administration of drugs n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Administration of drugs PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Administration of drugs

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

Administration of drugs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 79 Views
  • Uploaded on

Administration of drugs. Administration routes and pharmaceutical form. Tea Baršić Mirna Kudlač Mentor: A. Žmegač Horvat. Methods of administering drugs. oral administration sublingual administration rectal administration parenteral administration inhalation topical application.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Administration of drugs' - britney


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
administration of drugs

Administrationof drugs

Administration routes

and pharmaceutical form

Tea Baršić

Mirna Kudlač

Mentor: A. Žmegač Horvat

methods of administering drugs
Methods of administering drugs
  • oral administration
  • sublingual administration
  • rectal administration
  • parenteral administration
  • inhalation
  • topical application
oral administration
Oral administration
  • by mouth
  • form:
    • tablets
    • capsules
    • syrups
pros cons
convenient for the patient

can be done at home

possible destruction or inactivation

possibly not absorbable

useless in emergency

Pros & Cons
sublingual administration
Sublingual administration
  • under the tongue
  • absorption into sublingual veins
  • form: tablets

example: nitroglycerin

rectal administration
Rectal administration
  • into the rectum
  • when vomiting or unable to swallow
  • form:
    • suppositories
    • aqueous solutions
parenteral administration
intracavitary

intradermal

intramuscular

intrathecal

intravenous

iubcutaneous

form: injections

Parenteral administration
intracavitary injection
Intracavitary injection
  • into a body cavity (e.g. peritoneal, pleural)

example: nitrogen mustard (intrapleural, prevents fluid accumulation)

intradermal injection
Intradermal injection
  • shallow
  • into upper layers of skin

example: allergy testing

intramuscular injection
Intramuscular injection
  • into muscle (buttock or upper arm)
  • when irritating to skin
  • when large amounts of long-acting drug

needed

example: adrenaline

intrathecal injection
Intrathecal injection
  • into space under meninges surrounding spinal cord & brain

example: methotrexate (in leukemia)

intravenous injection
Intravenous injection
  • into a vein
  • for immediate effect
  • when unsafe for other tissues
  • good technical skill needed (leakage may cause irritation & inflammation)

example: heparin

subcutaneous injection
Subcutaneous injection
  • into subcutaneous tissue (usually upper arm, thigh, abdomen)

example: insulin

i nhalation
Inhalation
  • into nose or mouth
  • absorbed through alveoli
  • form: aerosols

example: anesthetics, antiasthmatics

topical application
Topical application
  • locally on skin or mucous membranes
  • form:
    • lotions
    • creams
    • ointments
    • transdermal patches
    • eyedrops, eardrops, nasal drops
references
References
  • Handout
  • Rang, Dale, Ritter, Moore: Pharmacology, 1st Croatian edition

Thank you!