
Analysis – breakdown objects or ideas into simpler parts and find evidence to support generalizations.
Synthesis – compile component ideas into a new whole or propose alternative solutions.
Evaluation – make and defend judgements based on internal evidence or external criteria.
introduction into education would remove the conventionality,
artificiality, and backward-lookingness which were characteristic;
of classical studies, but they were gravely disappointed. So, too, in
5 their time had the humanists thought that the study of the classical
authors in the original would banish at once the dull pedantry and
superstition of mediaeval scholasticism. The professional
schoolmaster was a match for both of them, and has almost
managed to make the understanding of chemical reactions as dull
10 and as dogmatic an affair as the reading of Virgil's Aeneid.
The chief claim for the use of science in education is that it teaches a child something about the actual universe in which he is living, in making him acquainted with the results of scientific
15 discovery, and at the same time teaches him how to think logically and inductively by studying scientific method. A certain limited success has been reached in the first of these aims, but practically none at all in the second. Those privileged members of the community who have been through a secondary or public school
20 education may be expected to know something about the
elementary physics and chemistry of a hundred years ago, but they probably know hardly more than any bright boy can pick up from an interest in wireless or scientific hobbies out of school hours.
As to the learning of scientific method, the whole thing is palpably
25 a farce. Actually, for the convenience of teachers and the
requirements of the examination system, it is necessary that the pupils not only do not learn scientific method but learn precisely the reverse, that is, to believe exactly what they are told and to reproduce it when asked, whether it seems nonsense to them or
30 not. The way in which educated people respond to such quackeries as spiritualism or astrology, not to say more dangerous ones such as racial theories or currency myths, shows that fifty years of education in the method of science in Britain or Germany has produced no visible effect whatever.
35 method of science is the long and bitter way of personal
experience, and, until the educational or social systems are altered
to make this possible, the best we can expect is the production of a
minority of people who are able to acquire some of the techniques
of science and a still smaller minority who are able to use and
40 develop them.
Adapted from: The Social Function of Science, John D Bernal (1939)
1. The author implies that the 'professional schoolmaster' (line 7) has
A. no interest in teaching science
B. thwarted attempts to enliven education
C. aided true learning
D. supported the humanists
E. been a pioneer in both science and humanities.
2. The author’s attitude to secondary and public school education in the sciences is
4. The author blames all of the following for the failure to impart scientific method through the education system except
A. poor teaching
B. examination methods
C. lack of direct experience
D. the social and education systems
E. lack of interest on the part of students
5. If the author were to study current education in science to see how things have changed since he wrote the piece, he would probably be most interested in the answer to which of the following questions?
A. Do students know more about the world about them?
B. Do students spend more time in laboratories?
C. Can students apply their knowledge logically?
D. Have textbooks improved?
E. Do they respect their teachers?
A. a science that needs to be better understood
B. a belief which no educated people hold
C. something unsupportable to those who have absorbed the methods of science
D. the gravest danger to society
E. an acknowledged failure of science
A. at the time of writing, not all children received a secondary school education
B. the author finds chemical reactions interesting
C. science teaching has imparted some knowledge of facts to some children
D. the author believes that many teachers are authoritarian
E. it is relatively easy to learn scientific method.
He enjoys walking through the country. He often goes backpacking on his vacations.
He enjoys walking through the country, and he often goes backpacking on his vacations.
Frank loves TV so much that he would watch all the reruns. Joan would read instead.
Frank loves TV so much that he would watch all the reruns; Joan would read instead.
The scene was filled with beauty. Such as the sun sending its brilliant rays to the earth and the leaves of various shades of red, yellow, and brown moving slowly in the wind.
Within each group, a wide range of features to choose from. It was difficult to distinguish between them
A president is an appointed leader. Someone who is a decision maker in the executive branch of our government. This doesn't necessarily mean that the person the people elect is capable. Just hopefully assumes.Assumes through his past record as a politician, over the years' buildup of experience and handling situations.
