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Classification of Drugs

Classification of Drugs

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Classification of Drugs

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  1. Classification of Drugs

  2. Do now: • There are categories of drugs listed around the room. Each of you will receive a slip of paper with a drug on it. Tape this paper to the category you think it belongs in.

  3. Stimulants (speed up the body’s functions and movements through actions on the central nervous system) • Caffeine • Nicotine • Amphetamines • Methamphetamines • AKA: Speed, Uppers, Black beauties

  4. Stimulants Cont’d • Cocaine • AKA Coke, Snow, Flake, White, Blow, Nose Candy • short acting stimulant • Sniff, inject, or smoked • Crack (rock form, smoked) goes to the lungs, bloodstream, and organs in about 8 – 10 seconds and goes right to the brain • Highly addictive, rapid tolerance

  5. Depressants • (slow down the body’s functions and movements through actions of the CNS) • Alcohol (ethanol) • Tranquilizers (slows nerve activity and relaxes muscle tension) • Valium, Equanil, Xanax • Barbiturates (higher likelihood of dependency) • AKA: Downers, Barbs, Blue Devils, Red Devils, Yellow Jackets

  6. Narcotics • (any depressant drug made from or chemically similar to opium that reduces pain and induces sleep) • Opium (drug obtained from the seed pod of a poppy plant) • Morphine and Codeine (natural narcotic compounds that contain opium) • Heroin (popular narcotic) • Junk, Smack, Horse, Brown Sugar, Black Tar • Addiction produces harsh withdrawal symptoms (sweating, shaking, chills, nausea, and cramps) • User is usually at risk for overdose because dealers often dilute the drug by adding other substances

  7. Inhalants • Drugs in the forms of gases, aerosols, or solvents that are breathed in and absorbed through the lungs • Most commonly abused in middle school students. • Hairspray, deodorant, keyboard cleaner, etc. • Huff, Whippits,

  8. Inhalant Abuse Signs Paint or stains on the body or clothing Spots or sores around the mouth Red or runny eyes and nose Chemical odor on the breath A drunken or dazed appearance Loss of appetite

  9. Hallucinogens • (causes a great change in perception) • May stimulate or depress the CNS • Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) • Acid, Red Dragon, White Lightning • Experience hallucinations where they may see colorful things and believe that they have superhuman powers • Psilocybin (mushrooms) • Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust, Loveboat

  10. Cannabinoids(Marijuana) • Pot, Weed, Grass, Mary Jane, Dope, Reefer • Can act like all of the above classes • Can be smoked or eaten • Contains 400 chemicals, 60 that are unique to the Cannibus sativa plant

  11. Designer Drugs • A drug that looks like a drug already on the market but has something altered in its molecular structure so that it is a “new” drug and not explicitly banned. • Ecstasy (similar to amphetamines but produces hallucinations and feelings of euphoria)

  12. Anabolic Steroids • A drug that promotes tissue growth and leads to increased muscle mass and improved strength and power. • Taken by pills or injections • Males may get bigger, or develop breasts, lose hair, impotence, shrunken testicles, painful erections, acne, moodiness, aggressiveness, liver, kidney, and heart damage, cancer, coma, or death • Women may have a deeper voice, scalp hair loss, body hair growth and clitoral enlargement



  15. Narcotics

  16. Hallucinogens

  17. Inhalants

  18. Designer Drugs

  19. Anabolic Steroids

  20. Cannabinoids