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THE CAUCUSUS. Three small nations. GEORGIA. Mainly mountainous Fertile soil in the valleys Warm, subtropical climate Tourism, tobacco, tea, silk & peaches Orthodox Christians (Eastern Catholic) Maintains close ties to Russia After communism , economy went down

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the caucusus

THE CAUCUSUS

Three small nations

georgia
GEORGIA
  • Mainly mountainous
  • Fertile soil in the valleys
  • Warm, subtropical climate
    • Tourism, tobacco, tea, silk & peaches
  • Orthodox Christians (Eastern Catholic)
  • Maintains close ties to Russia
  • After communism, economy went down
  • Recently, the economy is doing better
armenia
ARMENIA
  • Landlocked, smallest nation of the former U.S.S.R.
  • Rug-making is a traditional craft
  • Due to its location, Between the Turkish and Russian Empires:
    • Armenia suffered great hardships
    • During WW-I, the Turks tried to kick-out the entire 1.7 million people out of Armenia in an act of genocide
      • Genocide: The attempted killing of an entire ethnic group
    • About 1/3 died or were killed
armenia v azerbaijan
ARMENIA v. AZERBAIJAN
  • After communism, Armenia wanted all of its land back.
  • Invaded western Azerbaijan and took the land
  • 350,000 Armenians (Christians) in Azerbaijan were forced to leave Azerbaijan
  • 190,000 Azeri (Muslims) in Armenia left Armenia
  • Religious conflict, Christian v. Muslim
azerbaijan
AZERBAIJAN
  • Rich deposits of oil, but earthquakes
  • Almost half of the population live rural (agriculture)
    • Goats, sheep, fruit, cotton & silk
  • Over 90% of the population are Muslim
  • Wanted to build an oil-pipeline to the Black sea through Russia
  • Russia didn’t like that idea

WHY?

azerbaijan pollution
Azerbaijan & Pollution
  • After communism, the region is heavily polluted
  • The Caspian Sea is contaminated by sewage and oil
  • Overuse of pesticides and fertilizer left the soil damaged
  • The demand for economic recovery is more important than the environment
central asia
CENTRAL ASIA
  • Kazakhstan (kah-zak-STAN)
  • Turkmenistan (turk-MEN-ih-STAN)
  • Uzbekistan (ooz-BEK-ih-STAN)
  • Kyrgyzstan (cyr-geez-STAN)
  • Tajikistan (tah-jihk-ih-STAN)
    • The “STAN” translates to “the land of”
central asian geography
CENTRAL ASIAN GEOGRAPHY
  • Dusty, desert, lowland leading to grasslands
  • Summer rains bring less than 10”
  • Turkmenistan gets less than 3”
  • Some areas have large reserves of oil & natural gas
  • 1/5 of the population are Muslim
  • Does not support Islamic fundamentalism
    • Islamic Fundamentalism:The practice ofreligion based in the strict writings found in the Koran
central asian geography1
CENTRAL ASIAN GEOGRAPHY

G. Ethnic Traditions:

  • The nations of Central Asia contain a mixture of ethnic groups
    • Turkic
    • Russian
    • Ukrainian
  • Traditional ways of nomadic herding conflict with modern industry
  • Soviet-Central-Planners forced the nomads to live in cities to increase industry
  • Attempting to keep the peace between ethnic/religious groups
central asian geography2
CENTRAL ASIAN GEOGRAPHY

H. Environmental Impact:

  • Soviet planners ignored the affects of industry on the environment
  • Heavy use of chemical fertilizers, and pesticides caused heavy damage
  • Parts of this region are considered to be the most polluted in the world
irrigation desertification
IRRIGATION & DESERTIFICATION
  • Under Communism (Soviet Era), the rivers running into the Aral Sea were used for irrigation.
  • The Aral Sea is now 2/3 gone.
      • Less fresh water; more salt water
      • Fishing industry died
irrigation desertification1
IRRIGATION & DESERTIFICATION
  • The remaining salt and sand blow over the remaining land and cause desertification
    • Desertification: The changing of arable land into desert. Usually caused when humans change the environment
slide13
Reach For A Star Productions

John P. Lukewww.mrluke.net

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