For the past twenty years, the Survey Research Center at the University of Michigan has been measuring the level of Americans' trust and confidence in their politicians and quasi-political trust and confidence in their political institutions and their leaders. "Political" being all levels of government, and "quasi-political" churches, labor unions, large professional/business associations, educational institutions, and the like. The result is that a very sharp decline has taken place every year since 1964.
No main verb
Vitamins and minerals can be added to enrich (replace nutrients lost in processing) or fortify (add nutrients not normally present) foods to improve their nutritional quality. Breads and cereals are usually enriched with some B vitamins and iron. Common examples of fortification include the addition of vitamin D to milk, vitamin A to margarine, vitamin C to fruit drinks, calcium to orange juice, and iodide to table salt.
Time line is usually very easy to understand
The carbon feasibility studies were completed in October, 1978. Immediately thereafter, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) "Blue Magoo" was dispatched to the site to provide on-site emergency treatment.
Use comparison and contrast to develop a topic by examining its similarities or dissimilarities to another thing, process, or state. Comparison emphasizes the similarities, contrast the differences.
The high-frequency capacity of coaxial cables decreases rapidly with increased length, but the bandwidth of a commercial fiber-optic system will remain constant with length.
For RG-179 coax, a 1,024 × 1,024 signal is limited to 50 ft; RG-59 rolls off 3 dB at 170 ft. Larger, bulkier cables such as RG-11 can reach up to 250 ft, but are impractical to install, since three such cables are required for RGB color.
Fiber-optic cable, on the other hand, allows transmission of more than 60 MHz video clock over a mile, and 20 MHz over 2½ miles, with no repeaters or equalizers.
Attempts to show how events are influenced by or caused by others--the linkage of causation.
Use enumeration in paragraphs when you want to itemize or list a set of topics or a series of some kind. Enumeration is a powerful way to establish a series of observations and to emphasize each element.
Have your blood cholesterol measured if you've never had it done. Finger-prick tests at health fairs and other public places are generally fairly accurate, especially if they're offered by a hospital or other reputable health group. When you know your "number," follow these guidelines from the National Cholesterol Education Program:
If your cholesterol is between 200 and 239 mg/dl, have a second test performed and average the results. If that number falls in the same range, and if you do have any form of cardiovascular disease, change your diet to improve your cholesterol. In addition, eliminate any other risk factors you have and get tested again in about one year.
If your cholesterol is 240 mg/dl or more, your physician should order a more detailed cholesterol analysis and recommend therapy based on the results. You should begin a cholesterol-improving diet immediately.
Last spring, employees of the Hartville Corporation organized a weeklong strike to protest poor working conditions and unreasonable company policies. The strike resulted in huge financial losses for the company and the threat of a national boycott on Hartville products.
The situation resulted in the formation of an employee task force, supported by Hartville management, to review circumstances that led to the strike. The task-force findings follow:
■ Hartville’s overtime pay schedule is well below the national level, and overtime is mandatory at least once a week.
■ Employees working in the manufacturing department have an alarmingly high rate of repetitive stress injury. The equipment they are working with is extremely old and dangerous
and does not meet current health and safety standards. The task force recommended that equipment be evaluated and brought up to- date immediately.
■ Sick and personal day policies are unclear. Employees report conflicting and/or confusing policies relating to sick and personal days, which have resulted in numerous is understandings about procedures and allowances as well as unfair disciplinary action.
■ In the past four years, five pregnant women with clean work records were terminated soon after their pregnancies were public. In all five cases, the grounds for firing were not specifically cited, although one of the employees
was told by her immediate supervisor that new mothers make very unreliable employees.
■ Hartville’s upper management is largely unaware of the dissatisfaction of employees. There is evidence that middle management withholds vital information leading to upper
management’s underestimation of the severity of employee discontent.
1)Which of the following is the main organizational pattern used in the passage?
a. chronological order
b. hierarchical order
c. order by topic
d. cause and effect
Get into the topic and let your reader perceive your purpose in the topic sentence of your beginning paragraph.
U2 have always produced rhetorically powerful songs. From the spiritually driven "I Still Haven’t Found What I’m Looking For" to the blatantly sexual "If You Wear That Velvet Dress," audiences have been persuaded to examine their religious doubts as well as to give in to their emotions. Never a band content in sticking to one style, their music has evolved and taken many forms.
Their more recent songs show a level of complexity so far unsurpassed in music, drawing heavily on the ambiguity of paradox in songs like "So Cruel" while evoking sensory overload with the aid of the list structure in "Numb." But one of the most powerful songs dates back to their early years, when their style was Senecan-like, seemingly simpler and more direct. "Sunday Bloody Sunday" stands out as one of U2’s finest songs. Its rhetoric is successful because of its simplicity, not despite it.
A sentence in an essay, report, research paper, or speech that identifies the main idea and/or central purpose of the text.
Narrow the topic.Your readings about the topic, however, have led you to the conclusion that elementary school children are consuming far more sugar than is healthy.
This fragment not only announces your subject, but it focuses on one segment of the population: elementary school children. Furthermore, it raises a subject upon which reasonable people could disagree, because while most people might agree that children consume more sugar than they used to, not everyone would agree on what should be done or who should do it. You should note that this fragment is not a thesis statement because your reader does not know your conclusions on the topic.
Take a position on the topic.After reflecting on the topic a little while longer, you decide that what you really want to say about this topic is that something should be done to reduce the amount of sugar these children consume.
You revise your thesis statement to look like this:
This statement asserts your position, but the terms more attention and food and beverage choices are vague.
Use specific language.You decide to explain what you mean about food and beverage choices, so you write:
Make an assertion based on clearly stated support.You finally revise your thesis statement one more time to look like this:
Notice how the thesis answers the question, “What should be done to reduce sugar consumption by children, and who should do it?” When you started thinking about the paper, you may not have had a specific question in mind, but as you became more involved in the topic, your ideas became more specific. Your thesis changed to reflect your new insights.
2. A strong thesis statement justifies discussion.
3. A strong thesis statement expresses one main idea.
4. A strong thesis statement is specific
There are some negative and positive aspects to the Banana Herb Tea Supplement.
Companies need to exploit the marketing potential of the Internet, and Web pages can provide both advertising and customer support.
Because the Internet is filled with tremendous marketing potential, companies should exploit this potential by using Web pages that offer both advertising and customer support.
Hunger persists in Glandelinia because jobs are scarce and farming in the infertile soil is rarely profitable.
Is this a strong or weak thesis statement?
The statement is too broad--the writer cannotdiscuss all Indian festivals. Even though it does state the writer's opinion, the statement is not clear: it doesn't explain why the festivals are interesting.
Diwali is an important festival for Indians because they celebrate, remember traditional legends, and enjoy time with their families.
Is this a strong or a weak thesis statement?
The topic is specific enough, and it clearly gives the writer's opinion. In addition, it lists the supporting ideas."
The life of the typical college student is characterized by time spent studying, attending class, and socializing with peers.
The paper that follows should:
High school graduates should be required to take a year off to pursue community service projects before entering college in order to increase their maturity and global awareness.
The paper that follows should:
A clear, concise, and defined thesis statement that occurs in the first paragraph of the essay.
Clear and logical transitions between the introduction, body, and conclusion.
Evidential support (whether factual, logical, statistical, or anecdotal).
A conclusion that does not simply restate the thesis, but readdresses it in light of the evidence provided.
The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner
•debating differences of interpretation, or
•evaluating both sides of an argument.
So, it is more likely that you will be set tasks which test your ability to summarise and evaluate positions or assertions rather than merely reproducethem.